Essay Test – December 31



Instructions:  Write an essay on any one of the following in about 1000-1200 words.
Time : 90 minutes

Marks : 125

Kindly review each others answers, so that everyone improves. Wish you an advance Happy New Year 2017 🙂 


1. India-ASEAN Relationship: Opportunities and Challenges.

भारत-आसियान संबंध: अवसर और चुनौतियां।


2.In a democracy, dissent is an act of faith.

लोकतंत्र में असहमति विश्वास की तरफ एक कदम है।


Thank you for the overwhelming response 🙂 Start answering!

Best essay: @Monica Mohan


 

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  • Monica Mohan

    Thank you for the review devmitra 🙂 yeah I could have mentioned North Korea example rather confining just to India. Thank you!!

  • Captain America

    Happy New Year.. 🙂

  • devmitra sen

    A very very prosperous,effective and successful New year 2017 to all of you…:) 🙂 🙂 🙂

    ForumIAS -Big thanks for the initiative..All of you keep writin..amd keep developing your skills everyday..Read a lot and focus on being your best version of self..Rise higher than this examination and shed all worries of competition and result..Develop..Develop and consistently grow into a power in yourself..All the best for a great road and journey ahead this year! 🙂

  • devmitra sen

    Very good wordcraft and logical thinking..Structure and heading will improve reader comfortability i think..I would also suggest here to mention the example of Constitution of India,where dissent and disagreement among the several representatives,, provided the ideals of a newly made democratic nation ..contrast with north korea where democracy exists in words owing to absence of dissent and thusoccurs a continuos erosion of faith would improve your already good essay…rest..keep writing..answers as well :)..Looking ahead 🙂

  • devmitra sen

    India-ASEAN Relationship: Opportunities and Challenges.
    ________________________________________________
    Recently,India attended the 14th Asean-India Summit and 11th East Asia Summit in Vientiane, the capital of Laos,thus increasing the dynamism of the Look East Policy through an Act East policy.
    The history of India-ASEAN ties date back to the decolonisation era when the ongoing Vietnam war and the Indo-Malaysian conflict over Borneo islands raised the issue of “disparate lands in an external atmosphere” post colonization. The fear promoted the formation of a regional platform through Bangkok declaration in 1967 called ASEAN. With headquarters at Jkarta and 10 Asian members, a collective front to the world was presented then.Today active block like ASEAN+6/8 have also started role enhancement and acting towards coordinated regional development.
    Though India has an observer status with ASEAN , India is actively contributing to ASEAN+1, the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the East Asia Summit (EAS) , the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) and Expanded ASEAN Maritime Forum (EAMF). India’s focus on a strengthened and multi-faceted relationship with ASEAN is an outcome of the significant changes in the global political and economic scenario since the early 1990s and India’s own march towards economic liberalisation. India’s relationship with ASEAN is a key pillar of our foreign policy and the foundation of our Act East Policy. The up-gradation of the relationship into a Strategic Partnership in 2012 was a natural progression to the ground covered since India became a Sectoral Partner of the ASEAN in 1992, Dialogue Partner in 1996 and Summit Level Partner in 2002. There are, in total, 30 Dialogue Mechanisms between India and ASEAN, cutting across various sectors.
    PHASES OF LOOK EAST POLICY FOR INDIA-ASEAN
    _____________________________________________
    Phase I -lasted between 1991 and 2002, when the primary thrust was toward renewed political and economic relations with ASEAN countries.
    Phase II -(2003 to 2012), the scope of the LEP was broadened to include China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand.
    Phase III-The new phase of LEP would focus on extensive economic and security issues, including joint efforts to protect the Sea Lanes of Communications and launch coordinated counter-terrorism activities
    RISING PROSPECTS ACROSS DIFFERENT SECTORS
    ECONOMIC PROSPECTS
    ______________________
    India and ASEAN have signed an FTA and ASEAN-India agreement has come into force for trade in Services and Investments .Besides we can observe the huge trade impact and steady trade investment with the data reporting that ASEAN is India’s 4th largest trading partner today and investments with high FDI from ASEAN has been pumped into Indian economy. ASEAN and India have been also working on enhancing private sector engagement. ASEAN India-Business Council (AIBC) was set up in March 2003 in Kuala Lumpur as a forum to bring key private sector players from India and the ASEAN countries on a single platform for business networking and sharing of ideas. Conclusion of RCEP would amplify the economic connect.
    Hence, increasing mutual investments and working on the parameters towards easing business norms can take India high on WB’s Ease of Doing Business Index and ASEAN can play an axial role towards fulfilling the objective.
    STRATEGIC AND SECURITY PROSPECTS
    ___________________________________
    ASEAN nations lie at intersections of major land and sea routes.With increasing conflicts over South China sea among ASEAN nations and China,India’s role to counter it will showcase the assertive key role we can play and improve our posture towards turning a global power . Non-traditional security threats such as terrorism, human and drug trafficking, cybercrimes and piracy in the Malacca Straits, etc are also being worked upon. Several bilateral and multilateral exercises like SIMBEX,CORPAT,FTX are routes towards improving the military cooperation.Stability and assertiveness in neighbourhood is detrimental towards turning a world power.
    ENERGY AND CONNECTIVITY
    _________________________
    South China Sea has potent reserves of oil,natural gas ,minerals and polymetallic nodules.Handholding through ASEAN community would be beneficial towards the oceanic exporations.Besides,Vietnam,Malaysia and Myanmar offer a bright scene in the energy scenario.
    The highway connecting India-Myanmar-Thailand ,IMT-Motor Vehicle agreement opens up increasing ease of people mobilisation and trade.Kaladan port that would cut down on the travel distance and offer better journey route (Chicken’sneck done away with) will connect the NE with Kolkata and South Asia. The highly underdeveloped NE States of India, which lie at the gateway to a region offering unlimited economic opportunities, will witness an economic transformation and such projects offer to increase the maritime and air connectivity between ASEAN and India and transform the corridors of connectivity into economic corridors.
    MARITIME PROSPECT
    ____________________
    Freedom of navigation in the South China Sea is essential for India in order to ensure that its sea-bound trade continues uninterrupted.  Sea lanes are “life lines of global trade.” India supports freedom of navigation based on United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).  ASEAN is important for extending cooperation in areas such as maritime security including freedom of navigation, drug trafficking and cybercrime.
    PROJECT PROSPECTS
    ___________________
    Mekong Ganga Project, Exchange of Farmers, ASEAN-India Fellowships for Higher Agricultural Education in India and ASEAN, Exchange of Agriculture Scientists, Empowerment of ASEAN-Indian Women through Cooperatives, ASEAN-India Collaborative Project on S&T for Combating Malaria, ASEAN-India Programme on Quality Systems in Manufacturing, ASEAN-India Collaborative R&D Project on Mariculture, Bio-mining and Bioremediation Technologies are rising areas of exploration anddevelopment.
    CULTURAL PROSPECT
    ___________________
    People to people mobilisation,improved tourism,easing visa norms and private companies participation towards business and corporate training (Like Indian firms in Indonesia) will blur boundaries and integrate Indian Mainland with south Asian nations. Initiatives for ASEAN Integration, which include projects on Training of English Language ,training of professionals dealing with capital markets in CLMV ,training Programme for ASEAN diplomats, Exchange of Parliamentarians, Participation of ASEAN students in the National Children’s Science Congress, ASEAN-India Network of Think Tanks, ASEAN-India Eminent Persons Lecture Series etc widen the doors further. India is establishing four Centres of Excellence in Software Development & Training (CESDT) in CLMV countries and is consistently improving the ties with involved nations.
    OTHER AREAS
    ____________
    For a long time Indonesia was a hub for facilitating the process of illegal immigration to Australia from its shores. In the recent past, India has also faced the problem of many Sri Lankan Tamil Refugees using the shores of India to sail to Australia in unseaworthy boats. The countries of ASEAN and India could work on an arrangement to have preventive measures in place for collective preventive measures to ensure that innocent people are not exploited by the greedy boat owners and syndicates who would make easy money by promising the moon to the poor people who look for greener pastures in Australia, Europe, US and other developed countries.
    CHALLENGES FOR INDIA-ASEAN
    _______________________________
    India needs to tap on the untapped zones of potential like increased involvement with Indonesia across several sectors, harness the potentials of strengthening economic, cultural and civilization links, besides forging a robust defence and security relationship with Vietnam and improve trade volume ratio when compared to India -China trade.
    Besides regionalism in SE Asia, absence of institutional structure to guide ASEAN secretariat are political impediments towards full fledged participation.
    Too much focus on its domestic politics at the cost of foreign politics and ineffective administrative processes, economic structure and different level of openness in the economies of India and ASEAN like India is more directed towards domestic inputs whereas ASEAN looks at open trade towards the same, ASEAN traders see Indian entrepreneurs as not firm in their management and too harsh negotiators(for example Thailand feels quite difficult to make long term economic relations with India, while India feels that ASEAN is closer to China than to India) are other challenges to be addressed.

