Q. Consider the following statements regarding Biocentrism or Ecocentrism
1.The philosophy of this concept holds that the natural environment has its own set of rights apart from the rights of humans.
2.Indian Constitution explicitly provides Rights of Nature
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

Biocentrism: The philosophy of biocentrism or ecocentrism holds that the natural environment has its own set of rights, which is independent of its ability to be exploited by or to be useful to humans.

  • The Constitution of India declares that it is applicable to the territory of India. While making such a declaration, it very obviously refers to humans within that territory and its predominant aim was to give them rights, impose obligations and regulate human affairs.
    • But, the Constitution is significantly silent on any explicitly stated, binding legal obligationswe owe to our fellow species and to the environment that sustains us.

Source: Biocentrism