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Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2021

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 71 others like this
132.9k views

1.2k comments

Regarding disciplinary matters relating to Central Services and All India Services, is Central government required to consult both CVC and UPSC?
738 views
Can Centre give directions to the states on items in the State List or Concurrent List? If yes, will its violation lead to imposition of President's rule in that state?

Only grave constitutional failure amount to president rule. The court have right of judicial review if the aggrieved party go to the court.

721 views
Which of the following can reduce the deficit in Balance of Payments?
1. Reducing import custom duties
2. Restrictive monetary policy
3. Appreciation of domestic currency
Select the correct answer using the code given below
A. 3 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 2 only
D. None

how will appreciation of currency impact balance of payment?
will it increase the deficit? because then imports will become cheaper.
713 views
Which of the following can reduce the deficit in Balance of Payments?
1. Reducing import custom duties
2. Restrictive monetary policy
3. Appreciation of domestic currency
Select the correct answer using the code given below
A. 3 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 2 only
D. None

how will appreciation of currency impact balance of payment?
will it increase the deficit? because then imports will become cheaper.



When currency is appreciated, exports are impacted negatively and imports positively. But, since India is an import dependent economy, the overall effect would be on the positive side, thus, improving the balance of payments.

Likewise, for any economy which is import dependent, appreciation of its domestic currency would improve BoP. Thus, answer should be A.

upsc2020, TabsAndChords
689 views

In Laxmikant, in the chapter Election Commission(6th edition page- 42.4):

It is mentioned that " They hold the office for a term of 6 years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier".

Also, under the flaws it is mentioned:

"The Constitution has not specified the term of members of the Election Commission".


Both the statements look contradictory to me, could please someone clarify what I am missing.

647 views

In Laxmikant, in the chapter Election Commission(6th edition page- 42.4):

It is mentioned that " They hold the office for a term of 6 years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier".

Also, under the flaws it is mentioned:

"The Constitution has not specified the term of members of the Election Commission".


Both the statements look contradictory to me, could please someone clarify what I am missing.

Term is not mentioned in the Constitution. It is mentioned in one of the statutes - Election Commission Act, 1991, if I am right.

651 views
Under which Act do people of Puducherry have voting rights in France and are allowed to carry a French passport?  
658 views

In Laxmikant, in the chapter Election Commission(6th edition page- 42.4):

It is mentioned that " They hold the office for a term of 6 years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier".

Also, under the flaws it is mentioned:

"The Constitution has not specified the term of members of the Election Commission".


Both the statements look contradictory to me, could please someone clarify what I am missing.

Term is not mentioned in the Constitution. It is mentioned in one of the statutes - Election Commission Act, 1991, if I am right.

Thanks!

609 views
Under which Act do people of Puducherry have voting rights in France and are allowed to carry a French passport?  

? Not possible for Indian citizens. 

A treaty giving back the French colony of Pondicherry to India was signed in August 1962. According to the treaty, people living in Pudu were given a six-month period to claim French citizenship. 




RonWeasley,
736 views
Under which Act do people of Puducherry have voting rights in France and are allowed to carry a French passport?  

? Not possible for Indian citizens. 

A treaty giving back the French colony of Pondicherry to India was signed in August 1962. According to the treaty, people living in Pudu were given a six-month period to claim French citizenship. 




So, they are like any other foreigners living in India?

583 views

Is the max. number of seats in the Lok Sabha decreased to 550 from 552 due to the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act?


595 views
@sankalpr91 Centre can legislate on things mentioned in the State List under certain conditions: the imposition of National Emergency, President's Rule, resolution of Rajya Sabha, to fulfill international treaty conditions, or if the the states make such a request. It can also legislate for things under the Concurrent List which the state govt. is obligated to execute. If the state govts. don't, I believe it can be grounds for implementing President's Rule under Article 365.


594 views
Under which Act do people of Puducherry have voting rights in France and are allowed to carry a French passport?  

? Not possible for Indian citizens. 

A treaty giving back the French colony of Pondicherry to India was signed in August 1962. According to the treaty, people living in Pudu were given a six-month period to claim French citizenship. 




So, they are like any other foreigners living in India?

Yes..

711 views

Is the max. number of seats in the Lok Sabha decreased to 550 from 552 due to the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act?


No. It is still 552.

568 views
@sankalpr91 Centre can legislate on things mentioned in the State List under certain conditions: the imposition of National Emergency, President's Rule, resolution of Rajya Sabha, to fulfill international treaty conditions, or if the the states make such a request. It can also legislate for things under the Concurrent List which the state govt. is obligated to execute. If the state govts. don't, I believe it can be grounds for implementing President's Rule under Article 365.


What I meant was giving directions i.e. executive directions. I know that recommendations can be given, but will they count as executive directions? 


In Laxmikanth, a specific set of issues have been mentioned for which such directions can be given like for Railways, Communications, etc.

I encountered a question in an MCQ of some institute, where giving directions on Agriculture topic was treated as a wrong statement. But, I was not convinced.

567 views
@sankalpr91 This I am not sure of since the Centre gave directions to the states for dealing with COVID even though public health is in the state list.


557 views


What is the impact of inflation on export and import?

From what I think,

inflation -> prices increases -> prices of raw material, labour incr -> final cost of product incr -> product becomes less favourable in global market -> export decreases -> but import incr.


Am I right or wrong?

Below mentioned snapshot is from Ramesh Singh's book. It says export and imports both increases. Please correct me - what is right?



566 views
Has vision full length pre test sm unexpected ques eg senna spectabilis,salmonella bacteria etc or nly me finding it odd??sm1 plz clarify.
587 views

Agog said

Has vision full length pre test sm unexpected ques eg senna sepctabilis,salmonella bacteria etc or nly me finding it odd??sm1 plz clarify.

There's nothing odd. Everyone's expecting questions on diseases and pathogens in Prelims this year. One cannot know all, restrict to the list in NCERT. 

Patrick_jane, Agog
944 views
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