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10000 Questions for Prelims 2020 | Prelims 2020 Marathon

Dear Friends,

Let is share and post / paste here questions of various test series . If we crowd source enough, we know that questions will come from here. There was a thread of crowd sourced questions in the past, where @wunwun @burger @pizza and all had contributed and that year we had many questions come from there. 


Let us start this initiative. Also please follow the convention followed last year by @neyawn Sir, let us number the questions in a serial number.


Here I am starting


#1Choose correct statements

1) M N Roy was the founder of Communism in India

2) M N Roy first mooted the idea of Constituent Assembly

3) Patel was the Chairman of Committee on negotiating with states

4) Nehru was the Chairman of Drafting Committee


Select correct

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 2 and 4 only

d) None of t

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 124 others like this
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C??

Answer is A. Right to protection against Torture was held to be an inalienable element of Art. 21 in Francis Colarie Mullin v. UT of Delhi. 

Relevant because of the Jayaraj and Bennix custodial torture. 

AlexanderSupertramp, Underdog44 and 3 others like this
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@upsc2020 Correct Answer is A. 



The Tebhaga movement erupted in 1946 in Bengal on the eve of the withdrawal of the British. Although the tide of Tebhaga receded as fast as it rose, the uprising stands out as one of the most important political events in twentieth century Bengal. Among the unique features of the movement is the large-scale participation of women on par with men. The landless and poor peasant women formed fighting troops called nari bahini and took a front rank role in defending the gains of the movement and in countering the repression of the state.


musa, Patrick_jane and 3 others like this
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Thinker said

#22)Consider the following leaders:

1. C.R. Das

2. Lala Lajpat Rai

3. C. Rajagopalachari

4. Motilal Nehru

Which of the above leaders were the members of Swatantra Party ?

(a)  2 and 4only

(b)  3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

It should be 3 only i.e. B

Yes crct answer is B

Swatantra party formed by C.rajagopalachari in 1959 reaction to what he felt was the Jawaharlal Nehru dominated Indian National Congress increasingly socialist and statist outlook.

Other prominent leaders of Swatantra:

N G Ranga,K M Munish & Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu.

Whereas SWARAJ PARTY IS: Founded by

C.R. Das,Lala Lajpat Rai & Motilal Nehru in 1923

musa, RiaLaissezfaire and 3 others like this
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#32)Consider the following statements about the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council 

(1) It is a non-statutory, permanent and independent body. 

(2) The prime aim is to analyse all the critical issues, economic or otherwise, referred to it by the Prime Minister and advising him thereon. 

(3) The Prime Minister is the Chairman of Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council. 

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect? 

(a) 1 and 2 only 

(b) 1 and 3 only 

(c) 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Madev, Sandhaya and 2 others like this
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The advantages of manure is/are:
1. It enhances the water holding capacity of the soil. 
2. It makes the soil porous due to which exchange of gases becomes easy. 
3. It increases the number of friendly microbes. 
4. It improves the texture of the soil. 

Option:
A.  Only 1 is correct 
B. 1, 3 and 4 are correct
C.  1, 2 and 3 are correct
D. All are correct

b or d

not really sure about statement 2.

d?

D - All are correct. 

The addition of organic matter to the soil usually increases the water holding capacity of the soil. This is because the addition of organic matter increases the number of micropores and macropores in the soil either by “gluing” soil particles together or by creating favourable living conditions for soil organisms. Increased organic matter contributes indirectly to soil porosity (via increased soil faunal activity). Fresh organic matter stimulates the activity of macrofauna such as earthworms, which create burrows lined with the glue-like secretion from their bodies. 

Statements picked from NCERT 8th

 

@AlexanderSupertramp @Homo Neanderthalensis @Patootie 

AlexanderSupertramp, eclectus and 2 others like this
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Can anyone share map for Rivers?

Hope this helps.

upsc2020, Zlatan07 and 2 others like this
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#43)Which the following is the first to sprout on the moon surface?

A)Wheat

B)Potato 

C)Canola

D)Cotton.

Cotton. 

The Chinese grew it. And its already dead now :(

Just_restless, Patrick_jane and 2 others like this
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Okay its a good initiative,but can you clear what is the Modus operandi like just post the question or question with answer or discussion also.

Just the questions.

Then we discuss those with some explanations. Avoid just writing a,b,c,d

Neyawn, Patrick_jane and 2 others like this
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Anjali8 said

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C? 

Correct.

