Mission Mains 2021 - GS Paper 2 & 3 - ForumIAS

Mission Mains 2021 - GS Paper 2 & 3

This is for those of you who are planning to write Mains 2020 ( subject to prelims happening ) and we clearing it. Nevertheless, in this time of lull, I am iniviting all people to come up with Mains related study material and Daily Q & A. I will be regular with the newspaper, my self and try to post questions. Anyone else interested, please contribute!

Let us have separate thread for GS Paper 4 & Essay as GS 2 and 3 are largely from current, and we can pool lot of questions.

If @root can help to pin it up, then we can begin with a small group.

Will help in daily accountability. 

root,Neyawnand60 otherslike this
107.8k views

228 comments

Gochisaid

Explain why the Indian Constitution has been argued to have created a" federation with centralising tendency"

What should he the ideal structure of this question ?, I want to know Whether I am Doing misinterpretation or otherwise. 

These should be the major points and answer structure in my opinion:

Jawaharlal Nehru said that “it would be injurious to the interests of the country to provide for a weak central authority which would be incapable of ensuring peace, of coordinating vital matters of common concern and of speaking effectively for the whole country in the international sphere.”

The Indian Constitution contains a large number of unitary or non-federal features. ’.

Features of Indian Constitution that reflect an centralising tendency

  1. Overriding authority on concurrent list
  2. No Territorial Integrity of States
  3. Constitution amendment power of Parliament
  4. Emergency
  5. Governor appointment
  6. Single Citizenship. 

(Elaborate in 1 line on above points)

However, the Constitution of India establishes a federal system of government as it contains all the features of a federation - dual administration, division of powers, written Constitution, supremacy of Constitution, rigidity of Constitution, independent judiciary and bicameralism.

Supreme Court in Kuldip Nayar v Union of India held that Federalism is a basic feature of the Constitution of India and it is unique in its nature and is tailored according to the specific needs of the country.To govern such a diverse polity, a structure of “asymmetrical federalism” was adopted.

Thus, as stated by K.C. Wheare, in practice the Constitution of India is quasi-federal in nature and not strictly federal. 

Nice answer.

eclectus,
3.4k views
Please message me if anyone is  interested in buying Insights ias mains test series 2020. FULL 46 tests available. 10 Essay tests and 36 GS Mains.
3.3k views

DOES ANYONE HAVE VAJIRAM GS TEST SERIES SLOUTION(October 2020 - test1+2)?

Thank you.

3.2k views

 @Neyawn  Can you please help regarding Disaster Management, mainly Best International practices to enrich answers (would be very valuable if a comprehensive source or booklet/notes can be shared). Also specific reasons for recent Disasters - like Bush fires in Australia, Forest Fires in Amazon and so.

3.1k views
Deleted
Also, if anyone else could also help@upsc2020 @curious_kid @TheNotorious 


3.1k views

Yashi7said

 @Neyawn  Can you please help regarding Disaster Management, mainly Best International practices to enrich answers (would be very valuable if a comprehensive source or booklet/notes can be shared). Also specific reasons for recent Disasters - like Bush fires in Australia, Forest Fires in Amazon and so.

Also, if anyone else could help@upsc2020 @curious_kid @TheNotorious 

3.1k views

Yashi7said

Yashi7said

 @Neyawn  Can you please help regarding Disaster Management, mainly Best International practices to enrich answers (would be very valuable if a comprehensive source or booklet/notes can be shared). Also specific reasons for recent Disasters - like Bush fires in Australia, Forest Fires in Amazon and so.

Also, if anyone else could help@upsc2020 @curious_kid @TheNotorious 

I would advise you to rather than running from pillar to post to cover the latest disaster and international experience in managing the disaster, please invest time in understanding the basics first.

By basics I mean difference between hazard and disaster. What is vulnerability exposure and triangle if risk assessment. 

Once you have good command overthese technical terms generating/ remembering points for specific disaster would be logical. 


PS specific terms like disaster preparedness  risk reduction etc sound too generic but are technical in nature.

Yashi7,
2.7k views

Yashi7said

Yashi7said

 @Neyawn  Can you please help regarding Disaster Management, mainly Best International practices to enrich answers (would be very valuable if a comprehensive source or booklet/notes can be shared). Also specific reasons for recent Disasters - like Bush fires in Australia, Forest Fires in Amazon and so.

Also, if anyone else could help@upsc2020 @curious_kid @TheNotorious 

@Yashi7 

You can listen to these podcasts in free time  as well as jot down whatever you think is/are important and can use  as pointers in Mains. These can be considered as reliable sources because views/opinions are shared by experts themselves.

