Q. “The National Multidimensional Poverty Index” is often seen in news is released by?

[A] Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation

[B] Labor Bureau

[C] NITI Aayog

[D] Ministry of Health

Answer: C

Explanation: The Government think-tank NITI Aayog has prepared and released the National Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI).

  • MPI as a measure was first developed by OPHI and UNDP for inclusion in UNDP’s flagship Human Development Report in 2010.
  • Index – National MPI of India is a contribution towards measuring progress towards target 1.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda.
  • National MPI is a baseline report that is based on the reference period of 2015-16 of the National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4).
  • It captures multiple and simultaneous deprivation faced by households.