Mission Mains 2021 - GS Paper 2 & 3 - ForumIAS

Mission Mains 2021 - GS Paper 2 & 3

This is for those of you who are planning to write Mains 2020 ( subject to prelims happening ) and we clearing it. Nevertheless, in this time of lull, I am iniviting all people to come up with Mains related study material and Daily Q & A. I will be regular with the newspaper, my self and try to post questions. Anyone else interested, please contribute!

Let us have separate thread for GS Paper 4 & Essay as GS 2 and 3 are largely from current, and we can pool lot of questions.

If @root can help to pin it up, then we can begin with a small group.

Will help in daily accountability. 

root,Neyawnand60 otherslike this
107.8k views

228 comments

Does OTT content require government regulation. Examine. 
4.3k views
Does OTT content require government regulation. Examine. 

One of the vision monthly summarized this very well. Doubt if I can do any more justice. 

Intro : Misleading display about IAF in a biopic released on OTT. 

No :

1) Freedom of creative expression

2) Pull content - so discretion for viewer

3) Age rated

4) Small production houses are finally able to reach target audience - red tape will discourage. 

5) Global reach - multi jurisdiction - difficult to regulate

6) Personal device - not in public space like theatre. Individual privacy comes into picture ( Puttaswamy 2017 )

Yes :

1) Age rating does not protecting exposure to children - violence, sex at inappropriate age impact.

2) Freedom of expression is not absolute

Balanced view : Have guidelines instead with standard system of age ratings. Encourage self regulation. Also push OTT platforms to have parental controls for using apps. 

Barry_Allen,GaryVeeand4 otherslike this
5k views
Does OTT content require government regulation. Examine. 

One of the vision monthly summarized this very well. Doubt if I can do any more justice. 

Intro : Misleading display about IAF in a biopic released on OTT. 

No :

1) Freedom of creative expression

2) Pull content - so discretion for viewer

3) Age rated

4) Small production houses are finally able to reach target audience - red tape will discourage. 

5) Global reach - multi jurisdiction - difficult to regulate

6) Personal device - not in public space like theatre. Individual privacy comes into picture ( Puttaswamy 2017 )

Yes :

1) Age rating does not protecting exposure to children - violence, sex at inappropriate age impact.

2) Freedom of expression is not absolute

Balanced view : Have guidelines instead with standard system of age ratings. Encourage self regulation. Also push OTT platforms to have parental controls for using apps. 

Can add some facts to this:

Singapore is the most censored market for Netflix as it has the highest number of pull-out requests made by any country. 

GaryVee,upsc2020and2 otherslike this
4.1k views

Ellensaid

Does OTT content require government regulation. Examine. 

One of the vision monthly summarized this very well. Doubt if I can do any more justice. 

Intro : Misleading display about IAF in a biopic released on OTT. 

No :

1) Freedom of creative expression

2) Pull content - so discretion for viewer

3) Age rated

4) Small production houses are finally able to reach target audience - red tape will discourage. 

5) Global reach - multi jurisdiction - difficult to regulate

6) Personal device - not in public space like theatre. Individual privacy comes into picture ( Puttaswamy 2017 )

Yes :

1) Age rating does not protecting exposure to children - violence, sex at inappropriate age impact.

2) Freedom of expression is not absolute

Balanced view : Have guidelines instead with standard system of age ratings. Encourage self regulation. Also push OTT platforms to have parental controls for using apps. 

Can add some facts to this:

Singapore is the most censored market for Netflix as it has the highest number of pull-out requests made by any country. 

Also conclude on the following lines:


Due to Covid-19, the most affected section of the country is the economy, especially the daily wagers and workers. Amidst all this, the right of poorest workers, who are not even fully aware of the rights they hold, are being infringed at a rate more than ever. The International Labour Organization has warned that it is likely for half of the workforce to lose their employment. There is a need to make proper provisions in the labour laws and laws relating to the right to work. The measures in the mentioned laws do not consist situations such as pandemics under its purview. 

chamomile,TheEagleWisdom
3.8k views

Yashi7said

@TheNotorious  Thank you. Any idea of the best international practices (like Singapore has 3D simulation of buildings to help in decision making at the time of disaster)?

No. Not as of now. :/

4.1k views
Analyze the role of Rajya Sabha in contemporary times. 
TheEagleWisdom,
3.4k views
Does anyone have Vajiram mains GS test series model answer(test series which started in October)?
Please upload/send me.
Thank you.
3.1k views

Hi all,

I am a working professional preparing for CSE 2021. I work as an Assistant Manager at IRDAI. Till 2020, I have given 3 attempts, missed prelims by a very less margin. My prep was very scattered, and I changed CA sources very often and overall, I wasn't satisfied with the way it was going.

