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Factoids for Prelims 2020

Hi,

Ranyo Ashoka, Himalayan nettle, Denisovan - Who would have thought of such random questions?

Creating this thread with the sole purpose of sharing facts that can be relevant for Prelims. While there is always this thought, that there is no end to learning and mugging up facts, but if we observe closely - the options are not very close and elimination is easy. By pooling our resources here, if we give it one reading also, the probability of retaining it on the D day and eliminating options increases exponentially. 

I request the aspirants to actively contribute here and let's hope that we strike gold on 31st ;). 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 88 others like this
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Irrawaddy dolphins reside in estuaries of Chilika lake. Humpback dolphins live in sea water near the coast at Gahirmatha. Many Irrawaddy dolphins migrated to Chilika Lake from Gahrimatha this year. Erratic and untimely rain due to climate change reduced the saltiness of sea water, due to which humpback dolphins migrated into the deep sea as well. 

arun4elites427,
671 views

Some confusing things in modern history 

1) Deenabandhu title give for C F Andrews by Gandhi n st stephen students.  Deshbandhu popular name for C R DasDinbandhu weekly marathi journal by Nm lokhande 1880

Deenabandhu weekly malayalam newspaper by VR  Krishnan in 1941.

ssver2, PER and 7 others like this
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Some confusing things in modern history 

1) Deenabandhu title give for C F Andrews by Gnadhi n st stephen students.  Deshbandhu popular name for C R Das.  Dinbandhu weekly marathi journal by Nm lokhande 1880

Deenabandhu weekly malayalam newspaper by VR  Krishnan in 1941.

2)Servants of People society founded by Lala lajpat Rai in 1921 st lahore. (Inaugurated by gandhi)

Servants of Indian Society  founded by Gopal krishna Gokhale in 1905.


arun4elites427, sharathsxn414671
575 views

Some confusing things in modern history 

1) Deenabandhu title give for C F Andrews by Gnadhi n st stephen students.  Deshbandhu popular name for C R Das.  Dinbandhu weekly marathi journal by Nm lokhande 1880

Deenabandhu weekly malayalam newspaper by VR  Krishnan in 1941.

2)Servants of People society founded by Lala lajpat Rai in 1921 st lahore. (Inaugurated by gandhi)

Servants of Indian Society  founded by Gopal krishna Gokhale in 1905.


3) Indian Independence League 1942 formed by rash behari bose in Tokyo japan.

Independence of Indian League 1927 formed by J L nehru n bose against dominion status in nehru report.

Spock, ifssaraighat2016 and 1 others like this
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Some confusing things in modern history 

1) Deenabandhu title give for C F Andrews by Gnadhi n st stephen students.  Deshbandhu popular name for C R Das.  Dinbandhu weekly marathi journal by Nm lokhande 1880

Deenabandhu weekly malayalam newspaper by VR  Krishnan in 1941.

2)Servants of People society founded by Lala lajpat Rai in 1921 st lahore. (Inaugurated by gandhi)

Servants of Indian Society  founded by Gopal krishna Gokhale in 1905.


3) Indian Independence League 1942 formed by rash behari bose in Tokyo japan.

Independence of Indian League 1927 formed by J L nehru n bose against dominion status in nehru report.

4)Delhi Chalo movement is associated with Individual satyagraha movement during 1940-1941)

Dilli chalo march or slogun given by subash Chandra bose to motivate INA members.

ifssaraighat2016,
575 views

Some confusing things in modern history 

1) Deenabandhu title give for C F Andrews by Gnadhi n st stephen students.  Deshbandhu popular name for C R Das.  Dinbandhu weekly marathi journal by Nm lokhande 1880

Deenabandhu weekly malayalam newspaper by VR  Krishnan in 1941.

2)Servants of People society founded by Lala lajpat Rai in 1921 st lahore. (Inaugurated by gandhi)

Servants of Indian Society  founded by Gopal krishna Gokhale in 1905.


3) Indian Independence League 1942 formed by rash behari bose in Tokyo japan.

Independence of Indian League 1927 formed by J L nehru n bose against dominion status in nehru report.

