Factoids for Prelims 2021 - ForumIAS

Factoids for Prelims 2021

Hi,

Ranyo Ashoka, Himalayan nettle, Denisovan - Who would have thought of such random questions?

Creating this thread with the sole purpose of sharing facts that can be relevant for Prelims. While there is always this thought, that there is no end to learning and mugging up facts, but if we observe closely - the options are not very close and elimination is easy. By pooling our resources here, if we give it one reading also, the probability of retaining it on the D day and eliminating options increases exponentially. 

I request the aspirants to actively contribute here and let's hope that we strike gold on 31st ;). 

jack_Sparrow,curious_kidand112 otherslike this
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437 comments

@Conquer Bhai itna close toh apan chhod dega.....riqs nai lena bilkul ;P


Conquer,
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@sstarrr answer is in same order. Riyadh seems to be more northern than other two if one looks map but it's not. 

Order from N to S Manama, Doha, Dubai, Riyadh

Oh! But I solved one test series as well - there it was abu dhabi and riyadh - made a guess on similar lines. If we don't trust maps then who do we trust then? It clearly shows dubai to be the southern most. 

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@jassikamboj16303 Yahi Karna padega. Btw I don't think such question will come because cities in this question are very close and if such types of questions will come then the chances of selecting wrong option is very high.
Rather question may be like this; 
if we draw a horizontal line from doha then will it cross Dubai. The answer is Yes.


jassikamboj16303,
2.8k views
@sstarrr Abu Dhabi wasn't there in this question.
Well, what we see in maps are 2D in rectangular format but duninya to gol hai.
That's one of that sometimes few cities seems to be more northern than other but if we a latitude then we would get the answer.
Example: Agra and Darjiling share almost same latitude but it seems Darjiling is more northern than agra.


2.8k views
@sstarrr Abu Dhabi wasn't there in this question.
Well, what we see in maps are 2D in rectangular format but duninya to gol hai.
That's one of that sometimes few cities seems to be more northern than other but if we a latitude then we would get the answer.
Example: Agra and Darjiling share almost same latitude but it seems Darjiling is more northern than agra.


I will also leave itna close wala question. 

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IBBI and IFSCA have also been made members of FSDC
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Did anyone have last minute revision notes for national parks, sanctuaries and species in news ? If so please share.
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upsc2020,Conquerand3 otherslike this
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Qeqertaq Avannarleq:

It is a tiny, uninhabited and previously unknown island discovered recently off the coast of Greenland.
It has now become the new northernmost piece of land on Earth.
Before this, Oodaaq was marked as the Earth’s northernmost terrain.
jassikamboj16303,Hornbilland1 otherslike this
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Tidal disruption event
A tidal disruption event is an astronomical phenomenon that occurs when a star approaches sufficiently close to a supermassive black hole and is pulled apart by the black hole’s tidal force, experiencing spaghettification.
Spaghettification
 In astrophysics, spaghettification (sometimes referred to as the noodle effect) is the vertical stretching and horizontal compression of objects into long thin shapes (rather like spaghetti) in a very strong non-homogeneous gravitational field; it is caused by extreme tidal forces
Karman line
The Kármán line is an attempt to define a boundary between Earth’s atmosphere and outer space
Mendelian disorder
• Mendelian disorders are a result of a mutation at a single genetic locus. This locus could be present on an autosome or a sex chromosome.
• It can manifest itself in either dominant or recessive-mode.
• Example - Thalassemia, sickle cell anaemia, cystic fibrosis, Haemophilia etc.
Kessler syndrome
• The Kessler Syndrome is a theoretical scenario in which Earth's orbit is overpopulated with objects and debris, preventing the use of satellites in certain sections of Earth's orbit

REPLACE campaign
World Health Organization (WHO) has launched comprehensive plan “REPLACE” to eliminate industrially-produced artificial trans-fats from global food supply by 2023.


chamomile,jassikamboj16303and1 otherslike this
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Anti defection law related rules:

1. Presiding Officer (PO) empowered to make rules.

2. Must place those rules before House for 30 days-House can approve, modify, disprove them. 

3. PO has no suo moto power to take up cases-must act only if he receives complaint by a member.

4. PO may refer the matter to Committee of Privileges  for inquiry.

Reason-these days they are asking rules and committees which werent asked earlier.  

Conquer,Ranjitand2 otherslike this
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Deleted

Pharmingis cyber-attack aiming toredirect a website's traffic to another, bogus website

Cyber-Squattingis an act of registering, trafficking in, or using a domain name with an intent toprofit from the goodwill of a trademark belonging to someone else.

Denial of Services (DoS) attackis an attack intended for denying access to computer resource without permission of the owner

 

A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attackis an attempt to make an online service unavailable byoverwhelming it with traffic from multiple sources.

ATrojan horseis not a virus. It is a destructive program that looks as a genuine application.Unlike viruses, Trojan horses do not replicatethemselves but they can be just as destructive. Trojansopen a backdoor entryto your computer which gives malicious users/programs access to your system, allowing confidential and personal information to be theft.

Phishingis a type of fraud that involvesstealing personal informationsuch as Customer ID, IPIN, Credit/Debit Card number, Card expiry date, CVV number, etc.through"emails" that appear to be from a legitimate source.

Smishingis a type of fraud thatuses mobile phone "text messages"tolure victims into calling backon a fraudulent phone number, visiting fraudulent websites or downloading malicious content via phone or web.

Vishingis an attempt wherefraudsters try to seek personal informationlike Customer ID, Net Banking password, ATM PIN, OTP, Card expiry date, CVV etc.through a phone call.

SIM Swap Scamoccurs whenfraudsters manage to get a new SIM card issued against a registered mobile number fraudulently through the mobile service provider. With the help of this new SIM card, they get One Time Password (OTP) and alerts, required for making financial transactions through victim's bank account. Getting a new SIM card against a registered mobile number fraudulently is known as SIM Swap.

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@jassikamboj16303 Formatting is derailed.....please adjust lol 


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1. Bacteriophage-viruses that infect bacteria

2. Mycovirus-viruses that infect fungi

3. Baculovirus-viruses that infect insects (used as biopesticides)

upsc2020,Conquerand1 otherslike this
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Anti Non Co-operation organisation started by Purshootam Thakurdas.
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Anti Non Co-operation organisation started by Purshootam Thakurdas.

Anti-Non-Cooperation Association 1920 was started by big businessmen of Bombay in 1920 against the Non-Cooperation/Khilafat Movement (1920-1921). It was established by Jamnadas Dwarkadas, Purshottamdas Thaukrdass, Cowasji Jehangir, Pheroze Sethna and Setalvad. The businessmen of Bombay felt that the movement would encourage the labour strikes which in Bombay Presidency turned out be violent at earlier occasion. 

Conquer,sstarrr
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India export which oilseed the most?? Produced the most??
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