Mission Mains 2021 - GS Paper 2 & 3 - ForumIAS

Mission Mains 2021 - GS Paper 2 & 3

This is for those of you who are planning to write Mains 2020 ( subject to prelims happening ) and we clearing it. Nevertheless, in this time of lull, I am iniviting all people to come up with Mains related study material and Daily Q & A. I will be regular with the newspaper, my self and try to post questions. Anyone else interested, please contribute!

Let us have separate thread for GS Paper 4 & Essay as GS 2 and 3 are largely from current, and we can pool lot of questions.

If @root can help to pin it up, then we can begin with a small group.

Will help in daily accountability. 

root,Neyawnand60 otherslike this
107.8k views

228 comments

Subbusaid

Can anyone please point out to reasons why sex ratio is so poor in states of Haryana and Punjab? 


@Yo_Yo_Choti_Singh Sir any pointers?

Many pointers can be given here.

1) Sanskritization - it's a process whereby lower rung of society tries to emulate practices of the higher rung. 

2) Patriarchal Society

3) Reproductive Choices - i.e Presence of sex determination technology is misused for killing the female fetus.

4) Misuse of Modern Science - i.e. abortion has to be used in rare situations and not as a weapon against females.

5) Societal Pressure - society looks down girl chile as a burden due to lack of sanitation facilities, dowry, etc.

6) Breakdown or lethargy of Administration - to work at the village level to prevent this malpractice.

7) Traditional Institutions - like Khap Panchayat which shields this malpractice from the law and order agencies.

8) Unethical Conduct - by medical professionals who have made it abortion as a business at the local level.

-Agriculture dominated society - demand for physical work. 

-Concept of Martial Race historically, prevalence today as well - enrolment in armies etc.




good points...thank you

2.6k views
@upsc2020 agri can be feminised 2 no and in same way army s opening more up 2 othr gender??



ATI SARVATRA VAJRAYET

2.6k views

Agogsaid

@upsc2020 agri can be feminised 2 no and in same way army s opening more up 2 othr gender??


It can be justified in either way but you can use it as points for the concerned question. More points more marks. So put as many as you can. 

2.6k views

Agogsaid

@upsc2020 agri can be feminised 2 no and in same way army s opening more up 2 othr gender??


That's the way forward. But feminization of agriculture is something we see more predominantly in eastern states. Haryana Punjab are yet to witness it - statistically. 

2.5k views

Need some advice.. 

I am a Hindi Medium student & didn't clear mains 2019.. I think mene bahut avg answers likh diye aur paper bhi ache s complete nhi kr paya... So I am thinking about joining any answer enrichment program ( most probably MK Yadav's program).. English smjhne me load nhi hota..

To Kya join krna sahi rhega? Aur koi aur program Jo beneficial ho skta h to bta do .... ( Hindi m enrichment program nhi milte..

I’m not much aware about answer enrichment programmes but I could suggest you that if you’ve enrolled in any test series then do analyse toppers copy of every test also. 

It’s good to see you’ve analysed your weakness and are working towards it. 

2.8k views
Q: The challenges of the lockdown may become a blessing in disguise in accessing the potential and the capabilities of our institutions in responding to the future necessity of online learning and access to all for education. Do you agree? Evaluate.
2.4k views
Q: The challenges of the lockdown may become a blessing in disguise in accessing the potential and the capabilities of our institutions in responding to the future necessity of online learning and access to all for education. Do you agree? Evaluate.

The challenges faced post lockdown ranged from debate over size of class and number of students, examination mode, mode of classes etc. This led to few educational institutes leveraging e-learning to resolve the issues. 

How e-learning can resolve educational challenges 

1. Deeper access into hinterland as no geographical barrier

2. Affordability with inexpensive data and rise of smartphones connections 

3. Quality improvement via using interactive online quiz and games for better learning outcome

4. Promote equity as no discrimination within class. Eg As faced by minorities student when enrolled in private school via RTE 

Issues with e-learning 

1. Digital divide between rich and poor will have disproportionately impact on poor’s educational needs 

2. Classroom is a space of socialisation for child. Eg Learning fraternity, social interaction 

3. ASER report 2019 showcases disadvantages of online learning on girl child due to lower access and opportunity at home

The need is to leverage online education not as an alternative to school, but incorporate it within curriculum. Government steps of e-pathshala and diksha portal are steps in right direction to resolve accessibility issue. 

