Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The Harappan civilization was the earliest known civilization to produce cotton.
2.The Harappans domesticated animals on a large scale.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: The Harappan civilisation was the earliest known civilisation to produce cotton. Known as ‘Sindon’ by the Greeks as from Sindh.

  • In the Indus plain, people sowed seeds in the flood plains in November, when the flood water receded and reaped their harvests of wheat and barley in April, before the advent of the next flood.
  • They produced sufficient food grains to feed themselves and the surplus food grains were stored in granaries.
  • The Harappans domesticated animals on a large scale. Besides cattle (oxen, buffaloes, goats, humped bulls, sheep, pigs, asses, and camels), cats and dogs were also domesticated.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT