Mission Mains 2021 - GS Paper 2 & 3 - ForumIAS

Mission Mains 2021 - GS Paper 2 & 3

This is for those of you who are planning to write Mains 2020 ( subject to prelims happening ) and we clearing it. Nevertheless, in this time of lull, I am iniviting all people to come up with Mains related study material and Daily Q & A. I will be regular with the newspaper, my self and try to post questions. Anyone else interested, please contribute!

Let us have separate thread for GS Paper 4 & Essay as GS 2 and 3 are largely from current, and we can pool lot of questions.

If @root can help to pin it up, then we can begin with a small group.

Will help in daily accountability. 

root,Neyawnand60 otherslike this
107.8k views

228 comments

Dear all,

Kindly see the link to my IAS Lectures channel. I am sure you will find my lectures very informative and right contentful to write in the exam:-


https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCrjmJ0esaIC21G7GvKKphFA

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koi political science vala banda bataye pls

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Qus: Neither the Constitution, nor any central or state law places, any restraint on marriage. However, these marriages (even without conversion) are also not tolerated in the society and are often met with not only parental harassment, but even communal violence. Do you think freedom to marry need to be explicitly defined as a fundamental right? Critically analyse in the light of the recent events. (10 Mark)
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Please find the link to my Lecture on provisions in the Constitution and Law for disqualification of MPs and MLAs:-




Kindly see other lectures in GS as well.


Regards

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Qus: Neither the Constitution, nor any central or state law places, any restraint on marriage. However, these marriages (even without conversion) are also not tolerated in the society and are often met with not only parental harassment, but even communal violence. Do you think freedom to marry need to be explicitly defined as a fundamental right? Critically analyse in the light of the recent events. (10 Mark)

Why define it explicitly when the SC has already stated that right to marry a person of one’s choice is integral to Article 21 (right to life and liberty) of the Constitution ? 

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@upsc2020 Heya. ^_^ its a question from GS score test series. I copied it verbatim.


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Qus: Neither the Constitution, nor any central or state law places, any restraint on marriage. However, these marriages (even without conversion) are also not tolerated in the society and are often met with not only parental harassment, but even communal violence. Do you think freedom to marry need to be explicitly defined as a fundamental right? Critically analyse in the light of the recent events. (10 Mark)

Please review. ^_^

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Deleted
any idea when UPSC releases admit cards for mains?🙄🙄
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Mains admit cards out 
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Qus: Neither the Constitution, nor any central or state law places, any restraint on marriage. However, these marriages (even without conversion) are also not tolerated in the society and are often met with not only parental harassment, but even communal violence. Do you think freedom to marry need to be explicitly defined as a fundamental right? Critically analyse in the light of the recent events. (10 Mark)

Please review. ^_^

-as question talks about recent events can mention state such as UP enacting law to criminalise love jihad.

- can mention about issue of Honour Killing.

- can highlight one lacuna of Special marriage act like necessary requirement of putting names of bride and groom on notice board at police station/registrar office and how objection raised by just a single person can make the marriage null and void.

- can mention the case name where SC gave the verdict that choosing a person to marry is a right under article 21 under right to life and personal liberty. (I guess the case was Hadiya case)

- in way forward, can talk about enactment and adoption of a Uniform Civil Code, then a separate law carrying strict punishment to criminalise Honour Killing etc etc.

Barry_Allen,upsc2020
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koi political science vala banda bataye pls

Option B.

Dominant class character relates to Marxism (proletariat vs bourgeoisie).

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Does the Essay & optional answer booklets have different width than GS booklets in the actual paper? 
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Does the Essay & optional answer booklets have different width than GS booklets in the actual paper? 

No. It's similar. 

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@upsc2020 Just wanting to be sure. It's the same as vision booklet, right?


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@upsc2020 Just wanting to be sure. It's the same as vision booklet, right?


No not the same as vision. Slightly broader. 

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Qus: what are the reason for the failure of many social welfare schemes of Indian government? What steps could be taken to make them successful? Discuss.

 Ans: In India, we have a large number social welfare scheme targeting housing, education, unemployment, food security, etc. But many of them fail to meet their target like PM Gam sadak yojana, PM awas yojana- Grameen, National rural livelihood mission, etc.

