Official: SFG / RLG All Tests Discussions in one place - ForumIAS

Official: SFG / RLG All Tests Discussions in one place

This question is not related to any mistake in answer key but just to add to a point of discussion with respect to

Q24 (sfg test2).

option 2....while parliamentary system was declared a part of basic structure in Kesavanand case (1973) why did the Central government in1975 refer the matter of examining whether parliamentary system in India should be replaced by Presidential system toSwaran Singh Committeeas even if it was recommended by the Committee, it couldn't be put into place due to the basic structure violation.

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@ativdan okay..thanks.


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@Thinker Thanks for a detailed reply.


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@Thinker Constitution is amended by 3 ways - (a) simple majority, (b) special majority (c) spl majority with state ratification

Why then Constitutional Amendment Acts list includes only (b) & (c) , despite (a) also being one?

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@Thinker  With respect to statement 1 of Q 29 - its an abridged form of Art 365. 

Art 365 says - When state has failed to comply with 'any' directions  " given in exercise of Executive power of Union" undet the provisions of Constitution then....


While statement 1 uses 'any' in a blanket form which i think makes the statement incorrect as only constitutional directions from Centre to State qualifies under this.

Centre directing the state for eg to make law on a state subject or directing it to reduce mortality rate by x%, etc aren't constitutional directions & hence not following them isn't reason for applying President Rule. (SC in Bommai case has laid down cases of improper & proper use of Art 356).

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@Thinker  wrt the discussion above on change in 2017 guidelines allowing state govt "entities" to allow borrowing directly from outside agencies based on a guarantee by state govt.... (Q34)

aren't state govt 'entities'(MMRDA,etc) & state govt different for borrowing purposes?


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FCsaid

@Thinker  With respect to statement 1 of Q 29 - its an abridged form of Art 365. 

Art 365 says - When state has failed to comply with 'any' directions  " given in exercise of Executive power of Union" undet the provisions of Constitution then....


While statement 1 uses 'any' in a blanket form which i think makes the statement incorrect as only constitutional directions from Centre to State qualifies under this.

Centre directing the state for eg to make law on a state subject or directing it to reduce mortality rate by x%, etc aren't constitutional directions & hence not following them isn't reason for applying President Rule. (SC in Bommai case has laid down cases of improper & proper use of Art 356).

365. Effect of failure to comply with, or to give effect to, directions given by the Union Where any State has failed to comply with or to give effect to any directions given in the exercise of the executive power of the Union under any directions given in the exercise of the executive power of the Union under any of the provisions of this Constitution, it shall be lawful for the President to hold that a situation has arisen in which the government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.


This is a verbatim definition of article 365. Furthur the constitution has mentioned only some directions from centre to state. However Constitution has nowhere put limitations on the power of centre to give direction to the state and that is what article 365 suggest.

The statement in question said -
"Whenever a state fails to comply with 'any' direction from Centre, President's Rule can be imposed in State'.

While Art 365 says - 
When state has failed to comply with any direction by centre "given in exercise of Executive power of Union undet the provision of this Constitution" then President Rule can be imposed in state.

I think its very clear here that limitation is imposed inherently in Art 365 that the direction should be in exercise of Executive power of Union. Failure to comply with Any direction by Centre to state isn't condition for imposing President's Rule.

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@Thinker 

Test 9, Q47 

statement 3 says that Constitution provides for reservation of SC ST in  State Assembly of every State.

It misses the qualifier that - it has to be on the basis of population ratios in the state. Statement 3 read without this qualifier means that state like Haryana & Punjab should have seats for ST (which it doesn't bcoz of the population factor)

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Test 16 Q 30

statement 2 : 1st women univ (now called SNDT women univ) was started in 'Karve Kutir' in Pune in 1916. The Hq were later shifted to Bombay.

https://web.archive.org/web/20110108005119/http://www.sndthsc.com/nav/aboutus.html

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@Thinker 

Test 27

Q 15 , statement 1 - isn't coal bed methane (natural gas) found in Gondwana bed?

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sfg test 34, Q34.

statements wrt National Bamboo Mission.

Krishonnati Yojana has 12 missions/sub-schemes including National Mission on Sustainable Agri....& also MIDH (Mission on Integrated Development of Horticulture).

https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1580432

While the correct statement in Q34 says that Nat Bamboo Mission is sub scheme of National Mission on Sustainable Agri....I couldn't find it under this. However, as per what i know its a sub-scheme of MIDH instead.

https://vikaspedia.in/agriculture/policies-and-schemes/crops-related/krishi-unnati-yojana/mission-for-integrated-development-of-horticulture/national-horticulture-mission


Please let me know whether I am wrong ?

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@Disciple thanks...it has been shifted to this sub-scheme now.


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@AcademySupport The rescheduled Science & tech sfg test for 25th april will be the same one as was today or it will be having different questions ? (as many of us did attempt it today)

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@ForumIAS-Academy okay... thanks


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