One of my friend suggested me to enroll in a year long CA program, and see whether it works! So far so good, I am really liking the format of lectures and pdf handouts. As a working professional, I can manage around 3-4 hours everyday. Previously, in these 3-4 hours, most of the time would go to scouting material, checking material... that's how I ruined previous attempts.

Now, after enrolling in this course, I am finding it very helpful and more importantly, covering everything in a structured way . So on similar lines, I am looking for any courses on Mains Static Part as well, which covers GS 1- 4 Static Part. Any suggestions!!!

3k views

Hi all,

I am a working professional preparing for CSE 2021. I work as an Assistant Manager at IRDAI. Till 2020, I have given 3 attempts, missed prelims by a very less margin. My prep was very scattered, and I changed CA sources very often and overall, I wasn't satisfied with the way it was going.

One of my friend suggested me to enroll in a year long CA program, and see whether it works! So far so good, I am really liking the format of lectures and pdf handouts. As a working professional, I can manage around 3-4 hours everyday. Previously, in these 3-4 hours, most of the time would go to scouting material, checking material... that's how I ruined previous attempts.

Now, after enrolling in this course, I am finding it very helpful and more importantly, covering everything in a structured way . So on similar lines, I am looking for any courses on Mains Static Part as well, which covers GS 1- 4 Static Part. Any suggestions!!!

Hi, I am not privy nor have enrolled for Mains Courses. But you can practice answer writing on these threads. :)

2.8k views

Qus: what are the reason for the failure of many social welfare schemes of Indian government? What steps could be taken to make them successful? Discuss.

 Ans: In India, we have a large number social welfare scheme targeting housing, education, unemployment, food security, etc. But many of them fail to meet their target like PM Gam sadak yojana, PM awas yojana- Grameen, National rural livelihood mission, etc.

Some of the important reasons for the failure of social welfare schemes are:

  1. Poor policy implementation- because of mismanagement, poor coordination between agencies/departments involved, slow /poor communication and information sharing between different stakeholders, etc
  2. Lack of knowledge/training of field operatives implementing schemes/programs of government.
  3. Corruption in policies- both collusive and coercive
  4. Inclusion and exclusion error making policy less effective, and
  5. Non-cooperation from the targeted beneficiaries itself.

 

Steps which could be taken to improve policy implementation:

  1. Using ICT to improve information dissemination, coordination, policy monitoring, accountability, etc.
  2. Training of field operatives to improve their knowledge and efficiency
  3. Encouraging social audit, proper implementation of CC, involving CSOs, etc to reduce the problem of corruption
  4. Improving identification of beneficiaries using better survey methodologies. For example using NFHS-5/SECC data for beneficiaries identification.
  5. Using behavioural economics to improve cooperation from beneficiaries as well as other stakeholders involved, like power of social influence and persuasion used in SBA, use of socially and culturally identifiable name to give clear message like Namami Gange, Jan Dhan yojana, POSHAN abhiyan, etc.

 

Present government has taken many initiatives to improve success of government schemes such as:

  • eKranti under digital India- electronic delivery of services; CSC, etc. The e-governance improves targeted delivery of services.
  • Now government has started using behavioural economics in its policies and programs, e.g. SBA, BBBP, etc.
  • Government is also encouraging social audit (Meghalaya passed social audit act).
  • NITI Aayog is encouraging competitive and cooperative federalism which intern helps in better policy outcomes.

 

We have to make sure that not only scheme formulation but also its implementation is proper to ensure socio-economic development of people.

 

Please review. ^_^

3k views

Qus: what are the reason for the failure of many social welfare schemes of Indian government? What steps could be taken to make them successful? Discuss.

 Ans: In India, we have a large number social welfare scheme targeting housing, education, unemployment, food security, etc. But many of them fail to meet their target like PM Gam sadak yojana, PM awas yojana- Grameen, National rural livelihood mission, etc.

Some of the important reasons for the failure of social welfare schemes are:

  1. Poor policy implementation- because of mismanagement, poor coordination between agencies/departments involved, slow /poor communication and information sharing between different stakeholders, etc
  2. Lack of knowledge/training of field operatives implementing schemes/programs of government.
  3. Corruption in policies- both collusive and coercive
  4. Inclusion and exclusion error making policy less effective, and
  5. Non-cooperation from the targeted beneficiaries itself.