The Gogabil Lake in Katihar district, one of the largest wetlands of Bihar. Gogabeel, an ox-bow lake in Bihar’s Katihar district, has been declared as the state’s first ‘Community Reserve’.  Nearly 300 migratory birds come to the lake and its vicinity during monsoon and winter from the Caspian Sea and Siberian region. Among the different species of migratory birds, there are around 90 species of threatened birds, including stork, black-necked stork and white Ibis. Spread over 73.88 acres of land, this ox-bow shaped lake is formed by the Mahananda and Kankahar in the north and Ganga in the south.

upsc2020, eclectus and 2 others like this
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@Patrick_jane It's Chief Justice of India. Article 258 clearly mentions it.


Patrick_jane, Lighthouse and 2 others like this
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Hi,

With hardly 120 days left for Prelims 2020, I urge all community members and aspirants for 2020 to invest their energies into Prelims preparation. As we all know, practice is the key; let's pool in our diversified resources and ensure we solve enough MCQs. 

Patrick_jane, prelims2020 and 2 others like this
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Could you please help me understand which are the monist schools? Is Advaita/Vishishtadvaita about non-dualism or monism? I understood it as monism. Please correct me if I am wrong. If Advaita here is meant monism, why does it mean non-dualism when used in the Dvaita Advaita sense?

Thanks in advance for your help. :)

I will try as much as I have understood. Please correct me if I'm wrong. Although it's highly unlikely that such details be asked. English translations have often interpreted them interchangeably, but there are some basic things:  


Vedanta school is essentially understanding the relation between Brahman(the ultimate truth), Atman (individual), and Prakriti (the world and the material things).  

Now, what school interprets these things how differentiates them, right. 

Advaita Vada is the closest to monism. says all things exist because of Brahma and is Brahma. there is no separate existence of anyone. The atman is a part of the Brahma only. The physical world (which it said is just the creative energy of Brahma) is a myth and the physical world just appears because of this maya(myth) and we just need the Gyan to get away the myth and attain Moksha (i.e. final meeting of Brahma and Atma)

Example(not to be taken literally) : Sea and waves. they are the same thing essentially.

Vishishta Advaita Vada said yes Brahma is the only thing that exists but it exists in different modes. So Universe is (a part of) Brahma, but it is not Brahma. So you can't just compare it to Brahma. Also, the physical world is not a myth because nothing if we have to subdue myth, then how can everything be Brahma. (That would mean either it is greater than Brahma or Brhama itself. In any case, it would make no sense to overdue myth and attain Gyan)

So it's non dualism - it says they(Atman and Brahma) are not two different things, but it doesn't say they are the same(as modes are different). 

Dvaita Advaita creates a twist here. It is dvaita because ti says Atman and Brahman are different and Advaita because it says there is no different existence. ( remember vishishta Advaita had only said Atman is a different mode of Brahma, it is saying they are different). So here, Atman exists different from Brahma BUT also, because of Brahma. So Chit and Achit (which are essentially individual and the physical world), can't exist without Brahma. 

So it is not saying they are two different things (which would be dualism), it is not saying they are one (which would make it monism), it is saying they are different but do not have different existence. 

Like Universe and Earth (not to be taken in a modern-day physical sense) . Earth is different from the universe but it exists because there exists a universe.


Now Shudh Advaita says there is only one truth - Brahma. And this Brahma becomes many essences (unlike vishishta advaita which said atman is a mode of brahma, it says the Brahma itself takes many forms, as and when it like) So the physical world is just like the heat from the fire (Brahma). So they are neither two different things nor exist because of one another. The desire of the Brahma decides everything. So you can call it non-dualism and also Monsim since it doesn't cater to that question of whether they are one or not - it says there's no difference and it's all about the essence of brahma) But it does say that Bhakti won't necessarily give you Moksha as it is the will of brahma itself what it chooses to become at your form, but that's all you can do - Pushtimarg)


I don't actually understand Achintya Bheda abheda (no pun intended - Achintya = inconceivable, get it? :p) but it is ambiguous as it says you can't understand if they are one or different. It says chit achita can't be separated from the Brahma. But it also says they are different. It also says that they have the same qualities with different intensities  


Just write one at a time and create diagrams with any standard notes of them, you'll understand better. Obviously it's fruitless for us and also endless to think and comprehend. There are inherent contradictions in them. (Obviously why there are six of them). Example if Advaita says everything is Brahma, then why is there need for anything, be it gyan, moksha and what is maya (more importantly, How is maya)..etc etc. These debates challenge one another and my wannabe intellectual gets all worked up while talking about them, so I'll stop here. 


To answer your question, in my understanding we'll say Advaita vada as monism and rest as non dualism because they do not explicitly say that everything is Brahma and nothing else. 

