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Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2020

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 68 others like this
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1.2k comments

Hello sir, can you provide"orient ias ethics module" (not section B booklet) which is used to distributed by (ATUL GARG) sir in class(40-50 pages) which consist ~40 case studies which sir used to disscus in class itself? 🙏
Please do response as soon as possible. It will be very helpful for me.
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Have anybody taken orient ias ethics classes from atul garg sir? 
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Using Factly as primary CA source for prelims .

Can someone suggest a supplementary source (Not Vision)

Have heard about Vajiram Recital

Thanks 


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Consider the following statements regarding the Earth's magnetic field:

1. The orientation of the Earth's magnetic field is aligned with the Earth's geographic North- South poles.

2. Of all the heavenly bodies in the Solar system, only Earth is known to have a magnetic field.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a 1 only
b 2 only
c Both 1 and 2
d Neither 1 nor 2

pls explain the first statement and how it is wrong

I think it's because the geographic north and south pole are not at the same location as that of the magnetic poles. So when using a compass, it actually points to the magnetic pole and not the true geographic north. This difference is known as magnetic inclination.

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tamtar said

Difference between Fast Track Courts and Tribunal?


Fast track courts are constituted for the speedy resolution of a trial like for cases related to POSCO. Tribunals are constituted to deal with issues that are technical in nature.

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Hi can someone please explain John Rawl's Contractualism in simple language ?

Contractarianism ? 

According to the theory of contractarianism, the moral and political principles we should follow are those which we would accept in a hypothetical contract. It is a scenario in which no moral or political principles have been accepted yet, and we need to find some of those principles. Solution could be agreed upon by contracting parties, starting from certain idealized positions for example equitable distribution of resources. 

For example consider bioethics. Ethics that govern it have no precedents but are shaped by morals and ethics of contracting parties. 

Prakhar96,
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@upsc2020  I am not sure I read it from Dk Bajali Ethics book 

On further research i found that 

Under contractarianism, I seek to maximise my own interests in a bargain with others.
Under contractualism, I seek to pursue my interests in a way that I can justify to others who have their own interests to pursue.

I am Still confused though 
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@upsc2020  I am not sure I read it from Dk Bajali Ethics book 

On further research i found that 

Under contractarianism, I seek to maximise my own interests in a bargain with others.
Under contractualism, I seek to pursue my interests in a way that I can justify to others who have their own interests to pursue.

I am Still confused though 

I'll try to explain whatever I have understood.

Contractualism, which has its roots in Rousseau, is basically creating a contract where you can pursue your own interests while equally respecting the interests of the others involved in the contract. Contractarinaism, which has its roots in Hobbes, creates a contract where you only worry about your own self interests. That is, you don't consider the interests of the other parties involved. 


Now Rawls' contractualism is a contract that everyone would agree to. So for this, he places the parties to the contract under a veil of ignorance. That is, he assumes that the parties themselves don't know about themselves or any of their own interests. This means that all the parties have to be concerned about everyone's interests since they don't know their own interests. Thus, the resulting contract would be something that everyone agrees to. 


If you still have confusions, let me know. I'll try to explain it with a simplified example.

Prakhar96, upsc2020
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I have referred to some topics of GS 1&2 from Vision ias value addition notes. But they were all of 2018 material. Should I bought new one of 2020? Can somebody show light on it?
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I have referred to some topics of GS 1&2 from Vision ias value addition notes. But they were all of 2018 material. Should I bought new one of 2020? Can somebody show light on it?

Yes, you should. Specially for GS-2

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I have referred to some topics of GS 1&2 from Vision ias value addition notes. But they were all of 2018 material. Should I bought new one of 2020? Can somebody show light on it?

Yes, you should. Specially for GS-2

Thanks for that.

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@Prakhar96 No problem. Thanks to you I got to learn something new.


Prakhar96,
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I have a question regarding tribunals. They were created to deal with issues where technical matters play an important role right? So then isn't the new tribunal rules that make it mandatory for the members of the tribunals to be someone with judicial experience and not have technical experts relating the matter take away the whole point of tribunals? 
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What percentage of government's revenue goes into payments toward salaries and pensions of employees? I could only find that India spends 8% of GDP on salaries of government employees.
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DOUBTS

1)FDI Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India is currently not permitted in the following sectors: B2C e-commerce 

ecommerce me toh it depends on model naa i mena market place model , FDI is allowed correct 


2) Consider the following statements about the Political parties in India:

1. The Model Code Conduct for political parties during the elections is not enforceable by law.

2. The Parliament by law has laid down certain criteria for a party to be recognized as national or state level parties. A SERIES 30

3. Currently, there is no provision for internal democratic regulation of political parties in India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) 1 and 3 only (d) 2 and 3 only


HOW COME statment 3 is also incorrect 



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@tamtar fast track is set up by government while tribunal is through act 


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DOUBTS

1)FDI Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India is currently not permitted in the following sectors: B2C e-commerce 

ecommerce me toh it depends on model naa i mena market place model , FDI is allowed correct 


2) Consider the following statements about the Political parties in India:

1. The Model Code Conduct for political parties during the elections is not enforceable by law.

2. The Parliament by law has laid down certain criteria for a party to be recognized as national or state level parties. A SERIES 30

3. Currently, there is no provision for internal democratic regulation of political parties in India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) 1 and 3 only (d) 2 and 3 only


HOW COME statment 3 is also incorrect 



Because there is no law empowering ECI to monitor intra - party regulations and functioning. It is one of the electoral reforms suggested by ECI.

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@CSE20 arrey toh it should be correct statement naa ...read the statement onces 


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@CSE20 arrey toh it should be correct statement naa ...read the statement onces 


I mentioned in the context of ECI.

RPA, 1951 "Registration of Political Parties" expects parties to abide by Constitution ideals "democracy" being one of them. 

panbhi26967,
829 views
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