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Factoids for Prelims 2020

Hi,

Ranyo Ashoka, Himalayan nettle, Denisovan - Who would have thought of such random questions?

Creating this thread with the sole purpose of sharing facts that can be relevant for Prelims. While there is always this thought, that there is no end to learning and mugging up facts, but if we observe closely - the options are not very close and elimination is easy. By pooling our resources here, if we give it one reading also, the probability of retaining it on the D day and eliminating options increases exponentially. 

I request the aspirants to actively contribute here and let's hope that we strike gold on 31st ;). 

jack_Sparrow , curious_kid and 88 others like this
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Matribhasha Diwas is celebrated on 21st February to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism in the world, as well as to spread awareness about languages. Every year UNESCO celebrates International Mother Language Day with a new theme. The theme of this year (2020) is "Languages ​​without Borders" which means languages ​​across/devoid of geographical boundaries.


 

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Image result for sabang india

India is developing its maiden deep-sea port in Indonesia's Sabang close to Andaman and Nicobar Islands making its maiden foray in the southeast Asian amid China’s slew of connectivity plans for ASEAN under BRI.



samudragupt, hmmokay
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Mahawat in geographical terms refers to the winter rainfall that occurs in the Western part of India.

This rainfall is non-seasonal, and it occurs as a result of Western Disturbances.

The moisture for these rains comes from the Mediterranian sea and the Atlantic ocean.

These rains also bring along thunder and lightening with them.



Gochi, hmmokay
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Sonbhadra is the only district in India which borders four states, namely Madhya Pradesh in the west, Chhattishgarh in the south, Jharkhand in the south east and Bihar in the northeast.

Gochi, Artificial_intelligence and 6 others like this
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HGML's main mine is located at Hutti and the satellite mines are at Uti and Hirabuddini, all of which are located in the Raichur district. Hutti is an underground mine, Uti is an open-cast mine while Hirabuddini is an exploratory mine.

Gochi,
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The two major trans-regional routes of ancient time were known as the Uttarapatha and Dakshinapatha

The Uttarapatha was the major trans-regional trade route of northern India. It stretched from then north-west across the Indo-Gangetic plains, up to the port of Tamralipti on the Bay of Bengal. The Ashtadhyayi mentions various kingdoms located along it.The Uttarapatha was a land-cum-river route. 

The Dakshinapatha—the great southern trade route—is mentioned in the Artha-shastra, but waso operationalfrom the early historical period. It stretched from Pataliputra in Magadha to Pratishthanao onthe Godavari, and was also connected to ports on the western coas

ssver2, hmmokay
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Nepal has two tri-junctions with India and China. The one in dispute now is at Lipulekh in Kalapani, at the border of Uttarakhand with Nepal. India claims Kalapani as a part of Uttarakhand while Nepal depicts the area in its map. The second tri-junction is at Jhinsang Chuli in Nepal's east, bordering Sikkim.

ssver2, hmmokay
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Sonbhadra is the only district in India which borders four states, namely Madhya Pradesh in the west, Chhattishgarh in the south, Jharkhand in the south east and Bihar in the northeast.

Adding a small interesting info. Robertsganj is the hq of Sonbhadra district and hosts Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary. Why it is named as Roberts Gunj?

(PS: I think there should be a serious relook at this name. After all UP mei sheher ka naam badalna aasan hai !)

upsc2020, MAGNUM and 1 others like this
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Govt College Lahore recently honoured its alumni- Har Gobind Khorana. He won nobel as Indian US citizen in 1968. He is also credited for construction of first artificial gene, and making that gene functional in a bacteria cell.

ifssaraighat2016, hmmokay
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Also used in granting divorce for irretrievable breakdown of marriage (as the ground is not covered under Hindu Marriage Act of 1955)


Spock, 12432TrivendrumRajdhani
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Thai Magur fish banned

  • Thai Magur fish was banned by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in 2000.
  • The presence of Thai Magur in any water body destroys its ecological balance.
  • Thai Magur is a cannibal species that impacts the indigenous biodiversity and in-turn reduces the food base for water birds.
  • The Indian Magur does not engage in cannibalism like the Thai Magur.
  • Thai Magur are fed rotten meat with spinach which pollutes the water bodies. 
  • Thai Magurcarries diseases like Argulosis, commonly known as fish lice. 
  • Thai Magur is also believed to be carcinogenic.
hmmokay,
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Thai Magur fish banned

