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Doubt Clearance Thread: UPSC 2020

"When in doubt, observe and ask questions. When certain, observe at length and ask many more questions."

Created this thread as a one stop solution for all members so that all the doubts wherein any conceptual clarification is required can be solved here. 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 68 others like this
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Which is the Northernmost IVC Site ?

1. Manda , J&K

2.Shortugai, Afghanistan 

I am finding Mixed answers everywhere even wiki says both are northenmost IVC ? 

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Which is the Northernmost IVC Site ?

1. Manda , J&K

2.Shortugai, Afghanistan 

I am finding Mixed answers everywhere even wiki says both are northenmost IVC ? 

Its Shortughai. 


Manda was Considered the northernmost IVC site until the discovery of Shortugai

ArchAngel96, Mettle
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Can someone tell me what is the maximum strength of Supreme Court Judges ? 33 or 34 ? 

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@Impavid_Girl 34 - including CJI


Impavid_Girl,
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Oasis said

» show previous quotes

Its Shortughai. 


Manda was Considered the northernmost IVC site until the discovery of Shortugai

Manda is mentioned as northernmost in the standard books. Also, wiki of both Manda and Shortughai mention them as the northernmost site!

It is clear from maps that Shortughai is north of Manda.

Can someone confirm what is mentioned in the latest NCERT ? Whatever is mentioned there, I guess we should go by that only since Shortughai is not a new discovery. It was discovered decades ago

ArchAngel96,
555 views

@forumiasacademy 

TEST 4

QUESTION NO 30

Consider the following statements regarding Office of Governor:

1. According to the Constitution, Governor should be appointed by President on consultation with Chief Minister of State.

2. The Office of Governor plays the dual role as constitutional head of state and as an agent of Central Government.

The answer key and Laxmikanth says that Governor acts as AGENT OF CENTRE, which is true in reality, But aren't they called so in a derogatory way?

So will this not make the 2nd statement wrong?

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@forumiasacademy 

TEST 4

QUESTION NO 30

Consider the following statements regarding Office of Governor:

1. According to the Constitution, Governor should be appointed by President on consultation with Chief Minister of State.

2. The Office of Governor plays the dual role as constitutional head of state and as an agent of Central Government.

The answer key and Laxmikanth says that Governor acts as AGENT OF CENTRE, which is true in reality, But aren't they called so in a derogatory way?

So will this not make the 2nd statement wrong?

Both statements are wrong.

Governor is not an agent of the centre. He is the head of the state and has many discretionary powers under him including constitutional discretion

TAUREAN294,
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Hello!

Could someone please explain the Buddhist concepts of Pavarana and Uposatha?

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Hello!

Could someone please explain the Buddhist concepts of Pavarana and Uposatha?

The ritual of Pavarana marks the end of the three months rain retreat or vassavasa that generally starts in July. During these three months period, the monks don't travel and stay in a Monastery. Pavarana is the closing ceremony of this retreat. Thus, it is the end of their stay within the confines of the monastery. According to scriptures, the monks could confess on Pavarana about mistakes/sins they made at monastery during the three-month rain retreat.

Uposatha day is the day of observance. The monks come together primarily on full moon night and reiterate the rules of monastic order.

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Agog said

Can sm1 plz calrify snt Brown carbon as GHG taken up by plants??

Brown carbon is a general term for GHG emissions. Hence, statement 2 is wrong.

Agog,
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Whts the difference between Central Ground Water Authority and Central Ground Water Board??
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@Agog I am not sure,but I guess generally "authority" is some sort of regulatory bodies who doesn't executive projects or works itself unlike "board" which is  real executive body .


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Where I can get preliminary previous years questions of CDS,CAPF and other such exams conducted by UPSC?
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Is there any pdf with segregated sub-topics for MAINS? 

Please attach the links.

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Agog said

Whts the difference between Central Ground Water Authority and Central Ground Water Board??

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), is a multi-disciplinary scientific organization of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. It is the National Apex Agency entrusted with the responsibilities of providing scientific inputs for management, exploration, monitoring, assessment, augmentation and regulation of ground water resources of the country. Central Ground Water Board was established in 1970 by renaming the Exploratory Tube wells Organization under the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. It was merged with the Ground Water Wing of the Geological Survey of India during 1972.

Central Ground Water Authority has been constituted under Section 3 (3) of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to regulate and control development and management of ground water resources in the country.

Agog,
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Does a district have zila parishad and nagar panchayat at the same time?

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Hello friends, have two doubts, first is this year budget relevant anymore after the announcement of atmanirbhar bharat package , second, is economic survey that much relevant given the changed economic scenario within and outside the country? How we should be going about these two documents for exam now ? Please answer. My first question on forum
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Can someone please explain me "full faith and credit" clause in Art 261?
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Hi,

I gave my first attempt/mains in 2019 but couldn't clear it. 

While i was trying to figure what went wrong - one important thing was proper deconstruction of some of the questions! For example in these questions, what heads/dimensions one need to cover  - can anyone experienced, who cleared this year's mains can answer? =     

1. ‘In the context of neo-liberal paradigm of development planning, multi-level planning is expected to make operations cost effective and remove many implementation blockages.’-Discuss. 

2. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of policy process – Discuss

3. What introduces friction into the ties between India and the United States is that Washington is still unable to find for India a position in its global strategy, which would satisfy India’s National self- esteem and ambitions” Explain with suitable examples

4. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of policy process – Discuss

For example in 1st one, what i wrote was = 1. Definition of Development Planning2. Key components of Planning (in neoliberal paradigm), example - Role of PPP, Use of Indices, Inter-sectoral convergence, Local level Plans, Bureaucracy, Use of Pragmatism, etc.3. Issues faced in current planning models = Corruption, Red tapism, bureaucratic delays, Over-centralization4. Definition of Multi-level Planning 5. Significance of Multi-level planning = Bottom up approach, auditing, participation of local level community, etc.6. Case Study of Jal Jeevan Mission (Local Level Planning, Paani Panchayat)7. Conclusion 

My question is - it has been asked about making operations cost effective and remove multiple implementation blockages; So how these be focused in the point? Should i go more deep and dig into specifically how it makes operations cost effective and remove implementation blockages. 

This issue I have faced in almost all the "discuss" wale question with a statement. Can anyone tell me how to deal with these questions; Should i deconstruct them in generic - About, Issue, Solutions type or should i specifically deal with the complex statements given in the question? 

Say in the 3rd question, should i only write = what are the contentious points between USA and India and how should India approach them or should i deconstruct in What position USA is aspiring for India, What India wants, How there is conflict.... ? 

Similarly in the 4th question should i focus specifically and dig why there is lack of awareness and why there is no active involvement at all stages of policy process or simply = What Schemes, Issue in Schemes, and Way forward types? Please help here. Would appreciate! 

Patrick_jane,
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Can High Court hear the appeals against the orders of National Green Tribunal?
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