    From ASEAN side, Challenge of balancing increased great power rivalries in the region,policy coordination and fragile ASEAN unity and cohesion remain other aspects that demand concerted effort.
    It is for India to revisit the past and move forward to ensure that days of glory are restored in a new world order. The climate is conducive for such a thrust due to the dynamics of the region which favour India more than China and channelised efforts would guide the benefits.

  • Hemand

    yeah .tht doesnt matter

  • Rhythm 2017

    but some people argue it is Evelyn Beatrice.
    if there is a historic confusion i don’t think then it really matters

  • Rhythm 2017

    i m sure

  • Upsc only@

    Happy New Year to all….!!

  • Hemand

    gd one. there are some disagreements regarding the said person of the first quote.u sure tht it is voltaire??

  • Jyoti Singh

    Thanks for your suggestion. I will definitely try not to write a point wise while writing for essay…..!!!

  • Hemand

    gd thoughts. try to avoid pointwise writing in essay

  • devmitra sen

    A very very prosperous,effective and successful New year 2017 to all of you…:) 🙂 🙂 🙂

    @forumias-7f07ca326ce76cdde680e4b3d568bce8:disqus -Big thanks for the fantastic initiative..All of you keep writin..amd keep developing your skills everyday..Read a lot and focus on being your best version of self..Rise higher than this examination and shed all worries of competition and result..Develop..Develop and consistently grow into a power in yourself..All the best for a great road and journey ahead this year! 🙂

  • Rhythm 2017

    roger that agent !

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Copy karl!👍

  • santanesque

    Thañk u

  • Karl Weber

    Hi, your introduction seems nice.
    Should have elaborated more on the examples that you have given. Like Rohingya. How is it a challenge ? A line or two about that should have made your essay more detailed.

    KWAR.

  • Karl Weber

    Hi thanks for the review.

    yes, should have done some more research.

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Write early as you can get more reviews …give some economic facts and figures . You can read recent documents for ASEAN to improve content

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Please mention act east policy of india too..

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Balanced essay, intro can be better , and conclusion needs improvement,body and connectivity is good

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Balanced👍

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Happy new year!
    Give some examples in context of india. Tell specific problems and achievements of dissent or revolution in context of indian democracy and conclude towards strengthened democracy that is done by dissent or revolts

  • Agent ColourBlind

    I will certainly work on it thanks👍

  • Monica Mohan

    Good one. I liked the intro with quotes. Good conclusion and a neat structuring. Keep writing. Great essay. I couldnt be critical.

  • Monica Mohan

    Thank you santanesque 🙂 sure I would take your suggestion and work on it !!

  • student716
  • Jyoti Singh

    Thank you so much. It really means a lot…..!!!

  • Karl Weber

    Nice. and better than your earlier ones.

    Touched various dimension this time.

  • Karl Weber

    India-ASEAN Relationship: Opportunities and Challenges.

    The Association of South East Asian Countries comprises of IPS BC MVMT Indonesia, Phillipines, Singapore, Brunei, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Thailand. The relation between India and the 10 ASEAN countries has been steadily growing after conceptualising India ASEAN Summit. It was also furthered by the process of changing economic and geopolitics in the world post cold war, the economic liberation that India went through in 1990.

    India has gradually transformed herself into an important partner to the South Asian Countries. India is now a special dialogue partner to ASEAN. They have 30 dialogue mechanism to function in the interest of the region.

    With other International group focused on Asia viz, Mekong Ganga Group, East Asia Summit, Asia Europe Summit, BIMSTEC, many of the south asian countries together with India have a close relation with each other.

    Also after the change in policy from Look East Policy to Act East Policy, the relation between the duo has been more focused than ever. Recently, North East ASEAN summit was held in Indian State of Manipur for inviting private investment in order to develop the north east India.

    Globally, the south china sea also has been a focus of various countries as China extends her power in the region. India, along with other ASEAN countries too, is concerned about the activities as more than 50% of India’s sea trade goes through the South China Sea. Phillipines, Vietnam too have raised voice against China on the issue. India has tied a close relation with Vietnam wherein both have a cooperative defense action.

    The recent visit of Indonesian President to India is also a positive depiction of the relation between the India and South Asian Countries where India has also raised the issue of global terrorism affecting the region and mentioned about no tolerance against any form of terrorism.

    However, with all these developmental activities, it has also been argued that India does not have much to get from the ASEAN countries as much as they get from India. As reported the oil and gas exploration by ONGC in the South China Sea in the neighbourhood of Vietnam on the their invitation, didn’t gain much apart from point a score against China.

    As the Chinese influence grows in the region, it becomes difficult for India to maintain good diplomacy but that has to be tackled through bilateral dialogues.

    Challenges might be also from the fact that India is mostly dependent on exporting services and not really much of other sectors are gaining.

    No matter what the challenges might be, India has always been a close socio-economic and cultural bonding with these 10 countries, That overpowers most of the little distortion existing in their relation. Being an Asian country, India has to be more focused on Asia. A close relation is always better than a long one.

  • santanesque

    matured thoughts and to the point
    dont confine to India only….bringing examples from the world would have made it more holistic…anyway very good
    plz review mine

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks!

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks..

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks.

  • Rhythm 2017

    very nice essay.
    one can tell the topic by reading the essay. Brilliant work. Content is superb
    suggestions include –
    write in more reader friendly and engaging language
    opportunities you can get a little country specific.
    and conclusion is also important. your essay ends abruptly

    Keep writing,
    please review mine too

  • santanesque

    thank u sir

  • santanesque

    thanks..

  • santanesque

    covered almost all aspects….just make the introduction a little bit attractive

  • Rhythm 2017

    thank you @forumias-7f07ca326ce76cdde680e4b3d568bce8:disqus

  • Rhythm 2017

    Hey @Rashi27:disqus
    thanks for the review ( tumhare to review (last one) bhi structured hote hain!)
    points duly noted and understood!
    kanhaiya ji (:P) ka example mine bhi socha tha but i avoid writing names in my writings.
    but acknowledge that must include more examples
    Thanks !

  • santanesque

    happy new year sir and all the forum members

  • Rhythm 2017

    and more examples !!
    thank you @monicamohan:disqus

  • Rhythm 2017

    Thank you @TRYONEMORETIME:disqus

  • Rhythm 2017

    nice essay @disqus_EQVJIg1G25:disqus
    I liked the struture of your essay.
    Content is good bt can be improved. for example you didn’t talk about the Cultural ties in opportunities. Greater emphasis on Indonesia can be included as it has similar history as India.
    Overall its a good one :).
    As they say there is always a scope of improvement.
    please review mine
    P.s.: I don’t think ASEAN is major land route of the world.

  • Refueled

    Thank u sir, same to you and your entire team 🙂

  • Monica Mohan

    Good coherence! It would have been better if you tried to come up with various challenges along with some strategies to turn them into opportunities for India. Good one. KWaR 🙂

  • Monica Mohan

    Thank you @TRYONEMORETIME:disqus I totally agree with you. I somewhere missed on being coherent w.r.t timeline. Thanks for reviewing and Happy new year 🙂

  • Monica Mohan

    Thank you for reviewing @disqus_KqExjF9ruh:disqus ! Yeah I realised it once I posted and read my answer as a reader! Thank you for being critical 🙂

  • Monica Mohan

    Great structuring ! Good coherence. Conclusion could have been short and Intro could have been improved but it is no less than a good one! 🙂 Happy new year 🙂 KWaR!

  • Jyoti Singh

    I totally agree with you. Practice makes a man perfect…..!!!

  • Happy New Year sir and everyone 🙂

  • Raashi

    Haha.. thanx for extra love 😉
    Awesome starting quote
    You can put in examples from contemporary times or int’t level or history.. e.g. in fearless environment, u can write colonial period dissent invited sedition charges and sadly even now at times like Kanhaiya kumar, against cartoonist, writers but not always so

    Nice essay.. this time i am unable to make a list like last time 😛
    Only thing you can work on is putting in more examples

  • Try one more time!

