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Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2020

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 68 others like this
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@upsc2020 can plz provide snapshot of the same i.e.Ncert list of pathogens and disease??


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tamtar said


What is the impact of inflation on export and import?

From what I think,

inflation -> prices increases -> prices of raw material, labour incr -> final cost of product incr -> product becomes less favourable in global market -> export decreases -> but import incr.


Am I right or wrong?

Below mentioned snapshot is from Ramesh Singh's book. It says export and imports both increases. Please correct me - what is right?



Both explanations are correct. During inflation, domestic currency can get weakened and this would impact exports positively. But, this impact would be short-term only. 

If inflation stays for long-term, then due to increased cost of the final product, the exports will eventually decrease. Also, in this case, imports will increase as the cost of the same basket of products may get cheaper on importing, rather manufacturing domestically. This is a disaster for any economy!

tamtar,
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 I have a doubt regarding the Waman Rao case and Coelho case. 

What i understand is -

Waman Rao case 1981 reiterated that the basic structure doctrine would be applicable for the laws made post April 23rd 1973 (Kesavanand bharti case) This would mean basic structure doctrine is applicable only for post April 23rd 1973 amendments and not for the ones made before this date. 

And Coelho case 2007 says - anything put under 9th schedule post April 23,1973 would be under Judicial review

Is this interpretation correct? 

Also - If the laws put under schedule 9 are anyways subject to judicial review then what is the point of putting them in that schedule in the first place. 

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Anjali8 said

 I have a doubt regarding the Waman Rao case and Coelho case. 

What i understand is -

Waman Rao case 1981 reiterated that the basic structure doctrine would be applicable for the laws made post April 23rd 1973 (Kesavanand bharti case) This would mean basic structure doctrine is applicable only for post April 23rd 1973 amendments and not for the ones made before this date. 

And Coelho case 2007 says - anything put under 9th schedule post April 23,1973 would be under Judicial review

Is this interpretation correct? 

Also - If the laws put under schedule 9 are anyways subject to judicial review then what is the point of putting them in that schedule in the first place. 

Your interpretation is correct. No Amendment can change the basic structure of the Constitution.

In that sense, there is no point of putting a law under Schedule 9. But, this is only an opinion. SC has never mentioned any such thing about Schedule 9.


IMO, SC will make a statement that Schedule 9 has lost its significance in modern times, in some or the other judgment soon. In fact, the Tamil Nadu reservation case is still pending in SC

Casablanca, tamtar
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@sankalpr91 ponder over ths-speaker decision under 10th schedule s open 2 judicial review.So should speaker stop deciding itself??Anyway "its open 2",not evry amendment in practice judiciary wud luk in.Hope u get it.


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@Casablanca Application 2 post 24 April 1973 amendments=! Cant apply 4 ones made b4.Its just clearing the aura.Plz dont self decipher laws whch r mostly dry bones!!
Casablanca,
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Agog said

@upsc2020 can plz provide snapshot of the same i.e.Ncert list of pathogens and disease??


Please refer to these chapters. It should suffice. Also in our 10000 Question thread, we have practiced many such questions. 


http://ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/l/lebo108.pdf

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Agog said

@sankalpr91 ponder over ths-speaker decision under 10th schedule s open 2 judicial review.So should speaker stop deciding itself??Anyway "its open 2",not evry amendment in practice judiciary wud luk in.Hope u get it.


I think you are comparing Schedule 9 with Schedule 10.

Schedule 9 is a special case wherein laws were thought to be immune from any judicial review. But, now they are not. And this significantly downplays the very meaning of Schedule 9.

The only meaning that remains are the archaic laws enacted before April, 1973

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Is the max. number of seats in the Lok Sabha decreased to 550 from 552 due to the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act?


NOT YET ACT...  states need to ratify.

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@tamtar If inflation takes place, effectively depreciation of currency takes place since you can now buy less number of goods with the same amount of money you had before inflation took place. Now since depreciation of currency occurred, exports become cheaper and imports become more expensive. Thus, exports increase while the imports decrease. This is why in the parenthesis it's stated the value of export decreases. That is, the amount needed to buy one unit of that export decreases (in terms of foreign currency) but the overall volume of the exports would increase since the purchasing power of the foreign currency would increase.


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Agog said

@upsc2020 Thnx a tonne.Wht abt list of such species lik sena spectabilis??


I did not cover such species ever. One can't learn everything. NCERT + News. If at all a question about these is asked in UPSC, you will be able to eliminate mostly. If you can share the question, let me see if there's an easy way to solve it. 

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Has anyone watched Unacademy's 11 hour marathon lecture for Current Affairs? How was it? Should I watch? Did they really covered all important topics of past year?
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Agog said

Was unable 2 solve either!

I would have not attempted Senna Question as I too was unaware. Upon some digging I found that it was in news in September. Invasive species. Was covered in the Hindu. 

Pheratophytes is covered in NCERT, also it has been asked in CAPF last year or 2018.

Therefore, my advice would be to limit to newspaper and ncert. One cannot get all 100 right. Don't worry. What is not from these two sources, hardly anyone would get it right.

Agog,
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@upsc2020 i need ncert link/pdf of chapter wher pheratophyte s given plz.


,
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Agog said

@upsc2020 i need ncert link/pdf of chapter wher pheratophyte s given plz.


Sorry confused with my Bio text of class 12th. Not available in NCERT. 

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Can the president of India deny his assent to a bill?

Yes he can do that. Mainly under two circumstances -

1. in case of private member bill 

2. public bill passed by both the houses but before the president assent - the new govt comes up. In such case - if the new govt. asks the president to deny the assent then he has to. 

This aspect is also covered under article 74 thus this denial is not discretional i think. 

upsc2020, simransingh
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