Q.1 Post liberlization period has witnessed which of the following:
a) Decline in poverty
b) Decline in inequality
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of these
Ans: a) Post liberalization period has resulted in a decline in poverty as reflected by Tendulkar as well as Rangarajan panel report but it has lead to an increase in inequality.
Q.2 Identify the correct statement :
1. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 mandates against abortion after pregnancy crosses the 20-week without any exception.
2. India considers socio-economic factors as one of the reasons for termination of pregnancy
Select the answer from the codes given below:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: b) The Centre has clarified that a 20-week cap on termination of pregnancy will not be applicable in case the life of the woman is found to be in danger. Hence there will not be any time limit for conducting an abortion in case the woman is in danger.
India and Japan are among 13 countries which considers widers exceptions as reason including socioeconomic factors like woman’s age or income.
Q.3 Abolition of untouchability is defined in the constitution under:
a) Article 15
b) Article 17
c) Article 18
d) Article 21
Ans: c) Self explanatory
Q.4 The status of Manatees under IUCN is:
a) Critically Endangered
d) Near Threatened
Ans : b) Manatees falls under the ‘Vulnerable’ category of IUCN
Q.5 Which of the following measures inequality?
a) Philips Curve
b) Laspeyres Index
c) Gini Coefficient
d) None of these
Ans: c) Philips curve measures the relation between inflation and unemployment. Laspeyres index is used to calculatie inflation. Gini coefficient is used to measure inequality.