    Same problem with me….its natural but we can improve by writing more and more 🙂

  • Jyoti Singh

    Yes you are right. While writing i forgot about those facts…..!!!

  • Raashi

    Hahaha.. Happy new year to you too 🙂
    You are right.. noted down your points..

    Padti hu main aapka bhi essay 😀

  • Try one more time!

    Well written but in opportunity why restricted yourself only on military exercise you can also include BIMSTEC, BBIN and other regional initiative….also student exchange, historic connect etc

    Good amount of facts included but some recent topics like China growing influence on South China Sea, humanitarian crisis in Myanmar will give more freshness to your answer 🙂

  • Try one more time!

    One of the best answer in this topic…loved the flow of thoughts but need to structure a bit like you started with Gau-rashak which is current and then to jump back to swadeshi which is history…then again anti-defection which is current and to 124A IPC which is history…so rearranging passage will give more uniformity of essay…..keep writing and please review my essay as well 🙂

  • mahi returns

    thanks for ur review and suggestions

  • Try one more time!

    Loved it…well structured, nice points…Keep writing 🙂

  • Try one more time!

    India – ASEAN Relationship – Opportunities and Challenges

    When the world was under the threat of US-USSR cold war, when International Organization were not seeing to resolve the conflict between nation, with nuclear power on rise, with regional progress been hampered by global powers…..alone country is a reasonable threat for its border as well as its citizen. This gave rise to regional grouping, grouping of countries close to each other geographically, economically or historically. One such group was ASEAN, a group formed in 1967 to unite with the motive of economic development, secure borders, trade & investment, cultural exchanges.

    ASEAN:
    ASEAN is a group of 10 small countries situated around equator with close proximity to one another. The countries are Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, The Philippines. Group started with the objective of regional cooperation, trade prospects, security, growing imbalance in Asia, historical connection etc.

    It comprise of 3% of world area and 8% of world population. It is combined (ASEAN as one entity) sixth largest economy of world, shares land boundaries with India, China, Bangladesh, Nepal and many other countries in Asia and Pacific.

    Aim and purpose of ASEAN countries is
    * To accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural development.
    * To promote regional peace and Co-operation
    * To provide security and peace among ASEAN countries
    * To not interfere in other domestic affairs
    * To promote ASEAN studies, people-to-people connect, research facilities etc

    India & ASEAN:
    India under its look east policy started engaging with ASEAN in 1992. Being a leader in Non-Alignment Movement initially India was neutral to ASEAN and other such regional organization. India wanted to concentrate on domestic development and world peace i.e. not to involve in world politics. With 1991 reforms, India started looking toward regional group to increase trade, investment, co-operation, cultural exchanges etc.

    ASEAN see India as power balance in Asia against china and its growing control over Asian region. ASEAN and India started engaging normally on four field starting i.e. trade, investment, S&T and Tourism. Within no time India and ASEAN relation grew up and today India is attaining all ASEAN meeting, India is ASEAN dialogue partner, and also started relation in other areas like security, student exchange, people-to-people connect etc.

    India is connected to ASEAN historically having Indian rulers like Pandava, Chola having trade ties with ASEAN countries. India connected ASEAN countries through Buddhism and Hinduism as wellbeing largest hindu temple in Indonesia, Java. They still follow Buddhism and are very close to India. India also connected to ASEAN through Indian maritime routes like Mausam.

    Over the time, India have improved in trade and investment being Singapore 2nd largest FDI investor, Indonesia being 2nd largest exporter of crude palm oil. Most of Indian energy demands, raw medicinal requirement, and natural resources are met by ASEAN countries. India has close ties with Myanmar since both share boundaries.

    India and other ASEAN countries are also involved in various other initiative like BIMSTEC, BBIN, India-Thailand-Malaysia road transport etc. This will help in India getting more involved with ASEAN countries. India has also started providing trainings to their students by giving scholarship and seats in Indian premier institutes.

    India-ASEAN Opportunities:
    India and ASEAN being connected by various ways like religious, geographically, historically has huge opportunity with respect to trade, investment, security, co-operation, tourism, film industry, pharmaceuticals and other areas as well.

    During cold war most of the ASEAN countries where close to US and they termed India being a NAM country but inclined toward USSR due to which in initial phase we didn’t developed the correct relation which has been a roadblock till we started Look East policy.

    With India being world fastest growing economy, it is high time that we can re-start the regional connects with ASEAN so that it can have mutual benefits. ASEAN also see India has strong trading partner and bilaterally we have ties with most of ASEAN countries. We need to expedite the process of regional connect by starting more economic policies, Free Trade Agreements, Visa concession for more people-to-people connects and including them in other India viable projects.

    India also need to start the already initiated projects like BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative of Multi Sectoral Economic Cooperation) which will help in improved relation with regional players. India mostly depends on west Asia for its energy needs which is very volatile and any change in west Asia politics can affect India growth big time, in such case ASEAN seems to be a more stable option for meeting India’s energy need.

    Singapore has been India FDI partner for long time. Many Indian states have additional ties with Singapore eg AP city development contract. Indonesia is India’s 2nd largest trade relation among ASEAN, we can have more economic and cultural ties with them. Recently Indonesia, Singapore, The Philippines visited India which is a good sign and India should take all this as opportunities in increasing engagements with ASEAN countries

    India’s Make In India policy can help in increasing connects with ASEAN countries which will help in employment growth, infrastructure etc. India can also take help of ASEAN countries in securing its coastal boundaries from natural calamities like cyclones, earthquake etc as these countries are prone to this all and have developed good infrastructure.

    India – ASEAN Challenges
    ASEAN challenges currently being the China’s growing presence in their internal affairs and South China Sea (SCS) which many countries have historical claims. Even after International court of Justice gave its decision against China, China is not willing to remove its presence from SCS which is of serious tension for some of ASEAN countries. India has always vouched for solving issue through peace and co-operation. India being the 2nd largest country in Asia can act as a mediator to resolve the issue.

    ASEAN another current issue is humanitarian crisis in Myanmar region regarding minority group Rahingyas which are migrants from Bangladesh back 300 years. India has close ties with Myanmar and can help in resolving this issue peacefully which will help in improving its ties with Myanmar as well as improving its image of peaceful country.

    ASEAN and Indian are also facing other challenges with respect to human trafficking, drugs, HIV/AID, cross border terrorism etc which is today not only India’s issue but global. India should enhance its ties with ASEAN countries in improving this issues.

    India should start military exercise with these nations in order to improve its security as well as to enhance its own military experiences. India can have some military weapon development pact with ASEAN countries as well which includes technology transfer, indigenous weapon assemble & development etc.

    Conclusion:
    India and ASEAN even after having so many linkages right from history till today haven’t been so far successful as expected. As stated there are various reason to this but with growing globalisation one country cannot survive along and requires regional help in almost all domains. Indian security also depends on ASEAN stability, India’s economic growth also depends on its regional grouping growth and India’s cultural growth also much depends on ASEAN engagements.

    India should and must increase its ties with ASEAN as India has changed Look East policy to Act East policy. India should also expedite the on-going project which will help in getting more engagements from ASEAN countries and helping India’s growth in all domains.

  • Rhythm 2017

    Happy new year fellow aspirant!
    @Rashi27:disqus you did it again. Nice essay but totally different than mine.
    Your essay focuses mainly on the dissent expressed by the elected representative in the legislative houses.
    But according to me dissent can be expressed by anyone in a democracy like intellectuals, civil societies, and the minorities itself.
    I that terms in think your essay needs to be more holistic.
    Please review mine
    P.S: Ye Payal bade hoke kejriwal banegi !

  • ForumIAS

    Yes, linkage is important.

  • ForumIAS

    Keep writing. You write well!

  • ForumIAS

    Good!

  • ForumIAS

    True.

  • ForumIAS

    Try to involve other members. Ask them to review and give feedback.

  • ForumIAS

    That would be better Agent.

  • ForumIAS

    No issues. Ask others to review your answers 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Yes, efforts are in our hands. Results are not!

  • ForumIAS

    Agree.

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks.

  • ForumIAS

    HNY mahi.

