Factoids for Prelims 2021 - ForumIAS

Factoids for Prelims 2021

1.     Bathukamma Festival

·       Annual Floral festival celebrated in Telangana and AP

·       For 9 days during Navratri

·       It means Goddess come alive

·       To seek blessings of Goddess Parvati and Gauri

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2.     Anubhava Mantapa

·       12thCentury Socio-religious centre in Bidar,Karnataka

·       Founded by Basaveshwara

·       1streligious parliament in the history of human civilisation

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3.     Ayyanar Swami

·       Hindu deity worshipped in rural Tamil nadu and Kerala

·       Believed in cast-creedless society and known as village protector

·       Portrayed as riding a horse with sword or whip in hand

·       Ayyanar temple in open air and temple boundary usually connote village boundary.

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4.     Indira Gandhi Peace Prize-2019

·       For 2019, given to Sir David Attenborough(naturalist)

·       This is annual award given by Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust since 1986 to individuals/orgs

·       For 2017- Dr Manmohan Singh, 2018- CSE

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5.     Dal Lake declared ESZ

·       J&K Govt. set up 10 member committee to declare Dal lake and surrounding area as ESZ

·       Why? – Dal lake’s capacity has shrunk to about 40% and water quality has deteriorated, depth of lake also reduced

·       Reasons – Pollution and encroachment

·       On Jhelum river

·       Post-glacial lake/ due to flood spillage from Jhelum river

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6.     Sarees

·       Patola saree – Gujarat

·       Bandhini saree - Gujarat

·       Kalamkari saree – AP

·       Kanjeevaram saree – TN

·       Chanderi saree – MP

·       Banarasi saree – UP

·       Paithani saree – MH

·       Kasavu saree – Kerala

·       Pattu saree - Kerala

·       Muga silk saree - Assam

·       Leheriya saree – Rajasthan

·       Jamdani saree – Bengal

·       Baluchari saree – Bengal

·       Tant saree - Bengal

·       Sambalpuri ikat saree – Odisha

·       Bomkai saree - Odisha

·       Pochampally saree – Telangana

·       Phulkari saree – Punjab

·       Chikankari saree – Lucknow(UP)

·       Zardozi saree – UP,MP

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:star:Orchha, MP

·       Orchha town in Niwari distt , Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh

·       Built by King RP(Rudra Pratap) Singh of Bundela Dynasty in 1501

·       On river Betwa

·       In Orchha fort Complex includes Chaturbhuj temple, Jahangir Mahal, Raj mahal and       Sheesh Mahal

·       Influence of Bundela and Mughal architecture

·       News: in tentative list of UNESCO cultural heritage list

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