  • Thai Magur fish was banned by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in 2000.
  • The presence of Thai Magur in any water body destroys its ecological balance.
  • Thai Magur is a cannibal species that impacts the indigenous biodiversity and in-turn reduces the food base for water birds.
  • The Indian Magur does not engage in cannibalism like the Thai Magur.
  • Thai Magur are fed rotten meat with spinach which pollutes the water bodies. 
  • Thai Magurcarries diseases like Argulosis, commonly known as fish lice. 
  • Thai Magur is also believed to be carcinogenic.

Carcinogenic means something which causes cancer.

619 views

Thai Magur fish banned

  • Thai Magur fish was banned by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in 2000.
  • The presence of Thai Magur in any water body destroys its ecological balance.
  • Thai Magur is a cannibal species that impacts the indigenous biodiversity and in-turn reduces the food base for water birds.
  • The Indian Magur does not engage in cannibalism like the Thai Magur.
  • Thai Magur are fed rotten meat with spinach which pollutes the water bodies. 
  • Thai Magurcarries diseases like Argulosis, commonly known as fish lice. 
  • Thai Magur is also believed to be carcinogenic.

Carcinogenic means something which causes cancer.

Yes..

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Allelopathy is a biological phenomenon where one plant inhibits the growth of another. The word allelopathy derives from two separate words. They are allelon which means "of each other", and pathos which means "to suffer".

Some trees use their allelochemicals to inhibit germination or impede development of nearby plant life. Common trees with allelopathic properties include Black walnut, Maple, Pine and Eucalyptus.

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RBI has announced a new liquidity facility under Long Term Repo Operations (LTRO) to inject liquidity in the banking system.

Funds through LTRO will be provided at the repo rate. This means that banks can avail one year and three-year loans at the same interest rate of one day repo.

DM,
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Operation Twist is the name given to a monetary policy tool that the US Federal Reserve had initiated to influence the prevailing rate of interest in the markets. The tool essentially aims at changing the shape of the yield curve (hence the name — twist) through simultaneous buying and selling of long- and short-term government bonds. In India, the RBI put through its version of Operation Twist recently by buying ₹10,000 crore worth of 10-year government bonds while selling four shorter-term government bonds adding up to the same value. The intent is to moderate high long-term interest rates in the market and bring them closer to the repo rate.

DM, ifssaraighat2016
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RUCO is a project that plans to convert vegetable oils, animal fats or restaurant grease that has already been used in cooking into biodiesel for running diesel vehicles, or indeed any equipment that uses diesel.

The country’s apex food regulator, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) in association with the Biodiesel Association of India (BDAI) has recently flagged off the ‘RUCO’ project, short for repurpose used cooking oil.

ifssaraighat2016,
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https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1604584


Cyanobacteria (also known as blue-green algae), too can perform photosynthesis and produce sugar by fixing the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The yield of sugars from cyanobacteria could potentially be much higher than that of land-based crops. Further, unlike plant-based sugars, cyanobacterial biomass provides a nitrogen source in the form of proteins.

ifssaraighat2016,
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Rare diseases include Thalassemia, Haemophilia, Sickle Cell Anaemia and primary immune deficiency according to WHO. 

The health ministry had formulated a national policy on treatment of rare diseases in 2017 after high court told the government to swiftly roll out a comprehensive rare disease treatment policy.

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How does Inflight Wifi work?

Two operating systems for airplane WiFi: ground-based and satellite. Air-to-ground WiFi works in a similar way to your cell phone. Airplanes have an antenna located underneath their body, which links up with cell towers. As the aircraft travels, it simply connects to the nearest transmitter on a rolling basis. The airplane becomes a hotspot, so passengers can do everything they would normally do when connected to the Internet, including sending emails, making calls, and even streaming movies. However, this system can’t work when the plane is flying over large expanses of water, like on transatlantic routes. That’s where satellite comes in.

Satellite WiFi uses a network of orbiting satellites to allow a connection. The satellite is linked to ground stations, and the airplane connects using a satellite antenna on the top of the fuselage. Again, the plane uses whichever satellite is nearest as it travels.

Spock,
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