 

Steps which could be taken to improve policy implementation:

  1. Using ICT to improve information dissemination, coordination, policy monitoring, accountability, etc.
  2. Training of field operatives to improve their knowledge and efficiency
  3. Encouraging social audit, proper implementation of CC, involving CSOs, etc to reduce the problem of corruption
  4. Improving identification of beneficiaries using better survey methodologies. For example using NFHS-5/SECC data for beneficiaries identification.
  5. Using behavioural economics to improve cooperation from beneficiaries as well as other stakeholders involved, like power of social influence and persuasion used in SBA, use of socially and culturally identifiable name to give clear message like Namami Gange, Jan Dhan yojana, POSHAN abhiyan, etc.

 

Present government has taken many initiatives to improve success of government schemes such as:

  • eKranti under digital India- electronic delivery of services; CSC, etc. The e-governance improves targeted delivery of services.
  • Now government has started using behavioural economics in its policies and programs, e.g. SBA, BBBP, etc.
  • Government is also encouraging social audit (Meghalaya passed social audit act).
  • NITI Aayog is encouraging competitive and cooperative federalism which intern helps in better policy outcomes.

 

We have to make sure that not only scheme formulation but also its implementation is proper to ensure socio-economic development of people.

 

Please review. ^_^

A 'fairly' complete answer doing well on the generics and lacking on specifics. As per the demand of the question, try to link the reasons with the syllabus. In this case, it would be design and implementation of policies. The reasons enumerated can thus be categorised into these specifics.

For example: In design, one can include top down legislations without due consultations. Limited scope of policies. Funding issues /* Recent PM Awaas Yojana fiasco where 9 states haven't released funds tuning to approx 3000 crores. */

In the implementation section, you can use some data to substantiate your argument. Include keywords such as 'India being a paternalistic state without developing capacity'.

Steps mentioned are just fine and conclusion can be improved upon. 


Barry_Allen,upsc2020
2.7k views
Municipal bonds should be the principal mode of financing urban infrastructure in India. Examine the statement. 
2.6k views
Municipal bonds should be the principal mode of financing urban infrastructure in India. Examine the statement. 

Municipal bonds are bonds issued by urban local bodies- municipal bodies and municipal corporates (entities owned by municipal bodies) to raise money for financing specific projects specifically infrastructure projects.

1. These bonds are attracting attention as the ULBs urgently need money to finance infrastructural expenditure. Especially, smart cities and other urban development projects necessitates them to create finance.

2. Municipal bonds can also simultaneously deepen the long-term infrastructure financing market in India as well as redirect retail investments into liquid securities away from real estate and gold.

3. These bonds can also build strong bonds of trust between municipalities and citizens; bonds of trust that can galvanise citizen participation in cities at historic scale and to mutual financial benefit.

Bonds are not a substitute for city revenue. Cities have to ensure collecting local taxes, user charges, stamp duties, etc. Bond investors are unlikely to put money into cities unless they are convinced about their fiscal strength.

Municipal bonds should thus be a part of a larger package to strengthen city finances. International models like those followed in Denmark, Japan, South Africa etc can be emulated. In Japan, Japan Finance Corp. for Municipal Finance has a sovereign guarantee. 


Pl. Review

Barry_Allen,GaryVeeand2 otherslike this
2.4k views
@TheNotorious UPSC infographics & mindmaps, [02.12.20 15:25]
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2.5k views


Keeping in mind the fact that above meme talks about, there is a high chance  that a question on recent developments in agri sector might be asked in upcoming mains and hence sharing self-notes for a quick revision. Thank me later; with a selection this year if possible hehe!


Barry_Allen,EiChanand3 otherslike this
3.1k views
While successfully balancing relations between Israel, Iran and Saudi Arabia power blocks, New Delhi’s affinity for this Gulf outreach is rooted in geopolitical and geo-economic realities. Comment
1.7k views

Hi all,

I am a working professional preparing for CSE 2021. I work as an Assistant Manager at IRDAI. Till 2020, I have given 3 attempts, missed prelims by a very less margin. My prep was very scattered, and I changed CA sources very often and overall, I wasn't satisfied with the way it was going.

One of my friend suggested me to enroll in a year long CA program, and see whether it works! So far so good, I am really liking the format of lectures and pdf handouts. As a working professional, I can manage around 3-4 hours everyday. Previously, in these 3-4 hours, most of the time would go to scouting material, checking material... that's how I ruined previous attempts.

Now, after enrolling in this course, I am finding it very helpful and more importantly, covering everything in a structured way . So on similar lines, I am looking for any courses on Mains Static Part as well, which covers GS 1- 4 Static Part. Any suggestions!!!

Brother, which classes have you taken up, if I may ask?

1.4k views
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