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Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2020

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 68 others like this
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Can High Court hear the appeals against the orders of National Green Tribunal?

Supreme court. But Telangana HC has agreed to hear appeal.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/high-court-to-hear-appeal-against-ngt-order/article26401062.ece




Patrick_jane,
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Consider the following statements regarding loss of Citizenship in India:

1. The Constitution does not provide any grounds for loss of Indian citizenship of a person. 

2. The Central Government can terminate Indian citizenship of a citizen who has shown disloyalty towards the Constitution.


Regarding statement 2, Central govt can deprive only for naturalised and registered citizens, right? So if there is a statement like #2 in exam, which POV should we consider? 

Thanks :)

Patrick_jane,
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@forumiasacademy 

Regarding corrigendum SFG 2.0 Level 2 , Test 6, July 22

Question 9

Your explanation "The Central Government can deprive (not terminate) Indian citizenship of a citizen who has shown disloyalty towards the Constitution"

According to Laxmikant deprivation means compulsory termination which make statement 2 correct. I.e. central government can deprive ( compulsorily terminate) rather than automatically terminated. 

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Consider the following statements regarding loss of Citizenship in India:

1. The Constitution does not provide any grounds for loss of Indian citizenship of a person. 

2. The Central Government can terminate Indian citizenship of a citizen who has shown disloyalty towards the Constitution.


Regarding statement 2, Central govt can deprive only for naturalised and registered citizens, right? So if there is a statement like #2 in exam, which POV should we consider? 

Thanks :)

Statement 2 is correct. POV regd?

Citizenship can be deprived under the following:

Subject to the provisions of this section, the Central Government may, by order, deprive any such citizen of Indian citizenship, if it is satisfied that-


(a) the registration or certificate of naturalization was obtained by means of fraud, false representation or the concealment of any material fact; or


(b) that citizen has shown himself by act or speech to be disloyal or disaffected towards the Constitution of India as by law established; or


(c) that citizen has, during any war in which India may be engaged, unlawfully traded or communicated with an enemy or been engaged in, or associated with, any business that was to his knowledge carried on in such manner as to assist an enemy in that war; or


(d) that citizen has, within five years after registration or naturalization, been sentenced in any country to imprisonment for a term of not less than two years; or


(e) that citizen has been ordinarily resident, out of India for a continuous period of seven years, and during that period, has neither been at any time a student of any educational institution in a country outside India or in the service of a Government in India or of an international organization of which India is a member, not registered annually in the prescribed manner at an Indian consulate his intention to retain his citizenship of India.

https://www.advocatekhoj.com/library/bareacts/citizenship/10.phpTitle=Citizenship%20Act,%201955&STitle=Deprivation%20of%20citizenship

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@upsc2020 Hey hello sir, long time no see? :) Hope you are doing well :)
Actually govt can only deprive citizenship, right? They cant terminate it on grounds of disloyalty?
And also, this deprivation of citizenship applies only to naturalised and registered citizens, correct?



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@GreenArrow sir what do you mean by deprivation then. Isn't it termination by an authority. Or anything else? 

As per Laxmikant it means compulsory termination. I.e it will not be terminated automatically but by an authority.

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@forumiasacademy 

Regarding SFG 2.0 Test 7, July 23

Question 24

Consider the following statements regarding the National Commission for Backward Classes:

1. It has been conferred a Constitutional status by the 102nd Amendment Act.

2. It has been vested with all the powers of a civil court while trying a suit

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

The option 2 framed indicate that it has all the power of civil court including pronouncing judgements and imposing fine and punishment which is binding. But that is not the case with NCBC. 

It has all the power of civil court wrt summoning, production of evidence etc..

Please clarify.

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@SanjayP Hey, 
citizenship can be lost in 3 ways;
1. By renunciation - which is voluntary (by citizen himself)
2. By termination - when he acquires other country citizenship (by law. Automatically)
3. By deprivation - By govt on the grounds (disloyalty, imprisonment.....)
Central govt can deprive citizenship on disloyalty. They cant 'terminate' citizenship.

Patrick_jane,
508 views
@SanjayP All the powers 'while trying' a suit means it will have all the powers a civil court has before it pronounces a judgment, imposes fine/punishment. It means whatever powers a civil court has in the trial process (summoning someone, receiving affidavits, public records, etc), NCBC also does (while it is investigating any matter). 


RonWeasley,
458 views
How is Tamil Nadu class 12 for modern Indian history ?
450 views

Rewl1 said

How is Tamil Nadu class 12 for modern Indian history ?

Has some facts not consistent with NCERT. Should be avoided.

