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Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2020

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 68 others like this
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hey can u help me here.

i am searching for The art and architecture discussion video on SFG level 2. I am not able to find it. can anyone tell me which video is the one.

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Now that Bahrain has also signed Abraham accords ....den in case ques who all are party to abraham Accords ... what shud b the answer?
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Laxmikanth unfortunately explicitly states that states cannot legislate on fundamental rights. Gots to be careful.

We must also bear in mind that rights that cast negative injunction on the State (within Article 12) are sole prerogative of the Parliament to legislate for the sake of uniformity of enforcement across the territory (within  Article 1) of India. The book might be trying to convey this message.
However, it must be made abundantly clear that unless a state law violates FRs, it cannot be declared void just because it is a legislation concerning FRs! => Such a state legislation will see light of the day.


We must also appreciate the minds of the makers of the Constitution. Take a look at Article 16. Article 16(3) mentions the word "Parliament" and blah blah. The very next, Article 16(4) uses the word "State" and blah blah.

These words have been carefully weighed up and written. We cannot discount the wisdom inherent in them in a casual manner. 

Very true :) thank you for such a detailed answer.

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After 3rd Judges case, Transfer of Judges require opinion of collegium of 4 Judges+CJI and their appointment the collegium is of 2Judges+CJI only? Is this right or am I missing something?

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After 3rd Judges case, Transfer of Judges require opinion of collegium of 4 Judges+CJI and their appointment the collegium is of 2Judges+CJI only? Is this right or am I missing something?

Yes, transfer of HC judges is 4+1; while appointment of HC judges is 2+1. Whereas appointment of SC judges is 4+1

Zlatan07,
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@thepolicydreamer This is what is written in Laxmikanth. I think it's because if there's not more institutional protection against transfers there might come a situation where transfers happen at a whim or punishment etc. 


thepolicydreamer,
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mhs11 said

After 3rd Judges case, Transfer of Judges require opinion of collegium of 4 Judges+CJI and their appointment the collegium is of 2Judges+CJI only? Is this right or am I missing something?

Yes, transfer of HC judges is 4+1; while appointment of HC judges is 2+1. Whereas appointment of SC judges is 4+1

Thanks a lot! Did not make sense to me in 1st instance, so asked. Appointment requiring only 2+1 but transfer requiring 4+1. May be the chances of punitive action is more in case of transfers, that's why.

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dragon_rider said

@thepolicydreamer This is what is written in Laxmikanth. I think it's because if there's not more institutional protection against transfers there might come a situation where transfers happen at a whim or punishment etc. 


Yes, most probably that would be the reason to put more safegaurds in transfer than even appointment.

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Guys, answer is given as A.

I understand principle of remote sensing isnt directly in use in telecommunications, but it definitely has application in Traffic studies right?

Help pliss. 

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@Patootie I don't think remote sensing can be used for traffic studies. Remote sensing is basically when electromagnetic waves are used to detect various features about an area. So this would not help in traffic studies. 


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Guys, answer is given as A.

I understand principle of remote sensing isnt directly in use in telecommunications, but it definitely has application in Traffic studies right?

Help pliss. 

Yes! Remote sensing can be used for traffic studies. Only reason I can think of for A being the answer is that we haven’t  used remote sensing for traffic studies in India yet.

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@Patootie I don't think remote sensing can be used for traffic studies. Remote sensing is basically when electromagnetic waves are used to detect various features about an area. So this would not help in traffic studies. 


CARTOSAT uses remote sensing, no? @mhs11 @dragon_rider 

Thanks for your response guys! :)


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CARTOSAT uses remote sensing, no? @mhs11 @dragon_rider 

Thanks for your response guys! :)


Yep. Remote sensing simply means getting data ( typically of earth surface)from a distance(typically from satellites) and making ‘sense’ out of it. So all earth observation satellites obviously use remote sensing.

Patootie,
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So the Constitution mentions that in order to be appointed the Attorney General; person should be qualified tovbe SC Judge. Well , I'm guessing if you're 65 you are  no longer qualified to be an SC Judge. Yet we have had AG's above 65? (No grudges against KKV here, the guy is fab!)
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Consider the following actions which the Government can take:

  1. Devaluing the domestic currency.
  2. Reduction in the export subsidy.
  3. Adopting suitable policies which attract greater FDI and more funds from FIIs.

Which of the above action/actions can help in reducing the current account deficit?

(a.) 1 and 2

(b.) 2 and 3

(c.) 3 only

(d.) 1 and 3

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@Oatmeal D is the right answer. I'm assuming your confusion is on option 3. While it is true that FDI is part of the capital account, an increased inflow into FDI could help boost exports and reduce imports which would result in a reduced current account deficit. It's not a direct result, but an indirect one. For example, currently we are heavily dependent on imports of API in pharmaceuticals. Now assume we got a large amount of FDI into that sector and thus we are able to produce more API domestically. This would result in our import of API to decrease which would reduce the current account deficit. 


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@dragon_rider hey! I was leaning towards D as well, for the same reason as stated by you and also that FII and FDI may also have impact on strengthening the rupee thereby decreasing the cost of imports. However, many answer keys had marked 1&2 as the correct option!! Thanks!! 

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@Oatmeal Woah 2 can never be correct. Reducing export subsidies would decrease exports and increase the current account deficit. 


Oatmeal,
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@dragon_rider Vision being one of them


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GDP data is released by NSO or CSO? Have found both of them given in different sources. Even in PT 365 at 2 places it has been given differently. Is it because both of them have merged and now the answer would be NSO releases GDP data?

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