[Answered] Analyze the success of the PLI scheme in boosting mobile phone exports. What are the challenges and limitations of the scheme in achieving self-sufficiency in manufacturing?

Introduction: Define PLI scheme.

Body: Highlight its progress and challenges and limitations of the scheme.

Conclusion: Way Forward.

Production Linked Incentive (PLI) is a program that the Government of India introduced in 2020 to promote domestic manufacturing in several industries by offering cash incentives to producers that fulfill particular production targets. The plan seeks to improve production and exports, attract foreign investment, foster job growth, and lessen reliance on imports.

Success of the PLI Scheme:

  • Export Promotion: The scheme’s focus on boosting exports of mobile phones has led to increased production capacity, which in turn can contribute to higher export numbers. For eg, mobile phone exports jumped from $300 million in FY2018 to an astounding $11 billion in FY23.
  • Reduced Import Bill: By promoting domestic manufacturing and exports, the PLI scheme has the potential to reduce the trade deficit by increasing exports and decreasing imports of finished mobile phones. For eg, India imported mobile phones worth $3.6 billion in FY2018, which dropped to $1.6 billion in FY23.
  • Job creation: Increased production has the potential to create jobs across the entire value chain, from manufacturing to supply chain and logistics, benefiting local employment rates. According to Government sources PLI scheme has created around 1,20,000 new direct jobs and nearly 2,50,000 new indirect jobs in 24 months.

Challenges and limitations of the scheme:

  • Infrastructure bottlenecks:Infrastructure gaps, especially in terms of power, logistics, and connectivity, can pose significant challenges to companies looking to scale their operations under the PLI scheme.
  • Regulatory hurdles:Despite efforts to simplify the regulatory environment, Indian businesses often grapple with red tape, bureaucratic hold-ups, and complex regulatory requirements that can slow down or complicate the implementation of the PLI scheme.
  • Access to capital:Despite the financial incentives provided by the PLI scheme, businesses, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, often face difficulties in accessing affordable capital. This can limit their ability to invest in new technologies, expand capacity, or upgrade their infrastructure.
  • Geopolitical factors:Fluctuations in global trade dynamics and geopolitical tensions can impact the outcomes of the PLI scheme. For instance, trade restrictions, tariffs, or changes in the global supply chain can affect the export potential of companies benefiting from the scheme.


PLI program could expand India’s domestic manufacturing capacity and encourage the export of mobile phones. The complexity of the supply chain, infrastructure, level of competition, and dynamics of the global economy present obstacles to achieving total self-sufficiency in manufacturing. For the scheme to be successful and for the Indian mobile phone sector to thrive over the long term, a well-balanced strategy that takes these issues into account and concentrates on creating a strong and competitive manufacturing ecosystem is essential.

Print Friendly and PDF