  • Rhythm 2017

    Unthinkable thought — beautiful
    A nice writing
    But critically evaluating i think your essay needs to be more structured as to what follows what.
    You have given lot of example (both recent and historic) which is a good sign of awareness( thing i need to learn from you)
    You should have dwell more in the what makes dissent an act of faith.
    overall a nice essay – keep writing
    Please review mine

  • Rhythm 2017

    In a democracy, dissent is an act of faith
    I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to death your right to say it – Voltaire
    Dissent is one of the core values of democracy. Dissent gives life to the very institutions of democracy and it is dissent that helps in probing, improving, and judging the standards and maturity of any democracy.
    Just by being freely able to practice dissent by someone against the most powerful and responsible authorities in the democracy, two messages are immediately sent out:
    1. It is symbolic that her voice will be heard and not muscled.
    2. She is living in a fearless environment among tolerant leaders with an open mind for all vocal critiques.
    In a democracy, Dissent is an act of faith. In order to understand the greatness of this statement, it must be dealt in parts.
    What all comprises Dissent? In general, exhibition of disagreement from someone or something can be called as practice of dissent. It can be between individuals, between organizations, between lawyers, or between political parties.
    Why is dissent important? Dissent is essentially a practice of pointing out something that one doesn’t agree with and wants a change. It is only by expressing his views a deliberation can be initiated along those areas. Therefore the significance of dissent is not that it promises a change of conditions but it promises that initiation of deliberation for the change which is essentially the first step.
    In democracy, Dissent is an act of faith. It means that dissent in itself has an element of hope which drives it. It is this fundamental belief that democracy takes it power from the people itself, and that the people have the power to question and demand an answer from the responsible authorities. The faith must be kept alive by practicing dissent and understanding its importance.
    There are some essentials which keep this faith in dissent alive in a democracy. These essentials are characteristics or qualities which must be present in the democratic institutions. Lack of even one of these qualities can silence dissent. These qualities include:
    1. Fearless environment: One must be fearless for expressing his disagreement from the system. This is possible only when she is promised a fearless environment where she gets protection from the law. This is more essential in case of minorities expressing their dissent against the state or other powerful organisations, where it can be suppressed by the use of force or threat. Therefore a fearless environment must be the first characteristic of all the democratic institutions.
    2. Tolerant leaders: Anyone after expressing her dissent against the system or certain laws within the system, must be hopeful of the leaders that are responsible to allow her dissent to be acknowledged in good faith and must be given due attention. This is possible only if the responsible leaders or executives are tolerant towards questions that are raised against their actions which is reflected in the policies and laws of the country. Sometimes it is difficult to accept that certain laws or policies are not in the best interest of people or certain group, especially when much resources, time and money has been invested in it, but it is the tolerance towards other views and quality of being flexible which is more important.
    In India, recent allegations on the intolerant approach of the govt. was heavily criticized by the civil society on the issue who can decide on what actions can be taken as nationalistic and which will be termed as anti-national.
    Govt. must always be tolerant towards the views of the people of the country as the people of India or in any democracy are sovereign.

    3. Open mind: The dissent must be taken seriously by the responsible institutions of democracy and they must have an open mind towards solving any problem. Open mind essentially means being unbiased and open to suggestions from all the stakeholders. Such actions by the responsible authorities will increase the confidence of people in the institutions and generate a trust which is quintessential for the smooth running of the system.

    With these qualities in the democratic institutions of any democracy the faith in dissent will be sustained. But dissent as a mode of practice also requires some responsible actions from the side of people who are actually practicing dissent to get their voice heard.
    Being fearless doesn’t mean that dissent can take any form that has violent actions, causes loss of life and property, disrupting the law and order situation etc. Democracy is system of governance that derives its power from the people and anything that will originate from something will share the same DNA of its parent, therefore the system of government will reflect the type of society and people at large. It is the intellectuals of the society, civil activists, non-state actors, civil organisations that raise the protests and voice of the people against the laws or rules of the system. It is the responsibilities of the people in general and these organisations in particular to protest in a constitutional manner.
    For example the recent protest against the rampant corruption in India was one such movement where the dissent was expressed within a constitutional boundaries and forced the govt. to sit with the people and draft the ‘Lokpal bill’. On the contrary, a protest in the Haryana state of north India by Jat community to get reservation in the govt services got violent and led to loss of lives and loss of thousands of crores of property with no effective outcome.
    Therefore the act of dissent is certainly a reflection of vibrant and thriving democracy. It symbolizes a system where critiques are respected and are duly engaged in probing, improving and evolving with time. In any mature democracy dissent with a responsible reaction from the state is an essential part of good governance. But it must be coupled with responsible mode of exhibiting dissent by the people.

    word count : 994
    Happy new year to everyone and extra love for the reviewer. 🙂

  • varsha singh

    thanks for review

  • varsha singh

    WILL CERTAINLY WORK UPON YOUR SUGGESTION
    THANKS

  • Monica Mohan

    Good one. Good structuring. I suggest you to give a short and crisp conclusion so that the examiner would get a gist at the end after reading some 700-900 words. Also put the challenges first and then the room for growth so that it would appeal the reader that you are providing some suggestions to work on the challenges. Good one. KWaR 🙂

  • Try one more time!

    Happy New Year Sir 🙂 and to all ForumIas Students 🙂

  • Monica Mohan

    Good one. You could have brought about different dimensions in opportunities and also try to derive coherence so that it looks like a good flow of thoughts. It would make a difference between an essay and a GS answer. eg.: Like instead of writing just Oil and Gas Reserves in SCS, write how its an opportunity and what its challenges are. It is a good fact packed essay 🙂 KWaR

  • mahi returns

    well written u can try to include some points

  • mahi returns

    happy new year sir

  • Monica Mohan

    Good structuring. Challenges can be diversified just like you have done a good job in opportunities. You could have shortened a little on history and evolution by being brief and written a good conclusion. But otherwise, it is a good essay 🙂 KWaR !

  • Monica Mohan

    Thank you @gomathisekar:disqus ! 🙂

  • varsha singh

    thanks for giving your valuable time.
    ALL THE BEST

  • Agent ColourBlind

    I like your challenges part, keep enlighting!👍

  • varsha singh

    written very well
    addition of tourism scope in oppurtunity is appreciating,every point is good.
    please take care on improving your hand writing as it is difficult to read.
    review mine as well

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Give some real life example of recent indian revolutions, rest is good. I think u must improve the linkage part of all the essay.

  • Raashi

    Cool 🙂

  • Agent ColourBlind

    We give answers , from now we will give preparation status 👍

  • varsha singh

    review mine if you have some time suggestions are appreciated

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Ya iam new to essay writing. Gathering knowledge actually😊

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Happy new year.. may this year come up with rank

  • santanesque
  • Goms

    Explained in simple manner but nice to read keep writing

  • Monica Mohan

    Sorry @forumias-7f07ca326ce76cdde680e4b3d568bce8:disqus for a week’s break! Had to clear backlogs! Starting the new year with a new spirit(with no backlogs 😛 )

  • Monica Mohan

    IN DEMOCRACY, DISSENT IS AN ACT OF FAITH.

    What would have happened if world doesn’t know to disagree? Most of the people would say that there would be no conflicts. But the reality is that there would have been more unspoken miserable conflicts that could lead to disasters. All throughout the world, the voice of dissent has brought revolutions, an end to slavery, women to vote and a millions of “unthinkable” thoughts a reality.

