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[Solution] – The 10 PM Daily Quiz – 6 July, 2016

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We posted 6 questions in 10 PM Daily Quiz on 6 July, 2016. Thanks for the amazing response. These questions will help you polish concepts based on current affairs. In case you have not attempted them, please attempt them by clicking below.


Q.1) Which of the following restrictions are mentioned in Article 19 (2) for freedom of speech and expression?

  1. the security of the State
  2. friendly relations with foreign States
  3. Morality

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer:-d

Explanation:-

Article 19(2) in The Constitution Of India

(2) Nothing in sub clause (a) of clause ( 1 ) shall affect the operation of any existing law, or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub clause in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence.


Q.2) Consider the following statements

  1. Sulphur, a natural part of the crude oil from which diesel fuel is derived, is one of the key causes of particulates or soot in diesel.
  2.  Soot is the main culprit of diesel engines’ noxious black exhaust fumes, and is among the prime contributors to air pollution.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both are correct
d) Neither is true

Answer-c

Explanation:-

What is Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel (ULSD) fuel?

  • In a nutshell, it’s cleaner diesel. Ultra low sulphur diesel fuel has been refined so that its sulphur content is 15 parts per million (ppm) or less.
  • This is 97 percent cleaner than the standard highway-use diesel fuel sold in the US, which contains an average of 500 ppm of sulphur.
  • Sulphur, a natural part of the crude oil from which diesel fuel is derived, is one of the key causes of particulates or soot in diesel.
  • Soot is the main culprit of diesel engines’ noxious black exhaust fumes, and is among the prime contributors to air pollution.
  • The move toward ULSD is aimed at lowering diesel engines’ harmful exhaust emissions and improving air quality.

Q.3) Under the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995,  the state’s obligation is to provide them at least what cent reservation in public sector jobs to the disabled citizens?
a) 10%
b) 8%
c) 5%
d) 3%

Answer-d

Explanation:-

  • The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 was enacted to fulfill India’s obligations under the ‘Proclamation on the Full Participation and Equality of the People with Disabilities in the Asia and Pacific Region’.
  • Under the act,  the state’s obligation is to provide them at least three per cent reservation in public sector jobs.

Q.4) The 13th major port of India will be set up in which of the following states?
a) Tamil Nadu
b) West Bengal
c) Gujarat
d) Karnataka

Answer-a

Explanation:- Click here.


Q.5)  Consider the following statements regarding National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS)

  1. Union Government will directly share 35% of the total stipend payable to an apprentice with employers.
  2. Union Government will bear the 50% of the total expenditure incurred on providing basic training to an apprentice.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both are correct
d) Neither is true

Answer-b

Explanation:-

  • It will be implemented by Director General of Training (DGT) under the aegis of Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
  • Union Government for the first time will provide financial incentives to the employers to engage apprentices. Union Government will directly share 25% of the total stipend payable to an apprentice with employers.
  • In addition, Union Government will also support basic training which is considered an essential component of apprenticeship training. Union Government will bear the 50% of the total expenditure incurred on providing basic training to an apprentice.

Q.6) Consider the following statements regarding NASA’s Juno spacecraft

  1. Juno is the first mission designed by NASA to see beneath Jupiter’s clouds.
  2. The spacecraft was launched by NASA as part of its New Horizons program.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both are correct
d) Neither is true

Answer-a

Explanation:-

  • NASA’s Juno spacecraft has successfully entered into the orbit of Jupiter on 4th July 2016 and started orbiting solar system’s most massive planet. The spacecraft was launched by NASA as part of its New Frontiers program in 2011 to study Jupiter’s composition, gravity field, magnetic field, and polar magnetosphere.
  • The unmanned spacecraft has been named after the Roman goddess Juno, the wife of Jupiter who is considered as the god of the sky in ancient Greco-Roman mythology.
  • Juno is the first mission designed by NASA to see beneath Jupiter’s clouds. It has travelled 2.7 billion kilometres since its launch to reach Jupiter.
  • The mission previously was been referred to by the backronym JUpiter Near-polar Orbiter.
  • Jupiter is solar system’s most massive planet and is fifth from the sun after Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars.
  • It is known for its Great Red Spot because of a storm (bigger than size of Earth) that has been raging for hundreds of years.
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