Some of the important reasons for the failure of social welfare schemes are:

  1. Poor policy implementation- because of mismanagement, poor coordination between agencies/departments involved, slow /poor communication and information sharing between different stakeholders, etc
  2. Lack of knowledge/training of field operatives implementing schemes/programs of government.
  3. Corruption in policies- both collusive and coercive
  4. Inclusion and exclusion error making policy less effective, and
  5. Non-cooperation from the targeted beneficiaries itself.

 

Steps which could be taken to improve policy implementation:

  1. Using ICT to improve information dissemination, coordination, policy monitoring, accountability, etc.
  2. Training of field operatives to improve their knowledge and efficiency
  3. Encouraging social audit, proper implementation of CC, involving CSOs, etc to reduce the problem of corruption
  4. Improving identification of beneficiaries using better survey methodologies. For example using NFHS-5/SECC data for beneficiaries identification.
  5. Using behavioural economics to improve cooperation from beneficiaries as well as other stakeholders involved, like power of social influence and persuasion used in SBA, use of socially and culturally identifiable name to give clear message like Namami Gange, Jan Dhan yojana, POSHAN abhiyan, etc.

 

Present government has taken many initiatives to improve success of government schemes such as:

  • eKranti under digital India- electronic delivery of services; CSC, etc. The e-governance improves targeted delivery of services.
  • Now government has started using behavioural economics in its policies and programs, e.g. SBA, BBBP, etc.
  • Government is also encouraging social audit (Meghalaya passed social audit act).
  • NITI Aayog is encouraging competitive and cooperative federalism which intern helps in better policy outcomes.

 

We have to make sure that not only scheme formulation but also its implementation is proper to ensure socio-economic development of people.

 

Please review. ^_^

Basic and foremost thing is that ,, the bullet points or sentences should be small and specific,, and use of auxilliary verbs need to minimise so as to appeal the reader...instead of many points flow chart can easily be incorporated in (schemes and their objectives)to effectively present information. First write the steps taken by government and then steps to be taken or areas of improvement.content is OK

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PSIR Probable Areas For Mains20(1)(1).pdf

Probable Areas for PSIR Mains Backed by Research of PYQs+Syllabus+Current Events

https://t.me/psir320



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Several incidents of massive unrest and protests in India like the recent incident in the Wistron plant are reflective of the pent-up anger of contract workers. Comment. 
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Several incidents of massive unrest and protests in India like the recent incident in the Wistron plant are reflective of the pent-up anger of contract workers. Comment. 

1. Contract workers receive roughly half the wages of those workers employed directly by firms. Also, firms make significant savings by hiring contract workers as they receive far fewer employee benefits compared to regular workers. This enables firms to reduce costs.

2. Presence of contract workers in the firms’ workforce acts as an alternative workforce to suppress the bargaining power of their regular unionised workers. A recent study found that firms’ management tend to use contract workers to their strategic advantage to not only curb the bargaining power of regular workers but also keep their wage demand in check.

3. Much of the recruitment of these contract workers are through the ‘word of mouth’ and people in the villages in the vicinity waste little time to take up any job available. 

It is thus important to ensure that wages of contract workers are at par with directly hired workers when performing the same work. This is necessary not just from the lens of contract workers, but also for directly employed workers who have experienced negligible growth in their real wages as the pool of contract workers continues to expand.






GaryVee,
1.4k views
Several incidents of massive unrest and protests in India like the recent incident in the Wistron plant are reflective of the pent-up anger of contract workers. Comment. 

1. Contract workers receive roughly half the wages of those workers employed directly by firms. Also, firms make significant savings by hiring contract workers as they receive far fewer employee benefits compared to regular workers. This enables firms to reduce costs.

2. Presence of contract workers in the firms’ workforce acts as an alternative workforce to suppress the bargaining power of their regular unionised workers. A recent study found that firms’ management tend to use contract workers to their strategic advantage to not only curb the bargaining power of regular workers but also keep their wage demand in check.

3. Much of the recruitment of these contract workers are through the ‘word of mouth’ and people in the villages in the vicinity waste little time to take up any job available. 

It is thus important to ensure that wages of contract workers are at par with directly hired workers when performing the same work. This is necessary not just from the lens of contract workers, but also for directly employed workers who have experienced negligible growth in their real wages as the pool of contract workers continues to expand.






Data from the Annual Survey of Industries (ASI), which covers establishments registered under the Factories Act, shows a surge in contract worker usage in the organized manufacturing sector. Over half of the increase in total employment from 7.7 million to 13.7 million between 2000-01 and 2015-16 was accounted for by contract workers.

GaryVee,
1.4k views
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