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[Solutions] History and Culture Quiz #12

thursday-solution

[Solutions]

Q.1)Who was known also as ‘Kingmakers’ in the later Mughal Period?

a)Zulfiqar Khan

b)Sayyid Brothers

c)Imad-ul-malik

d)Imtimad-ud-daula

Ans-[B]

Explanation-Sayyid Brothers were known as Kingmakers. The term ‘Sayyid Brothers’ refers to Syed Hassan Ali Khan Barha and Syed Hussain Ali Khan Barha , who were powerful Mughal Army generals of the Mughal Empire during the early 18th century. The Sayyid Brothers became highly influential in the Mughal Court after Aurangzeb’s death and became kingmakers during the anarchy following the death of emperor Aurangzeb in 1707.They created and dethroned Mughal Emperors at their will during the 1710s. Aurangzeb’s son Bahadur Shah I defeated his brothers to capture the throne with the help of Sayyid Brothers and Nizam-ul-Mulk, another influential administrator in the Mughal court. Bahadur Shah I died in 1712, and his successor Jahandar Shah was assassinated on the orders of the Sayyid Brothers.

 

Q.2)First Anglo Mysore war resulted in

1.English defeating Hyder Ali

2.Hyder Ali subjugated but not crushed

3.Hyder Ali dictated terms of peace

4.Hyder Ali defeated united front of English, Maratha and Nizam

a)2 and 3

b)2, 3 and 4

c)Only 3

d)3 and 4

Ans-[C]

Explanation-The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in South India over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other. Hyder Ali and his successor Tipu Sultan fought a war on four fronts with the British attacking from the west, south and east, while the Marathas and the Nizam’s forces attacked from the north. The fourth war resulted in the overthrow of the house of Hyder Ali and Tipu (who was killed in the final war, in 1799), and the dismantlement of Mysore to the benefit of the East India Company, which won and took control of much of India .

 

Q.3)How do you distinguish between Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam dances?

1. Dancers occasionally speaking dialogues is found in Kuchipudi dance but not in Bharatanatyam.

2. Dancing on the brass plate by keeping the feet on its edges is a feature of Bharatanatyam but Kuchipudi dance does not have such a form of movements.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans-[A]

Explanation- Dancing on brass plate is a feature of Kuchipudi and not Bharatnatyam. Statement 1 is correct.

 

Q.4)Which of the following musical instruments is / are composite or Indo-Islamic in origin ?

1. Sitar

2. Shehnai

3. Tabla

4. Sarangi

Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1, 3 and 4 only

c) 2, 3 and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Ans-[B]

Explanation-

Answer: [Shehnai is not composite or Indo-Islamic in origin.]

http://chandrakantha.com/articles/indian_music/sitar.html

 

Q.5)Nāstika (heterodox) schools don’t draw upon the Vedas as the sole primary authoritative text. Which among the following doesn’t belong to Nastika School of thoughts?

a) Charvaka

b) Jainism

c) Buddhism

d) Shaktism

Ans- [D]

Explanation- Three other nāstika (heterodox) schools don’t draw upon the Vedas as the sole primary authoritative text, but may emphasize other traditions of thought. The nāstika schools are:

1. Cārvāka

2. Jainism

3. Buddhism

While Charvaka is classified as a nāstika school, Buddhism and Jainism are also classified as nāstika religions since they do not accept the authority of the Vedas.

 

Q.6)Consider the following reforms:

1. Establishment of Board of Revenue at Calcutta to supervise revenue collection

2. Establishment of Civil and Criminal Courts

3. Abolition of Dastaks

Which of the above mentioned reforms were brought by Warren Hastings?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans-[D]

Explanation- When Warren Hastings assumed the administration of Bengal in 1772, he found it in utter chaos. The financial position of the Company became worse and the difficulties were intensified by famine. Therefore, Warren Hastings realized the immediate need for introducing reforms.

 

Q.7)Which among the following do not feature in the list of UNESCO’s intangible cultural heritage

a) Ramlila

b) Thatheras

c) Sankirtana

d) Bharatnatyam

Ans-[D] 

Explanation – Apart from Bharatnatyam all other fall under the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage.

 

Q.8)With reference to Civil disobedience movement, consider the following statements.

1. It was launched to remedy the wrongs of Government of India act of 1919.

2. There was deliberate violation of law.

3. Women were involved in picketing liquor shops.

Select the incorrect statement using the codes given below

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 2 only

Ans -[B]

Explanation – Non cooperation movement was launched to remedy the wrongs of GoI act 1919, not CDM.

 

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  • Sandeep Kumar

    thank you for sharing these questions … really helpful…!!!!!

  • MD47

    @ForumIAS
    I think Answer of 2nd should be D not C
    Please correct me if I am wrong