4)Delhi Chalo movement is associated with Individual satyagraha movement during 1940-1941)

Dilli chalo march or slogun given by subash Chandra bose to motivate INA members.

5)Dwarkanath Tagore (1764 -1846) founded Landholders society in 1838 along with Radhakanta Deb.

His son is Debendranath tagore.

Debendranath tagore(1817 to 1905) was founder of tattwabodhini sabha in 1839 n Tattvabodhini patrika in 1843,became head of bramho samaj

In 1865 due to differences with Kc sen he reorganized brahmo samaj into Adi bramo samaj.

His sons are Satyendarnath tagore 1st Indianto qualify ICS in 1863.

Rabindranath tagore - Jana gana mana, Amar shonar Bangla,srilanka national anthem,Gitajali,nobel prize in Literature(1913), founded vishwabharthi.

Abanindranath Tagore nephew of Rabindranath tagore founded Indian Society of oriental Art,painted Bharat mata(1905)


PER, aashaypandey94266 and 7 others like this
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Dakhni is an Indo-Aryan language whose early form was transplanted to the Deccan following Mohammed bin Tughlaq’s decision, in 1327, to move the capital of the Delhi Sultanate over a thousand kilometres south, to Daulatabad.

Classical Dakhni emerged as a literary language with the epic poem “Kadam Rāo Padam Rāo,” written by the poet Fakhruddin Nizami in the late fifteenth century at Bidar—the capital of the Bahmani Sultanate. 

https://caravanmagazine.in/history/the-rise-and-fall-of-dakhni-literature

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Catalonia is a semi-autonomous region in north-east Spain with a distinct history dating back almost 1,000 years.

Catalonia's drive for independence plunged Spain into its biggest political crisis for 40 years.


Patrick_jane,
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Catalonia is a semi-autonomous region in north-east Spain with a distinct history dating back almost 1,000 years.

Catalonia's drive for independence plunged Spain into its biggest political crisis for 40 years.


Realted news to spain:


News:Recently,Spanish authorities have rescued a group of 86 migrants that included a baby who was born near the Canary Islands.

Facts:

About Canary Islands:

  • The Canary Islands are a Spanish archipelago and the southernmost autonomous community of Spain.
  • The Island is located in the Atlantic Ocean,west of Morocco at the closest point.


Source:factly.forumias.com

upsc2020, ifssaraighat2016 and 1 others like this
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European Commission (EC) launched the ‘United for Biodiversity’ coalition made up of zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, national parks, and natural history and science museums from around the world, on World Wildlife Day 2020.

The coalition offered the opportunity for all such institutions to “join forces and boost public awareness about the nature crisis, ahead of the crucial COP-15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Kunming, China in October 2020,” when nations will adopt a new global framework to protect and restore nature.

Patrick_jane,
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What links bats to zoonotic diseases? 

  • Bats are the source of most zoonotic diseases, Nipah,SARS,EBOLA,Marburg,te latest being the novel coronavirus Why?
  • The reason is their strong immune system. During a virus attack, bats produce interferonalpha, a molecule which signals other cells to boost their defence. 
  • To overcome this defence, virus starts to reproduce quickly and turns highly transmissible.
  • Although the bats can tolerate these viruses,it can be deadly to other mammals like humans.
  • Unlike bats,Humans lack a fast response immune system and the viral load becomes deadly
  • Disturbing the natural habitat of bats can stress the animals n shed even more virus in their saliva,urine and faeces.
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Was in PIB today

Sl. No.
Country
Exercise
1.
Australia
Ex AUSTRA HIND, Ex AUSINDEX, EX PITCH BLACK
2.
Bangladesh
Ex SAMPRITI, IN-BN CORPAT, IN-BN BILAT,

IN-BN SF EXERCISE, TABLE TOP EX, SAMVEDNA
3.
Brazil & South Africa
IBSAMAR
4.
China
Ex HAND IN HAND
5.
Egypt
Ex CYCLONE
6.
France
Ex SHAKTI, Ex VARUNA, GARUDA
7.
Indonesia
Ex GARUDA SHAKTI, IND-INDO CORPAT

