Defence Exercises in News

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Defense Exercises in News for UPSC IAS Prelims Examination

  • Tarang Shakti Exercise 2024

    Source- This post on Tarang Shakti Exercise is based on the article “India to host its first multinational air exercise Tarang Shakti in August” published in “The Hindu” on 17th May 2024.

    Why in the News?

    India will host its first multinational air exercise Tarang Shakti 2024 in August.

    About Tarang Shakti Exercise 2024

    Exercise Tarang Shakti
    Source: The Hindu
    Aspects Description
    AboutIt is the Indian Air Force’s first multinational air exercise which will be held in August.
    Participating Nations1. Ten countries will be participating in the exercise. In addition to this, few others would be acting as observers.
    2. Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Spain, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States will be sending contingents.
    3. Germany will deploy fighter jets and also an A-400M transport aircraft.
    ObjectivesThe plan is to invite friendly foreign countries with whom the IAF interacts regularly and has a certain degree of interoperability.
    What will happen during the exercise1. The exercise is now planned to take place in two phases.
    2. The first phase will occur in southern India during the first two weeks of August, and the second phase will be in the western sector from late August to mid-September.
    3. Some countries will participate in both phases, while others will join only one of the two phases.

    About Red Flag exercise

    Aspects Description
    About1. Red Flag is an air combat exercise conducted with multiple scenarios designed to provide realistic combat settings.
    2. It is the Second edition of Red Flag this year.
    3. Red Flag is conducted four times annually by the USAF.
    Hosted byU.S. Air Force (USAF)
    Held atEielson Air Force Base, Alaska
    Parcipating ForceIndian Air Force (IAF), Singapore Air Force, U.K.’s Royal Air Force, Royal Netherlands Air Force and German Luftwaffe
    What will happen during the exercise1. Air combat exercise with multiple realistic combat scenarios
    Forces divided into two groups:
    2. Red Force:It will simulates air defence elements
    3. Blue Force: It will simulates offensive composite elements
    4. In this edition, the Red Force comprised mainly of the USAF Aggressor Squadron, flying F-16 and F-15 aircraft.

    UPSC Syllabus: Defence Exercise

  • Exercise SHAKTI 

    Source- This post on Exercise SHAKTI is based on the article “India -France joint military exercise Shakti commences in Meghalaya” published in “PIB” on 14th May 2024.

    Why in the News?

    Recently India and France commenced the 7th edition of India- France Joint Military Exercise SHAKTI commenced at Umroi, Meghalaya.

    About Exercise SHAKTI

    Source: PIB
    Aspects Description
    About1. It is a biennial training event conducted alternatively in India and France. The last edition was conducted in France in November 2021.
    2. The 7th edition of India- France Joint Military Exercise SHAKTI commenced at Meghalaya.
    Participating NationsIndia and France
    ObjectivesObjectives of Joint Training:
    i) Achieve a high degree of physical fitness.
    ii) Rehearse and refine tactical level operations.
    iii) Exchange best practices between forces.
    FocusThe joint exercise will focus on operations in the semi-urban and mountainous terrain. 
    What will happen during the exercise1. The tactical drills will cover a range of operations including responding to terrorist actions that involve seizing a specific territory, setting up a Joint Command Post.
    2. It also includes establishing an Intelligence & Surveillance Centre, securing helipads or landing sites, conducting Small Team Insertion & Extraction.
    Benefits 1. It will enable the two sides to share their best practices in Tactics, Techniques and Procedures of conducting joint operations.
    2. The joint exercise will facilitate developing inter-operability, bonhomie and camaraderie between armed forces personnel of the two countries.
    3. This will also enhance the level of defence cooperation and foster bilateral relations between the two friendly nations.

    UPSC Syllabus: Defence Exercises

  • Exercise Poorvi Lehar

    Source-This post on Exercise Poorvi Lehar has been created based on the article “INDIAN NAVY CONDUCTS EXERCISE POORVI LEHAR ON THE EAST COAST” published in “PIB” on 20 April 2024.

    Why in the news?

    The Indian Navy carried out Exercise Poorvi Lehar on the East Coast under the operational command of the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command.