    More often we do think that dissent is an unpatriotic and disloyal act. But as the popular saying goes, “Dissent is the highest form of patriotism”. Criticising an act of government sums up to doing service to the government because it helps the country rebuild. Recognising the significance of this, our constitution envisages the “Freedom of Speech and Expression” under Article 19.
    But many-a-times, we have been taught to say “yes” than a “no”. The freedom to stand up against the partiality of teacher, unethical discrimination of our grandparents towards Dalits, the art to sense individuality have rarely been a part of our socialization process. Freedom of thoughts exist when there is freedom of education. It is the education that would enable the young citizens of the country to evaluate, judge and discuss the stands of the nation. Thus by this freedom to defy and to voice opinion strengthens the “Individuality”.
    Individuality and the sense to accept diversity creates democracy and not Conformity. Conformity seeks homogeneity which could potentially limit the democracy. If the society relies on conformity, it only creates “intolerance” towards alien foot habits and create more Gau-rakshaks or instills Xenophobia or creates more Section 377s and thus leads to tyranny of majority. The essence of accepting individuality and dignity along with the freedom to speak up and express, Democracy a product of majority could effectively create a balance.
    If the act of disagreement was not prevailing, Democracy would not even have born. Swadeshi Movement and Satyagraha were the voices against Colonial rule in India which eventually lead to the formation of Indian Democracy. If Constituent Assembly did not have demurred on any Clause, We could all can imagine the fate of India post liberation. It is through the processes of Dissent, Deliberation and Consensus, the Constituent Assembly could give us a constitution which could drive a country for 67 years and more. Hence, it is not just the act of dissent that builds faith but the through the complete process to reach consensus.
    By “Consensus”, one must understand that it is not the undemocratic and irrefutable support through repression rather it must be an agreement to attain harmony. But this has not been a very successful implication in Indian democracy where Anti-Defection law expects an unequivocal response conforming to the Party’s directive and not voicing for Individuality. Also, this is not the only setback to voicing of dissent in Indian democracy.
    The age-old imperial law stated in Section 124A of Indian Penal Code and its frequent usage in modern India fails to understand that it is the criticisms that have shaped Independent India and it is the power of criticism made the British to pass Vernacular Act of 1878 and of protests that made them to leave the country. It should probably be seen as the failure of the nation to accept the Right to Dissent.
    India has not just retained Imperial laws that object dissent but also pass new laws that make Right to Dissent an unreachable thing. Foreign Contribution (Amendment) Act, 2010 had put a remarkable check on NGOs and other Civil Society Organisations including Student’s Union or any organisation that participates in political action. India must understand that Democracy is not possible without Dissent. But one must also remind oneself of words of Gandhi that, “True Swaraj depends on people’s ability, not to usurp authority, but to resist authority when it is abused.”
    Though Democracy provides the citizens the right to dissent, it must not be at the cost of collapsing democracy. The acts of insurgency by Separatists in North-East India and the recent Manipur Blockade are not the ways of exercising their right to dissent but just a creation of menace to common people of the land. It is not just the separatists who do not understand the right to dissent but the parliamentarians who presumably know the art of deliberation took to violent and undemocratic meanings of expressing dissent by misspending the Winter Session.
    As Thomas Jefferson puts it, “A little rebellion, now and then, is a good thing, and as necessary in the political world as storms in the physical”. It is through a little noise and a little rebellion, democracy instils faith in its citizens. Thus there is a need to understand the genuine utility of dissent, scrutiny and proposal of alternatives and deriving consensus which would strengthen the democratic fabric by putting aside the fervour of majoritarian.

  • Jyoti Singh

    Yes. I started writing essay as well…..!!!

  • Jyoti Singh

    Your essay is around 650 words. Nice attempt.Even i am not pro on essay writing.We will improve with the course of time. Sometimes efforts are more important than results…..!!!

  • In a democracy, dissent is an act of faith.

    Democracy as many sociologist is a social contract between the state and the citizens. The state promises certain rights and directives (Fundamental Rights and DSAP in India) and in turn expects certain duties which includes paying taxes and adhering to the rule of law. Democratic governments promote dissident and lone voices because they consider them to be the bed rock of the government institutions. These dissidents help in raising voices, critiquing the government and help in refining the state and they are protected by the Fundamental Rights of speech and association as prescribed in the Constitution of India. There is nothing backing these dissidents but the inherent trust and belief in the democratic institutions.

    Do dissidents strengthen democracy?

    As we have studied in Modern History concepts like socialism and democracy have developed over the years. French Revolution did not take place in 1779 alone but a series of events till 1852 which eventually developed the nation state into a true republic. Similarly the American Revolution was later strengthened by the Civil War in 1860s by the voices who were against slavery. These are examples that prove that in order to strengthen the government systems the role of dissidents and lone voices becomes paramount. Closer to home let us look at the Case of Pakistan. Benazir Bhutto, in her book Reconciliation mentions – it takes time for a democracy to strengthen itself and it needs the will and dedication of dissidents to make it stronger. Pakistan missed that train of dissidents and strengthening of democratic institutions because of repetitive military rule. The coup orchestrated by Ayub Khan, then Yaya Khan, Zia Ul Haque and later Musharraf prevented democracy to take root in the country. Due to this the country still suffers from lack of free media, power of dissidents and lone voices. Pakistan is a classic case of a democracy which could not shoulder the dissidents and is today run through military generals through proxies.

    Do dissidents strengthen democracy? – Case of India in 1977

    India has faced its fair share of state control during the emergency of 1975. Internal Security Act was passed by the GOI which prohibited public gathering. Scores of journalists and politicians were put into jails. Sanjay Gandhi led a campaign of forceful mass sterilisation to control population. The government tried to control the private enterprises through Bank Nationalisation and passing legislation related to property laws. 25th and the 42nd amendment tried to change the basic structure of the constitution. It make the executive more powerful than the judiciary and the Fundamental Rights under DPSP. However when she stepped down in hope of being democratically elected in 1977, public voted Indira Gandhi out. Democratic institutions and values of the country, the power of the dissidents fought back and our democracy was fixed to as it was fixed in November 1949. Though the Minerva Mill legislation the Supreme Court of India made once again FR above the DPSP and made it as part of the basic structure of the constitution. Supreme Court rightly observed that through the Fundamental Rights we preserve the dissidents and lone voices who are the source of power in the democracy. No government can change this basic for of Indian Constitution.

    Shortcoming of Indian Democracy

    Indian democracy if entwined in issues like corruption and society stratification. Today we live in a welfare state. India is a 2trillion$ economy today but limited seeds of this growth reached the poor. Some of the key challenges faced by India are as follows. One, rampant corruption in the government system. As pointed out by the Vohra Committee Report after the Mumbai Blasts a parallel government exists in India running in black money and corruption. This economy is supported by politicians, bureaucrats, mafia dons and journalists. Two, social stratification of the society is another big challenge. As pointed out by the Sachar Committee report the dismal state of minorities in India is alarming. Minorities have not been able to get the fruits of growth and development and live a substandard life today. Three, economic growth has been disproportionate in India. Today top 1% hold >50% of the total wealth of the country. Disproportionate growth has led to low adoption of technology and much of economy like services and agriculture is today practising their trade in manner as it was practiced pre 1947. Forth, lackadical attitude of the people, civil society and government. Today no cognitive dissonance exists among the people to improve.

    Power of the Dissidents paramount in bringing change

    Based on the key shortcoming mentioned above the role of dissidents becomes very important. These dissidents have the major role play in strengthening the Indian democracy and make the voices of the people heard. Herein I have tried to analyse case in point of three institutions – judiciary, NGOs and media. I have also tried to include shortcoming of the same. Judiciary in India plays a central role in keeping a check over the executive. As pointed above the role of judiciary war paramount in 1979 in the Minerva Mill case to restore the Fundamental Rights to the people of India. Judiciary function through PILs and empower people to approach the government in times of need. Judiciary both at state and central level protects fundamental rights. NGOs and Think Tanks have also been instrumental in challenging the government time to time.
    NGOs like Amnesty International and India Against Corruption have questioned the government on its policies. Amnesty International questioned the use of pellet guns in Kashmir (2016) and highlighted it on the global stage while IAC was instrumental in passing the Lokpal Bill. Many of the legislation like the Right To Information etc have been passed over the years because of the drive of dissidents. Media is another important factor that helps in voicing the opinion on the people. Today in the age of technology and Nano speed the power has become stronger over time. However these institutions that support Indian democracy have certain inherent flaws of corruption (Indian Media – Radia Tapes) or vested interest (Foreign Funding in NGO for forcible religious conversions). Therefore the dissident framework in the Indian democracy should function like a feedback self-correcting loop – dynamically changing as in when required.

    Conclusion

    As I have mentioned above democracy can be strengthening through two means – consistency in approach by protecting the dissidents and making social institutions like judiciary, NGOs and media stronger that keep protecting them and simultaneously evolving a self-correcting feedback loop. Today’s India demands stronger steps against society divisions, welfare scheme and upliftment of society and in doing so the voice of the criticism will be very important. Lone voices have to be instilled the importance and guarantee of Free Speech by the Indian institutions so that our democracy blooms as defined by the constitution. Today we will give voice to 60 cr youth entering into our demographic dividend therefore the set standard we put in front of them would set the precedence of our future growth model.

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks Goms! Keep writing and reviewing 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Good try 🙂 Jyoti. You are improving!

  • ForumIAS

    Same here. Thanks for the active participation!