IND-INDO BILAT
8.
Israel
Ex BLUE FLAG
9.
Japan
Ex DHARMA GUARDIAN, Ex JIMEX
10.
Kazakhstan
Ex KAZIND
11.
Kyrgyzstan
Ex KHANJAR
12.
Malaysia
Ex HARIMAU SHAKTI, Ex IN-RMN BILAT, HOP EX
13.
Maldives
Ex EKUVERIN, EX EKATHA
14.
Mongolia
Ex NOMADIC ELEPHANT
15.
Myanmar
Ex IMBEX, IMCOR, IN-MN BILAT, TABLE TOP EX
16.
Nepal
Ex SURYA KIRAN
17.
Oman
Ex AL NAGAH, NASEEM-AL-BAHR, Ex EASTERN BRIDGE
18.
Qatar
ZA’IR AL BAHR
19.
Russia
EX INDRA, EX AVIAINDRA
20.
Seychelles
Ex LAMITIYE
21.
Singapore
SIMBEX, JOINT MILITARY TRAINING
22.
Sri Lanka
Ex MITRA SHAKTI, SLINEX, IN-SLN SF Ex, SAMVEDNA
23.
Thailand
Ex MAITREE, INDO-THAI CORPAT, Ex SIAM BHARAT
24.
UAE
DESERT EAGLE
25.
UK
Ex AJEY WARRIOR, KONKAN, INDRADHANUSH
26.
USA
Ex YUDHABHAYAS, Ex VAJRA PRAHAR, SPITTING COBRA, SANGAM (IN-USN EOD Ex), RED FLAG, Ex COPE INDIA
27.
Uzbekistan
Ex DUSTLIK
28.
Vietnam
VINBAX, IN-VPN BILAT
29.
Multilateral
BIMSTEC
30.
Multilateral
AFINDEX
31.
Multilateral
MEDEX
32.
Multilateral
SCO - PEACE MISSION
33.
Multilateral
Ex TSENTR
34.
Multilateral
CORMORANT STRIKE
35.
Multilateral
KHAAN QUEST
36.
Multilateral
COBRA GOLD
37.
Multilateral
ADMM Plus Exercises
38.
Multilateral
BLACK CARILLION
39.
Multilateral
KAKADU
40.
Multilateral
KOMODO
41.
Multilateral
IONS WORKING GROUP EXERCISES
42.
Multilateral
EOD J2A
43.
Multilateral
MARISX
44.
Multilateral
MALABAR
45.
Multilateral
RIMPAC
46.
Multilateral
CUTLASS EXPRESS
47.
Multilateral
SALVEX
48.
Multilateral
SEACAT
49.
Multilateral
SITMEX
50.
Multilateral
MILAN
51.
Multilateral
WPNS Exercises
Letsdothis , PER and 10 others like this
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upsc2020, vamshi_kothakonda28826 and 1 others like this
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Mission Solar Charkha is enterprise driven scheme and envisages setting up of ‘Solar Charkha Clusters’ which will have 200 to 2042 beneficiaries (Spinners, Weavers, Stitchers and other skilled artisans).  Each spinner will be given two charkhas of 10 spindles each.

As part of the scheme no subsidy is given, however subsidy to the tune of Rs.9.60 crore is provided for procurement of charkha and looms to the Implementing or Promoting Agency for a full-scale Solar Charkha Cluster.

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Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) has been constituted under Section 3(3) of the ‘Environment (Protection) Act, 1986’ for the purpose of regulation and control of ground water development and management in the Country.

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Tiwa tribals celebrate Khelchawa festival in Assam. This festival is celebrated every five years.The festival is held at the close of the harvest season in the month of April.

curious_kid, Patrick_jane
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A new shipping route between the seaport of Kandla in western India and Iran's southern Qeshm Island in the Persian Gulf has been officially established with the arrival of a cargo ship named Neshat. Jazireh-ye Qeshm is an island bordering the NW side of the Strait of Hormuz. Qeshm, the largest island in the Persian Gulf, lying nearly parallel with the coast of Iran, is separated from the mainland by Toreh-ye Khowran (Khuran) (Clarence Strait)


ssver2,
671 views

Mission Bhagiratha : Telangana 

River Bhagirathi : Uttarkhand

ssver2, Patrick_jane
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