Naadan_Parinda,GaryVeeand2 otherslike this
3.3k views
@upsc2020 It will be convenient if you could specify if the question is 10 or 15 marker. Helps in framing the answer appropriately. 


upsc2020,
2.7k views

rashivsaid

@upsc2020 It will be convenient if you could specify if the question is 10 or 15 marker. Helps in framing the answer appropriately. 


Apologies. Sure. 

2.3k views

rashivsaid

» show previous quotes

The challenges faced post lockdown ranged from debate over size of class and number of students, examination mode, mode of classes etc. This led to few educational institutes leveraging e-learning to resolve the issues. 

How e-learning can resolve educational challenges 

1. Deeper access into hinterland as no geographical barrier

2. Affordability with inexpensive data and rise of smartphones connections 

3. Quality improvement via using interactive online quiz and games for better learning outcome

4. Promote equity as no discrimination within class. Eg As faced by minorities student when enrolled in private school via RTE 

Issues with e-learning 

1. Digital divide between rich and poor will have disproportionately impact on poor’s educational needs 

2. Classroom is a space of socialisation for child. Eg Learning fraternity, social interaction 

3. ASER report 2019 showcases disadvantages of online learning on girl child due to lower access and opportunity at home

The need is to leverage online education not as an alternative to school, but incorporate it within curriculum. Government steps of e-pathshala and diksha portal are steps in right direction to resolve accessibility issue. 

- Wouldn't you agree/disagree to the statement and then present both sides ? 

You've covered everything, just presenting an alternate way of putting it across with some data.

Issues with E learning: 

1. Providing equity in access of bandwidth and technology - TRAI report - only 34 per cent of the total population had access to the Internet in 2017. The figure carries a vast gender disparity and rural urban division. 

2. Lack of immediate availability of adequate numbers of trained manpower and mindset of both the facilitators (teachers/content e experts & taught is going to take some time in coping with the adaptability.

Conclusion:

To ensure accessibility for all, it is important to look for the judicious mix of Open Educational Resources along with delivery of education via television/satellite.

Appropriate use of OER, SWAYAM platform and integrating e-library besides encouraging the faculty to create content for Social Media, contribute on MOOCS, develop Moodle Cloud contents etc. 

rashiv,
2.3k views

rashivsaid

» show previous quotes

The challenges faced post lockdown ranged from debate over size of class and number of students, examination mode, mode of classes etc. This led to few educational institutes leveraging e-learning to resolve the issues. 

How e-learning can resolve educational challenges 

1. Deeper access into hinterland as no geographical barrier

2. Affordability with inexpensive data and rise of smartphones connections 

3. Quality improvement via using interactive online quiz and games for better learning outcome

4. Promote equity as no discrimination within class. Eg As faced by minorities student when enrolled in private school via RTE 

Issues with e-learning 

1. Digital divide between rich and poor will have disproportionately impact on poor’s educational needs 

2. Classroom is a space of socialisation for child. Eg Learning fraternity, social interaction 

3. ASER report 2019 showcases disadvantages of online learning on girl child due to lower access and opportunity at home

The need is to leverage online education not as an alternative to school, but incorporate it within curriculum. Government steps of e-pathshala and diksha portal are steps in right direction to resolve accessibility issue. 

- Wouldn't you agree/disagree to the statement and then present both sides ? 

You've covered everything, just presenting an alternate way of putting it across with some data.

Issues with E learning: 

1. Providing equity in access of bandwidth and technology - TRAI report - only 34 per cent of the total population had access to the Internet in 2017. The figure carries a vast gender disparity and rural urban division. 

2. Lack of immediate availability of adequate numbers of trained manpower and mindset of both the facilitators (teachers/content e experts & taught is going to take some time in coping with the adaptability.

Conclusion:

To ensure accessibility for all, it is important to look for the judicious mix of Open Educational Resources along with delivery of education via television/satellite.

Appropriate use of OER, SWAYAM platform and integrating e-library besides encouraging the faculty to create content for Social Media, contribute on MOOCS, develop Moodle Cloud contents etc. 

Yes, maybe you are right. I did struggle with interpreting the question accurately, so there could be issues with my write up. 

Handy data you presented, will incorporate it 

2.6k views

How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?  2018


Can someone please explain how to tackle this question ? 

upsc2020,
2.4k views

How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?  2018


Can someone please explain how to tackle this question ? 