    About Exercise Poorvi Lehar

    Exercise Poorvi Lehar

    Description-It is a maritime exercise conducted by the Indian Navy along the East Coast, under the operational direction of the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command.

    Aim of the exercise-The exercise is aimed at assessing the ability of the Indian Navy to handle maritime security challenges in the region by testing its procedures.

    Participation-The exercise witnessed participation of Ships, Submarines, Aircraft and Special Forces.

    Phases-The exercise had different stages. In one part, there was combat training in a realistic scenario, and in another, they successfully fired various weapons to show the Indian Navy’s ability to hit targets accurately.

    Interoperability-Apart from assets from the Eastern Naval Command, the exercise also included assets from the Indian Air Force, Andaman & Nicobar Command, and Coast Guard. This demonstrated a high degree of interoperability amongst the Services

    What is the significance of the Exercise Poorvi Lehar?

    1) It provided important lessons to the participating forces. This has helped them to prepare themselves in a better way to respond effectively to real maritime challenges in the region.

    2) It has helped in maintaining continuous Maritime Domain Awareness throughout the Area of operations by using aircraft from diverse locations.

    Read more-Exercise Dosti

    UPSC Syllabus-Defence Exercises.

  • DUSTLIK- Military Exercise

    Source- This post on DUSTLIK Military Exercise is based on the article “Indian Army contingent departs for joint military exercise with Uzbekistan” published in “PIB” on 15th April 2024.

    Why in the News?

    The Indian Army contingent has departed for the 5th edition of India- Uzbekistan joint military Exercise Dustlik.

    About Exercise Dustlik

     Joint Military Exercise ‘DUSTLIK’
    Source: The Financial Express
    Aspects Description
    About1. Exercise DUSTLIK is a yearly event conducted alternatively in India and Uzbekistan.
    2. The Exercise is scheduled to be conducted from 15th to 28th April 2024 at Termez, the Republic of Uzbekistan. 

    3. The last edition was conducted at Pithoragarh (India) in February 2023.
    Participating NationsIndia and Uzbekistan
    ObjectivesThe aim of Exercise Dustlik is:
    a) to foster military cooperation and enhance combined capabilities to execute joint operations in mountainous as well as semi-urban terrain.
    b) to enhance tactical, technical, and procedural interoperability and strengthen defense cooperation and bilateral relations between the two participating nations.
    FocusThe exercise will emphasize high physical fitness, joint planning, tactical drills, and the basics of special arms skills.

    UPSC Syllabus: Defence Exercise

  • Parivartan Chintan- Armed forces conference

    Source– This post on ‘Parivartan Chintan’ is based on the article “Chief of Defence Staff Gen Anil Chauhan to chair maiden ‘Parivartan Chintan’, a Tri-Service Conference on Jointness & Integration” published in “PIB” on 7th April 2024.

    Why in the News?

    Maiden Armed forces conference ‘Parivartan Chintan’ is to be held at New Delhi.

    About Parivartan Chintan

    Source: BS

    1. Parivartan Chintan will be the first-ever conference of the Heads of all Tri-Services Institutions. It will be chaired by Chief of Defence Staff, General Anil Chauhan.

    2. Aim: The conference’s objective is to foster the creation of innovative and forward-thinking strategies, initiatives, and reforms that will accelerate the efforts towards achieving jointness and integration.

    3. Participants: The conference will see participation from the Department of Military Affairs, the Headquarters of the Integrated Defence Staff, and the three Services.

    4. Officers across various ranks will attend the conference, bringing their unique insights and experiences. They will propose recommendations to swiftly realize the goal of a cohesive and unified defense framework.

    About the Integrated Defence Staff

    1. About: The Integrated Defence Staff (IDS) was established as part of the Ministry of Defence (MoD) by the Government of India in 2001.

    2. Headed by: The body is headed by the Chief of Integrated Defence Staff, who is Vice Chief of Staff rank level officer and is also Vice Chief of Defence Staff.

    3. Members: Members from all three branches of the military, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), the Department of Defence (DoD), and the Department of Defence Finance.

    4. Mission: To promote high-level coordination and integration among the armed forces regarding policies, military strategies, and procurement processes through the adoption of best management practices.

    Read more: Integrated Theatre commands in India

    UPSC Syllabus: Defence

  • ICG Ship Samudra Paheredar

    Source-This post on ICG Ship Samudra Paheredar is based on the article As part of overseas deployment to ASEAN countries, ICG Ship Samudra Paheredar arrives at Manila Bay, Philippines” published in “PIB” on 26th March 2024.

    Why in the News?

    The Minister of External Affairs recently visited Indian Coast Guard ship Samudra Paheredar, which is in Manila Bay in the Philippines, as part of an overseas deployment to ASEAN countries.

    About Indian Coast Guard ship Samudra Paheredar

    ICGS Samudra Prahari
    Source: Shipspotting
    AboutIt is a specialised Pollution Control Vessel (PCV) of the Indian Coast Guard. It is the second PCV of India (the first being ICGS Samudra Prahari).
    Built byABG Shipyard, Surat
    Stationed onEast Coast of India in Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
    Featuresa) The ship’s primary role is pollution response at sea. It is equipped with the most advanced and sophisticated pollution response and control equipment for mitigating oil spills.
    b) It includes containment equipment like hi-sprint booms and river booms, recovery devices like skimmers and side sweeping arms. The ship is capable of unhindered oil-recovery operations.
    c) The special features include an integrated platform management system, a power management system and a high-powered external firefighting system.
    d) It is capable of operating one twin-engine ALH/ Chetak helicopter. 

    Read More: Indian Coast Guard Pollution

    UPSC Syllabus: Defence

  • IMT Trilateral Exercise- 2024

    Source-This post on IMT Trilateral Exercise- 2024 is based on the article “India – Mozambique-Tanzania Trilateral Exercise IMT TRILAT- 2024 ” published in “PIB” on 21st March 2024.

    Why in the News?

    INS Tir and INS Sujata are set to join the upcoming India-Mozambique-Tanzania (IMT) Trilateral (TRILAT) Exercise 2024.

    What is IMT Trilateral Exercise 2024?

    IMT Trilateral Exercise- 2024
    Source- PIB
    AboutIt is a joint maritime exercise scheduled from 21-29 Mar 24 among the Indian, Mozambique and Tanzania navies.
    Objectives1. Capability development to address common threats through training and sharing of best practices.
    2. Enhancing interoperability.
    3. Strengthening maritime cooperation.
    First EditionThe first edition of IMT TRILAT exercise conducted in Oct 22.
    PhasesThe current exercise is divided into two phases
    1. Harbour Phase:
    a. During the harbor phase from March 21st to March 24th, 2024, Naval ships Tir and Sujata will interact with the respective Navies at the ports of Zanzibar (Tanzania) and Maputo (Mozambique).
    b. This phase will start with a Planning Conference, followed by joint harbor training activities such as Damage Control, Fire Fighting, Visit Board Search and Seizure procedures, Medical Lectures, Casualty Evacuation, and Diving operations.
    2. Sea Phase:
    a. The sea phase of the exercise focuses on practical aspects of countering asymmetric threats, Visit Board Search and Seizure procedures, boat handling, maneuvers, and firing exercises.
    b. Additionally, a joint Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) surveillance is planned during this phase.

    UPSC Syllabus- Defence Exercises

  • Exercise Tiger Triumph – 24

    Source-This post on Exercise Tiger Triumph – 24 is based on the article “EX TIGER TRIUMPH – 24” published in “PIB” on 18th March 2024.

    Why in the News?

    India and the United States will conduct a bilateral tri-Service Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) Exercise called Tiger Triumph – 24. It will take place on the Eastern Seaboard from March 18 to March 31, 2024.

    Exercise Tiger Triumph

    About– It is the first tri-service military exercise between India and USA. India has previously conducted tri-service exercises only with Russia.

    First edition– 2019

    About Exercise Tiger Triumph-24

    1. Aim– The exercise aims to improve cooperation between the forces of both countries in conducting HADR operations and to refine Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for smoother coordination.

