Know all about “Petya” Ransomware menace

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India is the worst hit nation in the Asia pacific region by “Petya Ransomware”, with operations wedged at Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust in Mumbai.

 Why in the news? (Key highpoints)

  • A report by Symantec identified that India is the worst hit country by Petya in APAC and 7th globally
  • The government has asked for National Cyber Security Coordinator, Gulshan Rai to monitor the situation at Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) where one of three terminals was impacted
  • P. Moller-Maersk was also hit affecting multiple sites and business units including the Gujarat Pipavav Port Limited
  • Numerous companies have been crippled by global cyberattack, the second major ransomware crime in two months.

What is a Ransomware?

Ransomware is a form of malicious software intended to block access or threatens to erase the victim’s data until a ransom is paid. Many popular ransomware malware prefer to obtain payment through Bitcoin as it is difficult to trace.  There are numerous types of Ransomwares as of today. Crypto-ransomware: This Malware encrypts the systems files… Continue reading What is a Ransomware?

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What is “Petya Ransomware?”

Petya is a family of encrypting ransomwarethat infects the master boot record and encrypts the NTFS file table, demanding a payment in Bitcoin in order to regain access to the system. The malware specifically targets Microsoft Windows-based systems. Ukraine has emerged as the epicenter of the attack with 60 per cent of the systems infected as reported by Kaspersky.  

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How does the Petya ransomware work?

  • The ransomware takes over computers and demands $300 to be paid in Bitcoin.
  • The malicious software spreads rapidly through an organization once a computer is infected using the EternalBlue vulnerability in Microsoft Windows.

Where did it start?

  • The attack appears to have been seeded through a software update mechanism built into an accounting program that companies working with the Ukrainian government need to use, according to the Ukrainian cyber police.

 How far has it spread?

  • The “Petya” ransomware has caused serious disruption at large firms in Europe and the US, including the advertising firm WPP, French construction materials company Saint-Gobain and Russian steel and oil firms Evraz and Rosneft
  • Who is behind the attack?
  • Many experts believe that Petya was designed to spread fast and cause as much damage as possible with a believably deniable cover of ‘ransomware’
  • Security researcher from cybersecurity blog Krebs on Security stated that ‘Petya’ was a deliberate, malicious, destructive attack or perhaps a test disguised as ransomware.
  • Pseudonymous security researcher noted that the new Petya is not designed to make money but as a criminal enterprise with intent to hurt victims specifically.


  • On account of recent Ransomware outbreaks all over the globe, cyberattacks are the new menace and a global threat. Critically Examine.

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