Q. Consider the following statements regarding Aflatoxin M1:
1. Aflatoxins are a group of naturally occurring toxins.
2. They impact humans and animals but not crops.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
  • Statement 1 is correct: Aflatoxins are mycotoxins i.e. a group of naturally occurring toxins produced mainly by moulds such as Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. 
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: They have adverse effects on humans, animals, and crops that result in illnesses and economic losses. Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is the hydroxylated metabolite of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and can be found in milk or milk products obtained from livestock that have ingested contaminated feed. 

Source: Article