    2. Phases of the exercise– The exercise will be conducted in two phases– Harbour Phase and Sea phase
    a. Harbour Phase– It will be carried out at Visakhapatnam. Personnel from both navies will engage in Training Visits, Subject Matter Expert Exchanges, Sports Events, and Social interactions during this time.
    b. Sea Phase– It will be carried out at Kakinada district of Andhra Pradesh. After the Harbour Phase, the ships, carrying troops, will sail for the Sea Phase and conduct Maritime, Amphibious, and HADR operations based on given scenarios.

    UPSC Syllabus- Defence Exercises

  • Anti-piracy mechanism of India

    Source– This post on Anti-piracy mechanism of India is based on the article “Marathon operation by Navy, IAF led to pirates’ surrender” published in “The Hindu” on 18th March 2024.

    Why in the News?

    Recently, Indian Navy’s highly secretive Marine Commandos (MARCOS) conducted their first-ever para-drop operation at sea.

    They managed to secure and safely evacuate the 21 crew members, including 15 Indians, from the merchant vessel Lila Norfolk. 

    About Anti-piracy mechanism of India

    Somali pirates surrendering while an Indian Navy's Chetak helicopter can be seen hovering over the ship, MV Ruen. (X/@indiannavy)

    1. The pirate ship was intercepted by the navy’s destroyer INS Kolkata, approximately 1,400 nautical miles (2,600 km) from the Indian coast.

    2. The MQ-9A high-altitude long endurance remotely piloted aircraft and P8I maritime reconnaissance aircraft we the pirate vessel.

    3. The C-17 aircraft airdropped the Marine Commandos (MARCOS) for the anti-piracy operation.

    4. The MARCOS conduct specialized warfare at sea, including combat diving, search and rescue, underwater demolition, visit, board, search and seizure, and reconnaissance operations. MARCOS can also conduct operations in the land and air.

    4. A MQ-9 Sea Guardian, a high-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle, maintained uninterrupted aerial surveillance of the hijacked ship.

    5. The Boeing P-8I Poseidon anti-submarine warfare aircraft and INS Subhadra, a Sukanya-class patrol vessel, also participated in the operation.

    Read more: Piracy in Arabian Sea

    UPSC Syllabus: Science and technology (Defence) 

  • Bharat Shakti Exercise

    Source- The post on Bharat Shakti Exercise is based on the article “Tri-service exercise ‘Bharat Shakti’ to demonstrate prowess of indigenously manufactured equipment” published in “Times of India” on 9th March 2024.

    What is the News?

    Recently, the Integrated tri-service exercise ‘Bharat Shakti’ was held at Pokhran in Rajasthan.

    About ‘Bharat Shakti’ exercise

    'Bharat Shakti' Exercise
    Source: Financial Express
    DescriptionIt is an integrated tri-service exercise conducted at Pokhran, Rajasthan.
    ObjectiveIt aims to counter any threat through synergised joint operations.
    Features1) The exercise will showcase live integrated multi-domain operations of the three services in offensive operations using indigenous equipment
    2) It will display an array of indigenous weapon systems and platforms as a demonstration of the prowess of the country.
    i) It features indigenous weapon systems: T-90 (IM) Tanks, Dhanush and Sarang Gun Systems, Akash Weapons Systems, Logistics Drones, Robotic Mules.
    ii) The Indian Navy displays Naval Anti-Ship Missiles, Autonomous Cargo Carrying Aerial Vehicles, and Expendable Aerial Targets.
    iii) The Indian Air Force showcases indigenous aircraft: Light Combat Aircraft Tejas, Light Utility Helicopters, and Advanced Light Helicopters.
    3) It will simulate realistic, synergised, multi-domain operations displaying integrated operational capabilities of the Indian Armed Forces to counter threats across land, air, sea, cyber, and space domains.
    Significance It highlights the resilience, innovation, and strength of India’s domestic defence capabilities on the global stage.
    The exercise defines success of Aatmanirbharta (self-reliance) in defense.

    Read more: Exercise Dharma Guardian

    UPSC Syllabus: Defence Exercises in News

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