AlexanderSupertramp, Villanelle and 2 others like this
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Thinker said

#17)With reference to various boxes related to agricultural subsidies under the WTO, 

consider the following statements:

1. Green box subsidies do not distort trade,or at most cause minimal distortion.

2. Blue box subsidies are subject to de-minimus limits.

3. Amber box contains any support that would cause trade and production distortions and the support that requires farmers to limit production.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

I uess ans should be 1 and 3 only. But no such option is there. Plz provide explanation.

No crct answer is A. Only 1.

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: Green box subsidies must not distort trade, or at most cause minimal distortion. They have to be government-funded and must not involve price support. They also include environmental protection and regional development programmes. Greenbox subsidies are allowed without limits.

Statements 2 and 3 are not correct: 

Domestic support measures considered to distort production and trade fall into the Amber Box. These supports are subject to limits. “De minimis” level of subsidies are allowed which are generally 5% of agricultural production for developed countries and 10% for developing countries.    

Any support that would normally be in the amber box, is placed in the blue box if the support also requires farmers to limit production. At present there are no limits on spending on blue box subsidies.

mohanapriya_mudoms640, Lighthouse and 2 others like this
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Thinker said

#23)Consider the following pairs:

Index/Report          Published by

1. Global Gender Gap Report — World  Economic  Forum

2. Gender Inequality — UNESCO

3. Gender Parity Index— United Nations Development Programme

Which of the pairs given above is/are Incorrectly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d)  2 and 3 only



 

I guess its C only. Am I right?

No crct answer is D.

GGG Report by WEF( India rank 112 in 2020 report)

GII by UNDP( India rank 122 in 2019 report)

GPI by UNESCO

root, Neyawn and 2 others like this
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A United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change briefing report in 2009 said that

shifting cultivation like “dangar chas” supplements nutrition to the food baskets of indigenous

communities across the world without jeopardising the climate or causing forest loss. “Dangar

chas” is practised in which of the following states?

(a) Rajasthan

(b) Assam

(c) Madhya Pradesh

(d) Odisha

Source: examshack.com

acquaintedeconomist99941, samudragupt and 1 others like this
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Thinker said

#26)Which of the following is/are considered for calculating Minimum Support Price?

(1) Demand and supply

(2) Cost of production

(3) Inter-crop price parity

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a. 1 and 3 only

b. 2 only

c. 2 and 3 only

d. All the above

I guess C shall be the answer. 

No crct answer is D.

In formulating the recommendations in respect of the level of minimum support prices and other non-price measures, the Commission on Agriculture Costs and Price (CACP) takes into account the various Terms of Reference (ToR) given to it in 2009.

Accordingly, it analyses:

1) Demand and supply;

2) Cost of production;

3) Price trends in the market, both domestic and international;

4) Inter-crop price parity;

5) Terms of trade between agriculture and non agriculture; and

6) Likely implications of MSP on consumers of that product.

It may be noted that the cost of production is an essential factor that goes as an input in

the determination of MSP, but it is certainly not the only factor that determines MSP.

superpdr, GreenArrow and 1 others like this
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Thinker said

#26)Which of the following is/are considered for calculating Minimum Support Price?

(1) Demand and supply

(2) Cost of production

(3) Inter-crop price parity

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a. 1 and 3 only

b. 2 only

c. 2 and 3 only

d. All the above

I guess C shall be the answer. 

No crct answer is D.

In formulating the recommendations in respect of the level of minimum support prices and other non-price measures, the Commission on Agriculture Costs and Price (CACP) takes into account the various Terms of Reference (ToR) given to it in 2009.

Accordingly, it analyses:

1) Demand and supply;

2) Cost of production;

3) Price trends in the market, both domestic and international;

4) Inter-crop price parity;

5) Terms of trade between agriculture and non agriculture; and

6) Likely implications of MSP on consumers of that product.

It may be noted that the cost of production is an essential factor that goes as an input in

the determination of MSP, but it is certainly not the only factor that determines MSP.

Good one with explanation

Patrick_jane, asiimov and 1 others like this
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#30)The green muffler technique is designed to:

(a) protecting citizens from extreme cold waves 

(b) reducing air pollution in cities 

(c) donating free cloths to the needy people 

(d) reducing noise pollution in noisy places

Muffler a word associated with noise pollution . Technique involves planting trees as arrester to noise .

Patrick_jane, asiimov and 1 others like this
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@AlexanderSupertramp i guess it's about full potential. It does work with 4g but not at full potential


upsc2020, mhs11 and 1 others like this
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Consider the following crops:

1. Groundnut
2. Wheat
3. Millet
4. Safflower

Which among the given above crops are 'Rabi crops'?

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2 and 4 only

C. Groundnut and millet are mostly rainfed

upsc2020, PhoenixD and 1 others like this
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