  • ForumIAS

    Agree.

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks for the Review Jyoti. You start writing the Essay as well 🙂 and ask others to review.

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks for the Review Varsha.

  • ForumIAS

    Great. To get up to the mark, you have to write 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks!!

  • Goms

    Thanks varsha

  • Goms

    Thanks

  • varsha singh

    appreciating attempt
    nice INTRODUCTION,
    review mine as well
    ALL THE BEST, KWAR

  • Jyoti Singh

    Good Attempt…..!!!

  • Aspirant-upsc

    Happy New year sir to u and ur team .
    Keep motivating and guiding us .

  • Jyoti Singh

    India – ASEAN relationship: Opportunities and challenges.

    Introduction-
    ASEAN region has always been of strategic importance in the Asian continent.With members comprising of Indonesia,Malaysia,The Philippines,Singapore and Thailand which have been become distinctly noticeable in the world in recent times due to increasing trade amongst other reasons.Other countries such as Laos,Myanmar,Cambodia and Brunei joined the ASEAN or Association of South East Asian Nations over time.

    ASEAN was formed for accelerating growth,cultural development as well as ensuring political and economic stability in the region.India was looked at with suspicion when it wanted to join ASEAN because of its size and population,India -ASEAN partnership moved a step further when the coumtry become a sectoral dialogue partner of ASEAN.in 1992.These sectors included traTde,tourism as well as science and technology.ASEAN invited India to become a full dialogue partner in 1995.Over the years ,The country has signed packs with a number of countries which align the traiff in order to make it suitable for the East Asian countries as well.
    1 The Country is engaged in negotiations to form a Comprehensive Economic Co operation Agreement with
    Singapore.
    2 India’s most prominent trading partners including Malaysia and Singapore.The greater intra trade has also
    boosted tourism.
    3 The airlift of critical relief supplies to the victims of typhoon Haiyan in The Philippines has been lauded and
    there have been greater exchanges in Science and Technology including in space applications.
    4 The Biannual event in Milan which has been received very well by the participating nations also witnessed
    the passage exercise with nine warship from South and South East Asian naives by sailing out together.
    5 Myanmar will play an important role in the future of ASEAN not just as the chair but also as a major link
    both over land and through the surrounding sea.It is the only ASEAN country with which India shares land
    and maritime borders and therefore forms an important link in the security architecture over both land and
    sea.
    India- ASEAN relations have witnessed remarkable growth in recent years.The relationship is set to deepen in days to come as the two sides step up their collaboration across a range of economic and strategic issues,including trade and connectivity,culture.
    with ASEAN and India working towards establishing a comprehensive Free Trade Area through the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership their Co operation will be key to promoting political stability and economic prosperity in our shared region

    Opportunities-

    1 Bilateral Exercise- It is clear that the navies of the ASEAN countries ase as enthusiastic about conducting
    bilateral exercises with India which is engaged in building a blue water navy whic is the strongest navy in the
    Indian Ocean Region.These have contributed immensely in establishing standard operating procedure for
    inter operability while working together for facing both conventional and unconvetional threats.
    * SIMBEX (Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise)-The name SIMBEX as the name suggests has been
    conducted regularly enabiling the navies to learn from each other.
    2 Multilateral Exercise- Multi nation Exercise with navies of Singapore,Vietnam,Thailand,Malaysia,Indonesia
    Brunei and The Phillipines are conducted since 1995 is beig conducted biennially in the Bay Of Bengal.This
    is hosted by the Indin Navy.
    Some of the Bilateral Exercise;
    * Indo Thai Co ordinated patrol
    *Indo – Indonesia Co prdinated Patrol
    3 Defence Production- Most of the south east asian countries are increasing their defence spending and are
    laying greater emphasis on indigenous production.There have also been constant efforts to obtain
    technology by the offset procedures and transfer of technology options form major arms producer.

    It appears that there would be additional engagements in the ASEAN whic can be indentified as the centre of
    gravity in newly defined INDO PACIFIC area.

    Challenges-
    Economic integration could potentially combine to produce opportunities to ASEAN countries however it could also generate challenges namely higher costs related to implementing economic integration across such economically and culturally diverse countries.ASEAN is an economic region which has diverse pattern of economic development .The majority of ASEAN countries are categorized as low middle income countries where as few are positioned better economically.

    1 M -SAR(Maritime Serach and Rescue)- ASEAN could tkake a lead and through the ASEAN Rgional Forum
    to work on a model to enhance the surveilance and search and keeping in mind the capacity and capability
    to integrate all the surveilance means available in the region.
    2 Illegal Immigration/Human Trafficking- The Countries of ASEAN and INdia could work on an arrangement to
    have preventive measure to ensure that innocent people are not exploited by the greedy ones.
    3 Marine Pollution-ASEAN seas where human interference and scales of neglect to the environment have
    resulted in severe impact to the ecological balance of the seas around many areas.There is need to
    engage ASEAN on this scors to bring about regional checks and balances to retain the delicate balance
    of nature.
    6 Anti Piracy Missions- The spate of piracy attacks in the recent months is a matter of grave concernto all the
    maritime nations who are dependent on the safe passage through such choke points for sustaining and
    promoting sea bone trade.

    Conclusion-
    While we recognise that the ASEAN -India economic relationship has grown remarkably.There is immense potential to grow the relationship further through both trade and investment and by India integrating into the Asian value chain .India and ASEAN need to shift in the Maritime Domain to revist the glory of the past and rewrite the future.

  • varsha singh

    nice essay
    but it can be improved,challenges and conclusion could be more better
    Keep writing and reviewing

  • Goms

    Wish you happy new year to all

  • Goms

    Introduction nice.keep writing

  • Raashi

    Preparation: at times, it seems well but other time it feels like going nowhere..

    And im normally active on mains marathon too except last 2-3 days.. i felt i was not writing up to the mark 😐

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks Raashi.

  • Raashi

    Happy new year to you too sir and everyone here 🎉🎉

  • varsha singh

    thanks for review
    will try to improve

  • Raashi

    Awesome essay..
    U can add historical linkage with south east asia in intro or conclusion. Also, cultural linkage-Buddhism

  • varsha singh

    I am promising that I will bring a very good rank and will give the credit to FORUMIAS for the mystry of my success

  • ForumIAS

    Thanks a lot! Wishing all a fresh new start 🙂

  • varsha singh

    same to you keep up your good work. FORUM is the only support of our preparation.

  • ForumIAS

    We are lucky that we get to have a second chance, so be grateful and live life to the fullest. Have a joyous Happy New Year! Study Hard and give us a Rank 🙂

    https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/d0cda1db6f158a39c785d87114f6cb9ad3d483f1341f86def45cf4349b20d4b5.jpg

  • varsha singh

    continuity is lacking in your essay improvement can be done anyhow u have written well
    review mine also

  • ForumIAS

    🙂

  • Goms

    Thanks to forumias

  • Raashi

    Thank you varsha 🙂

  • Raashi

    Thanks to you sir for the forum and encouragement 🙂

  • varsha singh

    well tried, nice essay.
    ALL THE BEST

  • Raashi

    😂😂

  • ForumIAS

    Awesome Review Raashi! Thanks. Scope of improvement is there for Agent.
    How is preparation going on? Give your feedback on Mains Marathon Daily questions as well 🙂

  • varsha singh

    review mine also

  • Raashi

    Nice essay..
    U can give it a narrative style.. and can start better so that reader remains glued to it
    Structuring can be improved.. like u suddenly jumped from vietnam to history
    Challenges- infrastructure connectivity is also a challenge which i think you missed..
    U could have written about north east insurgencies also

    Anyways.. try and build narrative style 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Good answer Raashi. Thanks for writing good answers consistently!

  • ForumIAS

    Yes, Agree with varsha. You can improve 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Others: Review as well!

  • ForumIAS

    It’s a good Essay!

  • ForumIAS

    Others: Kindly review this answer as well.

  • varsha singh

    well written but it seems like answer of GS question improvement can be done.
    ALL THE BEST, KEEP WRITING
    REVIEW MINE ALSO

  • ForumIAS

    Kindly review other answers also.
    Peer Review is the best review 🙂 Ask others to review your answers as well 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Intro is good mahi. But, you can still improve 🙂 Keep writing and reviewing other answers!

  • varsha singh

    thank you sir

  • ForumIAS

    Goms rocks it seems. Nice reviews 🙂 Thanks!