Introduction- India ranks 102nd in the global hunger index, with roughly 1/6th of our population facing ill effects of hunger. 

Body

A. India has traditionally viewed the problem of hunger from the lens of lack of availability food 

- ushered Green revolution for food production ->food availability nationally 

- Began the TPDS vis NFSA scheme to bring about food availability, accessibility and affordability to the poor.

B. Despite the above, hunger as a systemic issue remains in India. The light should thus be shed on human development policies. 

- early marriage + women’s low decision making power= higher population ->lower per capita income for family to buy food 

- poor educational access ->low skill->low employment opportunity->low income potential->hamper ability to tackle hunger 

- challenges of public health centre + unhygienic sanitation->leaking calorie->hunger persists 

Conclusion- Hence we see that mere availibility of food doesn’t resolve hunger crisis of India. The need is to take a holistic view of hunger, and tackle it via development of human capital focussing on skill based education for all, universal health coverage, women empowerment and quality employment creation. 

Naadan_Parinda,chamomileand1 otherslike this
2.7k views

rashivsaid

How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?  2018


Can someone please explain how to tackle this question ? 

Introduction- India ranks 102nd in the global hunger index, with roughly 1/6th of our population facing ill effects of hunger. 

Body

A. India has traditionally viewed the problem of hunger from the lens of lack of availability food 

- ushered Green revolution for food production ->food availability nationally 

- Began the TPDS vis NFSA scheme to bring about food availability, accessibility and affordability to the poor.

B. Despite the above, hunger as a systemic issue remains in India. The light should thus be shed on human development policies. 

- early marriage + women’s low decision making power= higher population ->lower per capita income for family to buy food 

- poor educational access ->low skill->low employment opportunity->low income potential->hamper ability to tackle hunger 

- challenges of public health centre + unhygienic sanitation->leaking calorie->hunger persists 

Conclusion- Hence we see that mere availibility of food doesn’t resolve hunger crisis of India. The need is to take a holistic view of hunger, and tackle it via development of human capital focussing on skill based education for all, universal health coverage, women empowerment and quality employment creation. 

In this question there are two concepts that needs to be addressed. You spoke about hunger and it’s related issues only.

My take:-

Now, here another part, ie, India’s low human development needs to be addressed. 

We can also quote India’ low performance in HDI, and relate it with how inefficiency in food distribution system like skewed MSP in favour of only limited crops like rabi and Kharif crops, the BPL vs APL issue under NFSA, agriculture market issues(Essential commodities act, APMC lacuna leads to low farmer income and hence work against the norms of human development as it leads to deprivation in health, education, debt trap, poverty cycle, well being thereby affecting human development. 

In conclusion/way forward we can talk about UN SDG, one nation one ration card, human capital formation, formalisation of agriculture sector, doubling farmer income(Ashok Dalwai committee recommendation) etc.

Naadan_Parinda,chamomileand1 otherslike this
2.9k views

rashivsaid

How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?  2018


Can someone please explain how to tackle this question ? 

Introduction- India ranks 102nd in the global hunger index, with roughly 1/6th of our population facing ill effects of hunger. 

Body

A. India has traditionally viewed the problem of hunger from the lens of lack of availability food 

- ushered Green revolution for food production ->food availability nationally 

- Began the TPDS vis NFSA scheme to bring about food availability, accessibility and affordability to the poor.

B. Despite the above, hunger as a systemic issue remains in India. The light should thus be shed on human development policies. 

- early marriage + women’s low decision making power= higher population ->lower per capita income for family to buy food 

- poor educational access ->low skill->low employment opportunity->low income potential->hamper ability to tackle hunger 

- challenges of public health centre + unhygienic sanitation->leaking calorie->hunger persists 

Conclusion- Hence we see that mere availibility of food doesn’t resolve hunger crisis of India. The need is to take a holistic view of hunger, and tackle it via development of human capital focussing on skill based education for all, universal health coverage, women empowerment and quality employment creation. 

In this question there are two concepts that needs to be addressed. You spoke about hunger and it’s related issues only.

My take:-

Now, here another part, ie, India’s low human development needs to be addressed. 

We can also quote India’ low performance in HDI, and relate it with how inefficiency in food distribution system like skewed MSP in favour of only limited crops like rabi and Kharif crops, the BPL vs APL issue under NFSA, agriculture market issues(Essential commodities act, APMC lacuna leads to low farmer income and hence work against the norms of human development as it leads to deprivation in health, education, debt trap, poverty cycle, well being thereby affecting human development. 