The third podcast link shared is not related to Disaster Management but can be important wrt GS3 as recently Tiger Census Report was released. I found it very useful and hence sharing. 

All the best!

Podcast links:-

https://itunes.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewPodcast?id=1382371884&i=1000468184178 - Amazon Forestfire

https://podcasts.apple.com/in/podcast/in-focus-by-the-hindu/id1494440867?i=1000463924037 - Australia Bushfire

https://podcasts.apple.com/in/podcast/in-focus-by-the-hindu/id1494440867?i=1000487087913 - India Tiger Census

Yashi7,
3k views

@TheNotorious  Thank you. Any idea of the best international practices (like Singapore has 3D simulation of buildings to help in decision making at the time of disaster)?

2.7k views
Right to work is a necessary imperative all over the nation, rural and urban, not just in these uncertain times but also in the long run. Analyse.

2.3k views
Deleted
this is testing
2.4k views
@Omen Sir/Mam I request you to please suggest source to understand above mentioned terms .
Thank you .


2.2k views

Alexrsaid

@Omen Sir/Mam I request you to please suggest source to understand above mentioned terms .
Thank you .


This should help 

https://www.undrr.org/terminology

Alexr,
1.9k views
@Omen Thank you sir/Madam.
One last request , please suggest us some tips like the one for DM , for GS 2 governance and Gs3 security issues.
Thank you Sir/Mam.


2k views
Right to work is a necessary imperative all over the nation, rural and urban, not just in these uncertain times but also in the long run. Analyse.

Indian Constitution does not explicitly recognise the ‘right to work’ as a fundamental right. It is placed in Part IV (Directive Principles of State Policy) of the Constitution under Article 41, which hence makes it unenforceable in the court of law. Despite the absence of an express wording of the ‘right to work’ in Part III (Fundamental Rights) of the Constitution, it became a ‘fundamental right’ through a judicial interpretation. Supreme Court through its judgement in Olga Tellis & Ors. v Bombay Municipal Corporation & Ors.- ‘right to work’ was recognised as a fundamental right inherent in the ‘right to life’.

All these grave consequences faced by the poor of the country are the result of the lack of proper provisions in the labour laws or other laws relating to the right to work. The measures in the mentioned laws do not consist situations such as pandemics under its purview. Due to the lack of which, the migrant workers are forced to return to their homeland.

Idea of a country with hundred percent employment is well embedded in the Constitution. The government should make every citizen eligible enough to survive through times like these. The various laws protecting the right to work must be amended from time to time to suit the present times and work accordingly.


PLease review.

Mettle,
1.9k views

The pandemic led lock down was responsible for job losses and lack of gainful employment for many in urban and rural areas.


In this context right to work can be a game changer not only in short term, but also I'm long  term. 


RTW for uncertain times

1)Reduce unemployment(quote plfs data) 

2)Create legal obligation on part of govt (dpsp 41 is not emforceable)

3)Preserve human dignity


In long term it will guide govt policies towards creating meaningful employment. 

RTW is implicit in MNREGA which has shown long term positive affect in reducing rural poverty. Similar initiatives in urban areas needed. 


SC in olga tellis case and chameli Singh case identified right to livelihood as essential in realising right to life under art 21.

However creating legal obligation can backfire. 

1)Resource crunch in govt. 

2)Job creation is essentially an outcome of market economy. How can we give jobs if there is slowdown in economy. 


Nevertheless right to work is important as a symbolic right that can asset govt to be more proactive in its economic policies and help create gainful employment




Mettle,
1.8k views

Alexrsaid

@Omen Thank you sir/Madam.
One last request , please suggest us some tips like the one for DM , for GS 2 governance and Gs3 security issues.
Thank you Sir/Mam.


I am still struggling myself with these topics 

Alexr,
1.7k views
@Omen I understand , no worries .Thank you for guidance.


1.8k views

@Ellen @mahi2501 

Good attempt. However, the answer needs to be structured better:

The question has 3 dimensions - need RTW in rural, urban and present times.

One can start with constitutional provisions.

Mention in points why we need in urban, rural and pandemic times - popl density, growing cost of living, high incidence of unemployment, how MGNREGA has benefitted etc. 

Mention challenges in process of realization of these rights. 

Conclude. 

Gaurav,
1.5k views

@Ellen @mahi2501 

Good attempt. However, the answer needs to be structured better:

The question has 3 dimensions - need RTW in rural, urban and present times.

One can start with constitutional provisions.

Mention in points why we need in urban, rural and pandemic times - popl density, growing cost of living, high incidence of unemployment, how MGNREGA has benefitted etc. 

Mention challenges in process of realization of these rights. 

Conclude. 

matter_right

chamomile,
1.5k views
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