  • Raashi

    Thank you goms 🙂

  • Raashi

    Thank you sir.. Any tips or points how and where to improve?? Plz

  • ForumIAS

    Yup.

  • ForumIAS

    Intro is nice. You can further improve as well 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Good review,

  • ForumIAS

    Well tried. You can further improve 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Others: Kindly review 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Keep writing.

  • ForumIAS

    Well tried.

  • ForumIAS

    Cool. Be regular now 🙂

  • ForumIAS

    Good. Keep writing.

  • Agent ColourBlind
  • Goms

    Review mine @forumias .this is my 1st essay

  • Goms

    Well written .nice example .

  • Goms

    India -ASEAN relationship : Opportunities and Challenges

    India’ s focus on a strengthened and multi faceted relationship with ASEAN is an outcome of the significant changes in the world’ s political and economic scenario since the early 1990 and India’s own March towards economic liberalisation .
    The association of South East Asian nation comprises of Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines ,Malaysia,Brunei,Thailand,Cambodia,Lao pdr,Myanmar, Vietnam.

    History and evolution of India-ASEAN relation :

    After the independence in 1947,India followed a policy of Non aligned most and became a champion of decolonisation including in southeast Asia. However,during the 19th India’s perceived tilt towards the Soviet union led southeast Asia to drift away from India as both followed different economic and political ideologies.
    In a major shift away from the policies of cold war era,India adopted the look east policy soon after the economic liberalisation in 1991 to increase economic and commercial ties with east and south East asean nation such as China. Over the years the policy as also concentrated on building closer ties on the strategic and security aspect in the region.
    India relations with ASEAN is a key pillar of our foreign policy and the foundation of our act east policy

    Opportunities:
    The major consequences of India’s engagement with ASEAN as been the india,asean free trade agreement which was seen as an essential step towards deeper economic integration
    India was accorded full ASEAN dialogue partner status in 1995 followed by its membership in the ASEAN regional forum.The ASEAN INDIA relation soon broadened it’s cooperation into political as well as in security india also join the east asean summit in 2005
    In 2012 asean and india commemorated 20 years of dialogue partnership and 10 years of summit level partnership with asean with commemorative summit in new Delhi under the theme “ASEAN INDIA PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE AND SHARED PROSPERITY ”
    India’s engagement with the ASEAN and wider Asia Pacific region as acquired for the momentum following the enunciation of the “ACT EAST POLICY “at the 12th asean india summit and 9th east Asia summit in Myanmar

    25th anniversary of asean india relation:
    India and Asean would observe 25 years of the dialogue partnership 15 years of summit level interaction and 5 years of strategic partnership in 2017 by undertaking wide range of activities on both asean and india

    Plan of action:
    As a reflection of the interest of asean and india to intensify there engagement,the asean indian partnership for peace,progress and shared prosperity which sets out the road map for long term asean indian engagement was signed at 3rd asean india summit in 2004 on Vietnam

    Economic:
    India is one of the strategic partner of asean.with a total population of 1.8 billion and combined GDP of $3.8 trillion,asean and Europe together form an important economic space in the world

    Geo political:
    India expects to benefit geo politically as well from its regenevated affinity with asean and other regional countries.india attempted to demonstrate it’s ability to play a dynamic role in the region.india send a strong signal to China by mentioning the importance of maintaining freedom of navigation in the south China Sea

    Maritime importance :
    Freedom of navigation in the south China seas is essential for india in order to ensure that it’s sea bound trade continues and interrupted
    Asean is importsnce for extending cooperation in areas such as maritime security including freedom of navigation ,drug,trafficking and cyber crime

    Security aspect:
    There are diverse area and which india and asean are jointly working example: non traditional security threads such as terrorism,human and drug trafficking cyber crime and piracy in Malacca Strait

    Connectivity aspect:
    The envisaged highway and rail connectivity to energy giant like Nepal and Myanmar and further to Thailand will improve people to people contact that enhancing the sphere of economic cooperation and interdependence

    Energy security:
    Asean countries particularly Myanmar,Vietnam and Malaysia can potentially contribute to India’s energy security
    Oil and natural gas deposits in south China Sea

    Trade relation with asean:
    Trade between india and asean in 2015 and 2016 conclusion of in balanced regional comprehensive economic partnership (reception agreement will further boost our trade and investment ties with the region

    Recently signed agreement :
    Various agreement signed between india and Vietnam in field of IT,SPACE ,DOUBLE TAXATION AND SHARING while shipping information
    India and Laos air service agreement
    MoU signed between india and Myanmar in power sector, banking supervision
    India Indonesia bilateral maritime exercise
    Me Kong gangs cooperation for future trade and investment cooperation in the region (india, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam)

    Challenges:
    a) Increasing influence of China in Cambodia, Myanmar and Laos. In reception also China will dominate
    b) Countries like Indonesia are emerging as big powers in the region and two powers can not coexist in same region
    c) Inconsistent relations with countries like Brunei and Cambodia
    d) Increasing Philippines new president Interest in China

    ASEAN is full of opportunities .India has a huge market there Vietnam is one of the largest importer of India’s meet exports.india needs to prioritize it’s interests.also,Myanmar is the gate to asean countries. Perpetuating good relations with Myanmar is of utmost importsnce

  • Raashi

    Thanks for you 🙂
    Its almost 1000 words (approx count)
    Thanks for additional points 🙂

  • mahi returns

    please kindly review

  • mahi returns

    Introduction:
    ASEAN is a regional group promoting regional cooeration among its member countries in social,economic and political fields.Five countries in 1967signed “BANGKOK DECLARATION” to form Association of South East Asian Nations and later another 5 countries joined it and now total 10membercountries. Indonesia,Malaysia,Philippines,Singapore,Thailand,Brunei,Cambodia,Laos,Vietnam,Myanmar are the members.Head Quarters of ASEAN is at Jakarta,Indonesia.It is a common platform to resolve Bilateral issues among the themselves and to present a collective front to the world.
    INDIA-ASEAN RELATIONS:
    India started engaging with ASEAN in 1990.as a developing economy it has many opportunities and challenges.
    OPPORTUNITIES:
    STRATEGICAL:
    1.ASEAN Nations had a network of intersection of major land and sea routes
    2.Future architecture of Asia is going to be shaped by India,China and U.S.
    3.Maritime boundary dispute of china with ASEAN countries over south china sea may turn those nations to approach India as a counter balancing power to china.
    4.India needs to establish itself as a regional super power before turning it self a Global power ASEAN helps India in this context.
    ENERGY:
    1.ASEAN Countries like Myanmar,Vietnam and Malaysia can potentially contribute to India’s energy security.
    2. Oil and Natural Gas deposits in the south china sea.
    3.India and several ASEAN countries are net importers of hydrocarbon.they need to develop alternative energy sources .But R&D in Renewable need truck load of cash so refgional cooperation is necessary.
    ECON0MY:
    1.INDIA -ASEAN in terms of Income are roughly equal to EU.
    2.INDIA-ASEAN in terms of trade INDIA ASEAN community NAFTA.
    3.India’s fourth largest trade partner after EU,US,China.
    4.Faster growing markets than the rest of the world due to its demographic profile and growing market for Goods and Services.
    5.Linkage provides for large scale movement of people,capital,ideas and creativity.
    6.Indian coastal states are planning to increase maritime links with ASEAN to boost their own trade and economy.
    7.Union Government is also building infrastructure in northeastern states,so they can engage commerce with ASEAN countries.
    CHALLENGES:
    Though there are many opppotunuties there are also some challenges.some of them are as follows:
    1.High costs to implement economic integration across such such culturally and economically diverse countries.
    2. The majority of ASEAN countries are categorized as low middle income
    countries, whereas a few are positioned better economically. The
    existing income inequality gap among some of the ASEAN countries could
    become even wider post AEC integration.
    3.Some ASEAN countries have high inflation rates. This could result in
    dissimilar price levels and unequal purchasing power across ASEAN member
    countries, giving some countries the ability to purchase more goods of
    another member country.
    4.Many of the ASEAN economies are currently in vastly different stages of
    development, with large differences between high-saving economies, such
    as Brunei, Malaysia, and Singapore, and low-saving economies, such as
    Cambodia, Laos, and the Philippines.
    5.There is the possibility of witnessing highly disparate levels of
    economic development, interest rates, and exchange rates across member
    countries. As a result, governments could face some challenges in
    stabilizing macroeconomic and financial conditions under an integrated
    economic system.
    6.ASEAN member countries have disparate existing levels of capital market
    development and financial regulations. Some of the ASEAN member
    countries do not have the appropriate financial sector regulation.
    7.We can expect that there will be challenges associated with capital
    market development, financial services liberalization, capital account
    liberalization, and an eventual ASEAN currency cooperation.
    8.Though India has opportunities to become counter balancing power as alternative to china same china is posing threat to India by its good relations with Pakistan and Nepal through One belt-One road and CPEC so it must be overcomed by India.
    Conclusion:
    though there are many challenges as well as opportunities India which is aiming to be a global power in both economic and political fields need to have good relations with all fast growing economies and developed countries.