Rewl1,
430 views
@upsc2020 Hey hello sir, long time no see? :) Hope you are doing well :)
Actually govt can only deprive citizenship, right? They cant terminate it on grounds of disloyalty?
And also, this deprivation of citizenship applies only to naturalised and registered citizens, correct?



Hi, I am good. Hope you have been well :)


1. Citizenship is terminated either by renunciation or acquisition of citizenship of another country.

2. Deprivation on the grounds stated above.

So yes, in that case Statement 2 is wrong. 

GreenArrow,
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Hi,

I gave my first attempt/mains in 2019 but couldn't clear it. 

While i was trying to figure what went wrong - one important thing was proper deconstruction of some of the questions! For example in these questions, what heads/dimensions one need to cover  - can anyone experienced, who cleared this year's mains can answer? =     

1. ‘In the context of neo-liberal paradigm of development planning, multi-level planning is expected to make operations cost effective and remove many implementation blockages.’-Discuss. 

2. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of policy process – Discuss

3. What introduces friction into the ties between India and the United States is that Washington is still unable to find for India a position in its global strategy, which would satisfy India’s National self- esteem and ambitions” Explain with suitable examples

4. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of policy process – Discuss

For example in 1st one, what i wrote was = 1. Definition of Development Planning2. Key components of Planning (in neoliberal paradigm), example - Role of PPP, Use of Indices, Inter-sectoral convergence, Local level Plans, Bureaucracy, Use of Pragmatism, etc.3. Issues faced in current planning models = Corruption, Red tapism, bureaucratic delays, Over-centralization4. Definition of Multi-level Planning 5. Significance of Multi-level planning = Bottom up approach, auditing, participation of local level community, etc.6. Case Study of Jal Jeevan Mission (Local Level Planning, Paani Panchayat)7. Conclusion 

My question is - it has been asked about making operations cost effective and remove multiple implementation blockages; So how these be focused in the point? Should i go more deep and dig into specifically how it makes operations cost effective and remove implementation blockages. 

This issue I have faced in almost all the "discuss" wale question with a statement. Can anyone tell me how to deal with these questions; Should i deconstruct them in generic - About, Issue, Solutions type or should i specifically deal with the complex statements given in the question? 

Say in the 3rd question, should i only write = what are the contentious points between USA and India and how should India approach them or should i deconstruct in What position USA is aspiring for India, What India wants, How there is conflict.... ? 

Similarly in the 4th question should i focus specifically and dig why there is lack of awareness and why there is no active involvement at all stages of policy process or simply = What Schemes, Issue in Schemes, and Way forward types? Please help here. Would appreciate! 


You already have all the points advantages of MLP. You just need to link it together. For ex. MLP -> local participation ->better idea about local needs, resources, aspirations -> hence better implementation, more efficient use of resources ->which leds cost effectiveness and optimum utilisation of resource.

Similarly, you can link MLP -> social audit -> increased transparency, reduced corruption -> cost saving and better implementation of schemes.

In the 4th question, you can describe the stages of policy process like policy formulation stage, policy implementation stage, policy monitoring and evaluation stage. Then can give reasons for for their lack involvement and awareness at each stage. For ex. not having experts involved during formulation or no proper training or capacity building for those implementing the policy, etc. Then can give a case study of some specific scheme for vulnerable section and your proposal for improving the policy process

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Can anyone please clarify this?

The Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh share one common HC. Except for Delhi rest of the HCs come under the jurisdiction of different state HCs.

So is the statement "Delhi is the only UT that has a HC of its own" still correct or not? 

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@CSE20 I believe it to be natural consequence of the statement. And what does it mean by "rest of the HC's come under the jurisdiction of different state HC's? A state HC is just that, a state specific HC with its jurisdiction as provided and a principle seat.


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@CSE20 I believe it to be natural consequence of the statement. And what does it mean by "rest of the HC's come under the jurisdiction of different state HC's? A state HC is just that, a state specific HC with its jurisdiction as provided and a principle seat.


Sorry for the typo! Meant other UTs  (except Delhi, J&K, Ladakh) come under jurisdiction of other state HCs. 

I got your point. Thank you! 

easygoing,
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Difference between Fast Track Courts and Tribunal?


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Hi can someone please explain John Rawl's Contractualism in simple language ?
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can anyone explain difference in sarfaesi act and ibc
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Consider the following statements regarding the Earth's magnetic field:

1. The orientation of the Earth's magnetic field is aligned with the Earth's geographic North- South poles.

2. Of all the heavenly bodies in the Solar system, only Earth is known to have a magnetic field.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a 1 only
b 2 only
c Both 1 and 2
d Neither 1 nor 2

pls explain the first statement and how it is wrong
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