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Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2020

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 68 others like this
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Can someone explain how US economic sanctions work and why are they so important? Thank you. 

Not important for prelims. 


But anyway: USA controls most of the global financial systems. If USA sanctions an Individual, Entity or Country - it means that American controlled financial institutions wont do business with you - they may additionally freeze your assets in their banks etc. So basically you wont be able to use your money across most of the world. For example: Iran was selling India oil, but India could not pay Iran because of American sanctions - increasing operation costs. Iranian firms cant also raise funds in international capital markets. Sometimes sanctions also mean that USA coerces countries to stop doing business with a particular entity or a country. For example, Trump admin got India to stop buying Iranian oil recently. 

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@tanvi_vats  sanctions by US means curb on using dollar and swift financial mode. It prohibits the said nation to use dollar as the currency of payment. Since maximum trade involves dollar as an international transactions, it becomes difficult to do transaction for nations. However it doesn't means that the said nation cannot do any economic transaction. Eg russia and Iran despite having sanctions, are able to grow their economy. The INSTEX mechanism was created by germany, UK, France to bypass the dollar mechanism. 

Hope it provides a clarity over it !!


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The CDRI was launched by PM Modi. But India is not one of the 12 founding members. Can someone explain this conundrum?
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The below article is referring to Scheduled Tribe (Plains) and Scheduled Tribe (Hill), what is this distinction?

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/karbis-against-st-status-for-hill-bodos-in-assam/article30854948.ece

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Consider the following rivers:

1. Hunza

2. Shigar

3. Nubra

4. Dras

Which of the rivers given above is/are the tributaries of Indus?

a 1 and 2 only
b 3 and 4 only
c 2, 3 and 4 only
d 1, 2, 3 and 4
In this question, except nubra I was not aware of any of tributary. I know that nubra is the tributary of shyok and shyok is tributary of indus. Thus, nubra is not directly tributary of Indus. So, I eliminated nubra and came to option a but answer is d. Please suggest me how to deal with such question. Can we say tributary of a tributary is also tributary of main river?
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Consider the following rivers:

1. Hunza

2. Shigar

3. Nubra

4. Dras

Which of the rivers given above is/are the tributaries of Indus?

a 1 and 2 only
b 3 and 4 only
c 2, 3 and 4 only
d 1, 2, 3 and 4
In this question, except nubra I was not aware of any of tributary. I know that nubra is the tributary of shyok and shyok is tributary of indus. Thus, nubra is not directly tributary of Indus. So, I eliminated nubra and came to option a but answer is d. Please suggest me how to deal with such question. Can we say tributary of a tributary is also tributary of main river?

NCERT book has all the names mentioned as tributaries of Indus. Don’t think too much - make a list and mug them up 😬

Aalsibalak,
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hi, could someone explain
a) what does "ordinarily resident" mean under citizenship act, 1955? 
b) is there a difference between "ordinarily resident for xyz immediately before making an application" and "ordinarily resident for xyz before making an application"? 
c) could someone confirm the definition of PIO? 
According to A8 of the Constitution, a PIO is a person who, or either of the parents, or either of the grandparents were born in India according to GoI Act, 1935 and are ordinarily residing in a territory outside India. Lakshmikant defines it as either the person, or their parents were born in undivided India or in a territory which became a part of India after 15 Aug 1947. 

thank you very, very much. 
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1)gram nayaylayas  under administrative jurisdiction of district judge  ?

Is this statement correct ??

2) Has National COurt oF Appeals already functional ?? 


Also if someone have doc of NALSA , LOKPAL and LOK ADALAT do share please 

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hi, could someone explain
a) what does "ordinarily resident" mean under citizenship act, 1955? 
b) is there a difference between "ordinarily resident for xyz immediately before making an application" and "ordinarily resident for xyz before making an application"? 
c) could someone confirm the definition of PIO? 
According to A8 of the Constitution, a PIO is a person who, or either of the parents, or either of the grandparents were born in India according to GoI Act, 1935 and are ordinarily residing in a territory outside India. Lakshmikant defines it as either the person, or their parents were born in undivided India or in a territory which became a part of India after 15 Aug 1947. 

thank you very, very much. 

1) ordinary resident means non INDIAN residing in INDIAN TERRITORY (eg: for 11 years  before applying for citizenship)

2) NO as such there is no difference 

3) As such PIO is not functional , they had been merged with OCI category by govt.

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can someone please clear the status of WHIP ?

convention or statutory ???

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Can anyone clear India ka rank in palm oil production (....?)and consumption (its 1 shyd)? 
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can someone please clear the status of WHIP ?

convention or statutory ???

@dhanvantri convention 

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@Subramanyam They lose their Schedule tribe status if they change their region. If Hill tribes come to plains, they are no longer Scheduled Tribes and vice versa.


Subramanyam,
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For prelims, I am thinking of Vision monthly + News in shorts at the end of vision . Does PT 365 have something extra? I also have some notes of daily insights CA. Are these enough apart from the static part?
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@upsc2020 whts industrial discharge?Does solid waste covers it??

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There used to be a post earlier where forum used to post about the cut-off of the simulator tests. I can't find that now.

Does anyone have any idea about those cut-offs?

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Agog said

@upsc2020 whts industrial discharge?Does solid waste covers it??

Solid Waste does not cover industrial discharge in my opinion. According to the SWM rules, 

1. Waste segregation at source is mandatory. Households are required to separate waste.

2. Manufacturers of FMCG that use non-biodegradable packaging are required to put in place a system to collect the packaging waste generated due to their production.

3. No non-recyclable waste having a calorific value of 1,500 Kcal/kg or more is permitted in landfills. These wastes should either be utilized for generating energy or for preparing refuse derived fuel. 

Industrial discharges usually end up in water streams and is not a part of Solid Waste. 

Agog,
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what would be the correct answer? 

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I remember reading a doubt about paddy fields being part of wetlands or something. I don't know if this helps, but I just read that under the Guidelines for implementing the 2017 Wetland Rules, that river channels and paddy fields are not to be notified under the Wetland Rules. 
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