  • Agent ColourBlind

    Nice start raashi. A bit short in length. Valid examples you have given, please focus on dissent and faith also. I mean how dissent restores faith. Like example of anna aandolan and rise of aam aadmi party

  • varsha singh

    ASEAN was formed in 1967 and its founding fathers had envisioned an organization which would include all the ten countries of Southeast Asia (SEA). It began with five Southeast Asian states (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand); and others including the LMCV countries (Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam) joined later. An eleventh country, East Timor, is yet to be granted membership. The SEA countries are diverse and at varying stages of development- with Singapore at the forefront and Myanmar still a least developed country (LDC). The emergence of India from a gloomy to a glowing position in the global arena, coupled with a number of virtues like enormous size, huge population, convenient geostrategic location, progressive military might, meteoric economic growth inspired various states including South-East Asian nations to devise collaborative ties with India.India-ASEAN relations are a reflection of the complementariness of interests between the two entities. As India chooses to embark on a benign projection of its rising power, it has become imperative to chart a foreign policy commensurate with its ambitions in Asia and the world. For India’s power to be accepted in the Asian Continent, it needs to look beyond its immediate neighbours in the sub-Continent, and diversify and cement its relations mainly with the South-East Asian nations, the very essence of its Look East Policy and its continuing effort to sustain and improve ties with a regional body like ASEAN.
    Why ASEAN important for India?
    strategically ASEAN nations are at the intersections of major land and sea routes.The Future architecture of Asia is going to be shaped by the US, China and India.Maritime boundary disputes between China and a number of ASEAN countries; claims over South China Sea hence those ASEAN countries look towards India as a counterbalance against China.For India, a stronger posturing at ASEAN provides its stature as a global power. After all, without becoming a strong regional player first, we cannot dream of becoming global power!
    In terms of Energy ASEAN countries, particularly Myanmar, Vietnam and Malaysia can potentially contribute to India’s energy. Oil and natural gas deposits in the South China Sea region.India and several ASEAN countries are net importers of hydrocarbon. They need to develop alternative energy sources. But R&D in renewable =need truckload of ca$H hence regional cooperation essential for financing those projects. In terms of income, India-ASEAN community is roughly the size of the EU. In terms of Trade, India-ASEAN community NAFTA.The ASEAN is India’s fourth-largest trading partner after the EU, the US and China.
    India – ASEAN is slated to grow faster than the rest of the world due to a favorable demographic profile and growing market for goods and services.India’s trade relations are shifting from West economies towards the East, comprising of Japan, China, Korea and ASEAN. India-ASEAN linkage provides for large-scale movement of people, capital, ideas and creativity.The coastal states: West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu are looking to rebuild maritime links with ASEAN nations to boost their own trade and economy.Union government is also building infrastructure while in the Northeastern states so they can engage in commerce with South East Asian nations. Pandemics and disease are no longer limited to national boundaries and have assumed a trans-national dimension. SARS and H1N1 virus have in recent times afflicted the region. Hence cooperation is essential between India-ASEAN.
    OPPURTUNITIES
    The current economic relationship between India and ASEAN countries presents a multitude of industrial, commercial, and investment opportunities. India has welcomed ASEAN’s plans to establish economic and political relationships with neighboring nations, and India and ASEAN have increasingly supported bilateral trade, promoted foreign investment, and strengthened diplomatic relations.Bilateral trade between India and ASEAN totaled US$80 billion in 2014, up ten billion from 2012 and increasing by an average annual rate of 23 percent over the past decade. A large portion of India and ASEAN’s surging economic and political relationship can be accredited to two things: India’s “Act East” policy, which reaffirmed India’s plans to engage more substantially with the economies of its Southeast Asian neighbors; and rising business optimism within ASEAN, as outlined in the latest ASEAN Business Optimism Index by Dun & Bradstreet.
    Singapore
    Singapore is India’s strongest connection to the ASEAN market, accounting for 25.9 percent of all of India’s trade with ASEAN from 2013-2014. The city state has also benefited economically from its tight relationship with India, from which it imported USD 7.1 billion in 2014.
    Vietnam
    Vietnam and India have also sought to strengthen their economic and political standing. Vietnam’s 2014 renewal of Indian oil blocks in the South China Sea is indicative of improved diplomatic and defense relations between the two nations.
    The economies of India and Vietnam are anticipated to increasingly rely on one another for trade in the upcoming years.
    Indonesia
    India and Indonesia’s economic relationship has grown exponentially in recent years. After signing a double taxation agreement (DTA) in 2012, bilateral trade between the two countries totaled US$20 billion. In 2012, the Indian embassy in Jakarta launched the India Business Forum, in which Indian business owners committed to further interaction with the Indonesian market.
    Room for Growth
    It remains to be seen how the ASEAN region will respond to India’s recent initiatives to improve economic and political relations. Although the last several years have seen considerable development in India-ASEAN relations, there is further room in these markets for significant growth in the coming years.
    Industries like automobiles, gems and jewellery have seen some integration between India and ASEAN nations. The recently implemented investment agreement along with the ‘Make in India’ initiative should help such integration, targeting sectors like electronics and pharmaceuticals. India’s trade advantage as an exporter of professional services and IT-related services should see greater exports with the implementation of the services agreement.
    CHALLENGES
    There are varied challenges which India and ASEAN have to focus in respect of the narrower aspect of relations between the two and in the wider international dimensions. The world is today integrating very fast and every country is forced to face the challenges emerging out of new social,economic and political developments. The major challenges before India and ASEAN relations can be summarised under three main heads (a) Security Challenges which comprise of the increasing threat arising out of Chinese encirclement of India, the rising Terrorist networking and the security threats from violent seapiracy.(b) the economic challenges emerging out of the globalization in which the increasing free trade between India and
    ASEAN may harm the interests of marginal farmers and small businessmen on the two sides.(c) the non-security challenges constitute the third part. Here issues like drug trafficking, illegal migration, human trafficking and spread of HIV/AIDS and environment degradation etc. can pose some serious challenges
    before the two sides. Terrorists hijacking a huge oil or gas tanker and exploding it in mid-sea or in a major port in order to cause huge human, material and environmental damage is a serious challenge which needs to be tackled by India and ASEAN. The Indian domestic industry must be prepared to face the challenge of cheap imports from ASEAN flooding the Indian Market. Even without this FTA, India faces large trade deficits with Indonesia and other ASEAN countries. There are concerns that the FTA will adversely affect India’s trade balance with some of the ASEAN countries. A few countries like China will route their products into India through ASEAN as the China-ASEAN FTA is operational.
    CONCLUSION
    Each ASEAN nation has its own characteristics – some are supportive of India, some are predominantly Muslim, some are economically more developed then India, some are underdeveloped and one is a close neighbor influencing the security of India. Hence India should tailor the bilateral relations with every country in different way to suit the requirements of that particular country and that of India. ASEAN and EAS hold great promise for India. Adequate interaction with these groupings will result in better integration with this region and facilitate India economic development. Indian businesses which are looking to go global will get huge markets in other countries. They will be able to export their goods and get a market share because of low tariffs due to the pacts, agreements and FTAs. Although foreign companies will also get this advantage but Indian companies will be able to compete with these because of their competitiveness. CMI and emerging FTAs / RTAs between Asian countries provide foundations for a broader and more ambitious initiative to take the existing India-ASEAN relationship to a higher level, like an Asian Economic Community, which constitutes ASEAN, China, Japan, Korea and India as member countries. Such a community would be roughly the size of the European Union in terms of income, and bigger than NAFTA in terms of trade. It would account for half the world’s population and it would hold foreign exchange reserves exceeding those of the EU and NAFTA put together. This can give a greater push to Indian growth.

  • Raashi