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Factoids for Prelims 2020


Ranyo Ashoka, Himalayan nettle, Denisovan - Who would have thought of such random questions?

Creating this thread with the sole purpose of sharing facts that can be relevant for Prelims. While there is always this thought, that there is no end to learning and mugging up facts, but if we observe closely - the options are not very close and elimination is easy. By pooling our resources here, if we give it one reading also, the probability of retaining it on the D day and eliminating options increases exponentially. 

I request the aspirants to actively contribute here and let's hope that we strike gold on 31st ;). 

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Koro-Sensei said

@Patootie A separate PCA framework by NABARD is applicable to Regional Rural Banks though, so do keep that in mind

Thanks for this, Did not know. And also similar to PCA, RBI has Supervisory Action Framework(SAF) for cooperative banks.

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Patootie said

Regarding +F logo by FSSAI

  • Wherever fortification of staples is a mandatory requirement, the +F logo shall not be used.
  • Addition of iodine to salt/ Vitamin A to Vanaspati are mandatory requirements. Accordingly, they shall not use +F Logo.
  • Fortification of salt is mandatory only for traditional white salt (common salt), and not for rock salt, pink salt, black salt etc.
  • Double Fortification of salt refers to fortification with iodine and iron. Iron fortification is voluntary.
  • When foods are fortified with iron, they should have a health advisory for person with thalassemia.
  • Generally, Fortification of foods is a voluntary requirement. When fortified however, such fortification must conform to standards laid down by FSSAI.

Thanks for this. Green Purple Logo by FSSAI  is for transfat free foods. Voluntary.

Tranfat Limits- 5%;

Total Polar compounds limit in refried vegetable Oil--25%.

random additions.

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Just in case anyone else is late to notice this too - the Inclusive Development Report is the only WEF report with the word “development” in its title. 
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@whatonly Lovely insights! :)

Sovereign Gold Bonds: 

  • Issued by RBI on behalf of Govt. Of India. 
  • NRIs cannot invest in them. Only Persons resident in India as per FEMA Act, 1999 can invest. 
  • Capital Gains tax exemption has been provided for, on redemption. IT Act is applicable. TDS not deductible. 
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"Forest Cover" is not a criteria in 15th Finance Commission Report. It has been replaced by "Forest and Ecology." This new criteria has been arrived at by calculating the share of dense forest of a particular state in aggregate dense forests of all states put together. 

For those "Which of the following are criteria" questions. 

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​1st State to implement Rare Disease and Orphan Drugs Policy-- Karnataka.

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Patootie said

"Forest Cover" is not a criteria in 15th Finance Commission Report. It has been replaced by "Forest and Ecology."

For those "Which of the following are criteria" questions. 

Did not notice this, Thanks.

Koro-Sensei, Patootie

Variankunnath Kunjahammad HajiSithi Koya Thangal and Ali Musliyar were the three prominent rebel leaders of the Mappila Rebellion in the Malabar. 

Relevant because it's been exactly 100 years since Gandhi's visit to the Malabar and there's been serious controversy on the issue in Kerala lately. 

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Criteria for declaring onset of monsoon (The hindu's screenshot)

1. Rain in 14 weather stations spread across Karnataka, kerala and Lakshdweep

2. Westerlies and their intensity

3. Outgoing Longwave Radiation 

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The Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace, or "Paris Call" in short of 12 November 2018 is a call to come together to face the new threats endangering citizens and infrastructure. It is based around nine common principles to secure cyberspace, which act as as many areas for discussion and action.

The Paris Call was sent in 2018 by the President of the French Republic, Emmanuel Macron, during the Internet Governance Forum held at UNESCO and the Paris Peace Forum.

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The Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) was formally established in July 2017 as a group of companies, dedicated to disrupting terrorist abuse of members’ digital platforms. The original Forum was led by a rotating chair drawn from the founding four companies—Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter and YouTube—and managed a program of knowledge-sharing, technical collaboration and shared research. 
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Tech Against Terrorism is an initiative launched and supported by the United Nations Counter Terrorism Executive Directorate (UN CTED) working with the global tech industry to tackle terrorist use of the internet whilst respecting human rights.
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MFN and National Treatment Principles find mention in all 3 major agreements of WTO: GATT, GATS and TRIPS. 

National treatment principle only applies once a product, service or item of intellectual property has entered the market.

"Dunkel draft" or "Dunkel Agreement" was a historic turning point in the Uruguay  round of negotiations leading up to the establishment of the WTO.

Basel Action Network (BAN) is a Unites States-based charity organisation and is one among the organisations and countries, which created the Basel Ban Amendment — hailed as a landmark agreement for global environmental justice.

India has not ratified the Basel Ban Amendment.


Waste Colonialism:

When developed countries began to adopt stringent regulations on toxic waste that made disposal within their own borders too expensive and instead, they began to export waste to low-income countries that were eager to increase their foreign exchange earnings, even at the cost of their citizens’ well-being.

For the first time in the ILO’s history, an International Labour Convention has been ratified by all member States.

Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour  achieved universal ratification.
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Important Difference between Joint Forest managment and Community Forest Managment.

CFR- Is in FRA 2006,Forest management Exclusive privilege of Gram sabha.

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