Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2020

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 50 others like this
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576 comments

Rewl1 said

@upsc2020 There is a starc difference between what is supposed to be and what actually is. The Speaker even after election remains a member of a political party. There have been various instances where speaker has taken decision very swiftly and sometimes too sternly . There have also been instances where the Speaker has not acted on petitions of disqualification . 


Thanks 

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Are legislative councils required at states? Should they be abolished? In light of recent move by AP govt, what are your views?

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Did mastery over agriculture act as a leverage for the rise of the Harappan towns and cities??? Discuss

Agricultural productivity is a pre-condition for rise of any civilization. IVC centered around agriculture. They developed tools, wheels, used animals so that agriculture could get an impetus. Granaries were built to keep the surplus or use it for export.

upsc2020,
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Are legislative councils required at states? Should they be abolished? In light of recent move by AP govt, what are your views?

The constitution gives Councils limited legislative powers. Unlike Rajya Sabha which has substantial powers to shape non-financial legislation, Legislative Councils lack the constitutional mandate to do so. Legislative Assemblies have the power to override amendments made to a legislation by the Council. So it doesn't make sense to have a body just to park candidates. Only adds to the exchequer of the government. Either the powers of councils are increased to strengthen democracy or they are completely diluted. 


 

upsc2020,
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What are the lists we need to mug up for prelims?

One is list of national parks,biosphere reserves.  Please add more such topics. 

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White Spot Syndrome Virus, recently in news, is known to affect

A. Pigs

B. Birds 

C. Marine Life 

D. Dogs

Yoyo,
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Does either mean both or any one?

Vision question and one of the option was this;

“Proclamation for the continuation of the emergency must be approved by either house of the parliament”

I googled and it seems like both(any one and both are correct)

Could someone please clarify? Thanks.


upsc2020,
233 views

SPSahab said

What are the lists we need to mug up for prelims?

One is list of national parks,biosphere reserves.  Please add more such topics. 

This can be divided in two parts. List, from static portion. And the other from dynamic.

Static:

1. Polity Basic- Constitution comparison, Bodies and institutions deriving power from constitution, result of initial lok sabha elections, first cabinet and portfolio, 'Chronology' of main events post 1947


2. History- We all know the importance of events which occurred between 1935-1947


3. Geography- Have personally tried to locate important places on google map. Sharing here for everyone's benefit. It's very easy to navigate on g-maps.

Ramsar Sites-ttps://goo.gl/maps/TPBz79FUv1AFPMeX9


National Park

Lakes and Glaciers

Important Passes of India

Of course, the course of major rivers

Latest map released by Home Ministry post 370

Mountain Peaks and Ranges- with special focus on Kashmir (Pir panjal, Ladhak) and NE

Biosphere Reserve

Disaster Management Zones

List of countries surrounded by- major seas and Ocean bodies. 



4. Economics- What constitutes/ or do not constitutes-part of national income, goods in CPI basket, transactions pertaining to current/capital account, very basic of diff items in diff gst slabs etc.


5. Art and Culture- A table showcasing basic info about Dance form-state, painting-state, music-state, puppetary-state, theatre-state relationship.


Dynamic:

Map based activities based on current affairs. For this, one can compile first page index of vision ias monthly, for last 2 years. This will have total 24 pages. After this, marking important places on map (or pinning the location on Google maps).

curious_kid, upsc2020 and 4 others like this
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Does either mean both or any one?

Vision question and one of the option was this;

“Proclamation for the continuation of the emergency must be approved by either house of the parliament”

I googled and it seems like both(any one and both are correct)

Could someone please clarify? Thanks.


Either means any one of the two. Proclamation has to be approved by RS or LS = either RS or LS

, and 4 others like this
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Will a different time zone be beneficial for the north-eastern states?

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Will a different time zone be beneficial for the north-eastern states?

India is essentially a tropical country with at max 2 hours difference. Not too sure if it would be practical to implement DST for NE states. 


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With banks profitability at all time low, increase in insurance limit is likely to increase the operating expenses of the banks. Is the move likely to benefit investors? Can somebody explain

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With banks profitability at all time low, increase in insurance limit is likely to increase the operating expenses of the banks. Is the move likely to benefit investors? Can somebody explain

The increase in insurance limit will increase the operating expenses of the banks as they will have to pay more insurance premium. This will impact the profitability of banks.

But the measure will boost confidence among investors since they will have a belief that their money is safe with bank. 

GreenArrow,
247 views

With banks profitability at all time low, increase in insurance limit is likely to increase the operating expenses of the banks. Is the move likely to benefit investors? Can somebody explain

The increase in insurance limit will increase the operating expenses of the banks as they will have to pay more insurance premium. This will impact the profitability of banks.

But the measure will boost confidence among investors since they will have a belief that their money is safe with bank. 

Legit. Thanks

avenger99,
227 views

Will a different time zone be beneficial for the north-eastern states?

India is essentially a tropical country with at max 2 hours difference. Not too sure if it would be practical to implement DST for NE states. 


Well, A study done by Bengaluru based National Institute of Advanced Studies said that a separate time zone for the northeastern region could help in saving 2.7 billion units of electricity every year. There is merit in having DST for NE states. Countries elsewhere also operate with multiple timezones.

,
223 views

@upsc2020 Thanks :) But, could you please explain the difference between these 2 statements?



The proclamation must be approved by both Houses of Parliament within one month

And 



Every resolution approving the proclamation must be passed by either House of Parliament

In short, doesn’t it imply either means both? Like on ‘either side of the road?’

Thanks :)



avenger99,
233 views
I have done my graduation with Chemistry(Hons).While filling the Prelims form do we need to provide the percentage of marks obtained in graduation's Honors subject or overall graduation percentage(including subsidiary subjects?? Please help
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SPSahab said

I have done my graduation with Chemistry(Hons).While filling the Prelims form do we need to provide the percentage of marks obtained in graduation's Honors subject or overall graduation percentage(including subsidiary subjects?? Please help

Overall Graduation Percentage.

avenger99,
213 views
@GreenArrow Ok let's break this down. 

44th Amendment introduced A. 352(3) wherein it introduced that the President shall declare no proclamation unless the same has been given to him in writing by the Union Cabinet.
352(4): Every proclamation before being passed is presented before each House of Parliament, that is the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha BOTH. Both the houses need to give the assent. If within the period of 1 month the proclamation is not assented to by both the houses, then it ceases to operate. 
Both the houses need to pass with such majority as is required for amending the constitution, i.e. not less than 2/3rd majority of the member present and voting, in each house. This is the constitutional position. 

Now, the line in Laxmikant with reference to the constitution  -Every resolution approving the proclamation must be passed by either House of Parliament. Here it means Both the LS & RS. 


avenger99,
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