Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2020

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 50 others like this
42.9k views

576 comments

Did the IVC people know about Alloys? Think and tell me @zoidberg 

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Tetsuko said

1. Can prez use pocket veto in case of const. amend. Bill?

2. Prez has abosolute veto power in case of Money bills??

No in the first case, he/she has to give assent to the CA bill. But for money bill, President can either give assent or withhold its assent (absolute veto).


In 1991, the SalaryAllowances, and Pension of Members of Parliament (Amendment) Bill was rejected by the president by absolute veto, but I have doubt, this was a money bill or not?

I guess it is, but please somebody enlighten.

Should be, as money would be appropriated out of Consolidated Fund. 

Tetsuko,
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@Neyawn Yes, I think so.
They traded extensively and used coins (probably of alloys) & also Bronze statue of Dancing Girl....


Neyawn,
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@Neyawn - It was a Bronze Age civilisation. :)


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@Neyawn - It was a Bronze Age civilisation. :)


Haha, yes . Lovely. But the striking image of "bronze" Dancing Girl we have been seeing since school should tell us they knew "bronze" an alloy!

upsc2020, capricornape
170 views
@zoidberg Be confident with such things! The Bull could indicate that they have cows and cattle. Plus remember that it is difficult to have an agrarian society and not have cattle - given that agriculture is a labour intensive work. You need to load food-grains and do stuff. Difficult unless you domesticate animals.


Tetsuko, Wats_there_in_a_name and 1 others like this
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@Neyawn Agreed. 
Thanks for the lesson in lateral thinking. :)


Neyawn,
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@Neyawn Agreed. 
Thanks for the lesson in lateral thinking. :)


Great! Please note. Always be a hard worker. That NCERT by upsc2020 must have been read in the first place. 

When we have not, we do this. But this is a fallback strategy. Not Plan A

CaptainVyom, upsc2020
170 views

Which of the following limit(s) the Sovereignty of the Indian Parliament?

1. Written nature of the Constitution

2. Federal system of government

3. System of judicial review

4. Directive Principles of State Policy

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


The answer given is A  --Reason for exclusion of DPSP is Non-justiciable  and hence doesn't limit sovereignty of Parliament.

But DPSP are also used as reference by court for constitutional validity of law. Also DPSP are the ideals which parliament should keep in mind while formulating laws. Then in my opinion it is limiting the sovereignty of parliament. 

Am i Wrong? 

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BGP said

Which of the following limit(s) the Sovereignty of the Indian Parliament?

1. Written nature of the Constitution

2. Federal system of government

3. System of judicial review

4. Directive Principles of State Policy

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


The answer given is A  --Reason for exclusion of DPSP is Non-justiciable  and hence doesn't limit sovereignty of Parliament.

But DPSP are also used as reference by court for constitutional validity of law. Also DPSP are the ideals which parliament should keep in mind while formulating laws. Then in my opinion it is limiting the sovereignty of parliament. 

Am i Wrong? 

The non justiciability and non enforceable nature of DPSP is the cause. 

Directive Principles of State Policy are just the guidelines given to the central and State Governments of India, to be kept in mind while framing laws and policies. 

BGP,
182 views

According to most CA magazine and websites BRICS New Development Bank has equal voting rights.

But according to their website The voting power of each member shall equal its subscribed shares in the capital stock of the Bank 

In some tests I have seen the 1 st statement as correct . Is it correct or not ?

https://www.ndb.int/about-us/organisation/governance/#shares

207 views

According to most CA magazine and websites BRICS New Development Bank has equal voting rights.

But according to their website The voting power of each member shall equal its subscribed shares in the capital stock of the Bank 

In some tests I have seen the 1 st statement as correct . Is it correct or not ?

https://www.ndb.int/about-us/organisation/governance/#shares

Jyada mat sochiye. Equal hi h voting rights as subscribed capital stock is also equally shared. Future m koi change hoga to badlega. But as of now they have 50 bn stocks divided equally. Later on they may add suppose 2 bn each, Raising overall stock to 60bn - still keeping share %age equal - hence equal voting rights ! 

root, Prakhar96
176 views

BGP said

Which of the following limit(s) the Sovereignty of the Indian Parliament?

1. Written nature of the Constitution

2. Federal system of government

3. System of judicial review

4. Directive Principles of State Policy

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


The answer given is A  --Reason for exclusion of DPSP is Non-justiciable  and hence doesn't limit sovereignty of Parliament.

But DPSP are also used as reference by court for constitutional validity of law. Also DPSP are the ideals which parliament should keep in mind while formulating laws. Then in my opinion it is limiting the sovereignty of parliament. 

Am i Wrong? 

By that logic they may be expanding the sovereignty of parliament sometimes ! For ex Some FRs can be limited by Parliament by law if the law is in sync with DPSPs like Art 39 ! = So removing/reducing constitutional limits imposed on state.


But legally as they are non justifiable and state will & capacity based aspect - The DPSPs can not be called as limitations per se. 

BGP,
176 views

Was IVC a matriarchal society ?

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Was IVC a matriarchal society ?

There are no conclusive evidences about IVC proving it was patriarchal/matriarchal society. Correct me, If I am wrong. 

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Was IVC a matriarchal society ?

There are no conclusive evidences about IVC proving it was patriarchal/matriarchal society. Correct me, If I am wrong. 

No conclusive evidence found about social structure. However,conclusions derived from John Marshall's writings are that society was matriarchal. 

182 views

creation of LC is not an Amendment under Article 368. But it is still an amendment right? In the scope of constitutional amendments outside 368

the bare acts are confusing, don't spell it out explicitly. 


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@ARS21 I don't think the creation of legislative councils comes under the purview of constitutional amendment. Constitution just gives an enabling provision to the parliament to create or abolish legislative councils as per the needs. 



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@ARS21 It is mentioned that constitutional amendments by simple majority of parliament is outside the scope of art 368.
Creation /abolition of LC under art 169 is constitutional amendment by simple majority but outside the scope of art 368


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@Amarbabu amendment in literal sense : yes since you are rewriting something in constitution.
 Constitutional Amendment is considered as what is done under article 368, since LC is not here, so technically if qn comes in exam it is not an constitutional amendment.

Logic is a bit dizzy but that's how it goes :)

AlexanderSupertramp,
190 views
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