In conclusion/way forward we can talk about UN SDG, one nation one ration card, human capital formation, formalisation of agriculture sector, doubling farmer income(Ashok Dalwai committee recommendation) etc.

Good value points 

I did touch upon human development policies by bringing in how edu-health-social empowerment is ignored to tackle hunger. (Haven’t written answer, just points, hence may have been missed).

upsc2020,
2.4k views

rashivsaid

Q: The challenges of the lockdown may become a blessing in disguise in accessing the potential and the capabilities of our institutions in responding to the future necessity of online learning and access to all for education. Do you agree? Evaluate.

The challenges faced post lockdown ranged from debate over size of class and number of students, examination mode, mode of classes etc. This led to few educational institutes leveraging e-learning to resolve the issues. 

How e-learning can resolve educational challenges 

1. Deeper access into hinterland as no geographical barrier

2. Affordability with inexpensive data and rise of smartphones connections 

3. Quality improvement via using interactive online quiz and games for better learning outcome

4. Promote equity as no discrimination within class. Eg As faced by minorities student when enrolled in private school via RTE 

Issues with e-learning 

1. Digital divide between rich and poor will have disproportionately impact on poor’s educational needs 

2. Classroom is a space of socialisation for child. Eg Learning fraternity, social interaction 

3. ASER report 2019 showcases disadvantages of online learning on girl child due to lower access and opportunity at home

The need is to leverage online education not as an alternative to school, but incorporate it within curriculum. Government steps of e-pathshala and diksha portal are steps in right direction to resolve accessibility issue. 

May add data - Only 24% Indian households have internet connection (NSS) . OTHERWISE a great answer 😍

rashiv,
2.3k views
Can anyone please tell where can i download ARC reports summaries from? 
2.3k views

Que. 

Indirect Taxes affect everyone, unlike Direct Taxes. Critically analyse tax administration and structure in India with a special focus on the increase in prices of petroleum products.

2.2k views

rashivsaid

rashivsaid

How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?  2018


Can someone please explain how to tackle this question ? 

Introduction- India ranks 102nd in the global hunger index, with roughly 1/6th of our population facing ill effects of hunger. 

Body

A. India has traditionally viewed the problem of hunger from the lens of lack of availability food 

- ushered Green revolution for food production ->food availability nationally 

- Began the TPDS vis NFSA scheme to bring about food availability, accessibility and affordability to the poor.

B. Despite the above, hunger as a systemic issue remains in India. The light should thus be shed on human development policies. 

- early marriage + women’s low decision making power= higher population ->lower per capita income for family to buy food 

- poor educational access ->low skill->low employment opportunity->low income potential->hamper ability to tackle hunger 

- challenges of public health centre + unhygienic sanitation->leaking calorie->hunger persists 

Conclusion- Hence we see that mere availibility of food doesn’t resolve hunger crisis of India. The need is to take a holistic view of hunger, and tackle it via development of human capital focussing on skill based education for all, universal health coverage, women empowerment and quality employment creation. 

In this question there are two concepts that needs to be addressed. You spoke about hunger and it’s related issues only.

My take:-

Now, here another part, ie, India’s low human development needs to be addressed. 

We can also quote India’ low performance in HDI, and relate it with how inefficiency in food distribution system like skewed MSP in favour of only limited crops like rabi and Kharif crops, the BPL vs APL issue under NFSA, agriculture market issues(Essential commodities act, APMC lacuna leads to low farmer income and hence work against the norms of human development as it leads to deprivation in health, education, debt trap, poverty cycle, well being thereby affecting human development. 

In conclusion/way forward we can talk about UN SDG, one nation one ration card, human capital formation, formalisation of agriculture sector, doubling farmer income(Ashok Dalwai committee recommendation) etc.

Good value points 

I did touch upon human development policies by bringing in how edu-health-social empowerment is ignored to tackle hunger. (Haven’t written answer, just points, hence may have been missed).

While reading the post, i personally felt that though you spoke about both  hunger issues along with low human development, but you did it separately and a link between the two was missing IMO that how the former is leading to the latter consequence. 

P.S.- if possible, try sharing a scanned answer written on paper(UPSC sheets)  once.

2.5k views
“Discuss some of the strategies that India can adopt to dismantle the covert and overt threats from non-state actors” (150 words)
2.5k views
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