Pearl Spot Fish

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Source- This post on the Pearl Spot Fish has been created based on the article “Kufos to launch genome editing mission to boost pearl spot production” published in “The Hindu” on 9 July 2024.

Why in the news?

The Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS) is set to launch a genome editing mission to enhance pearl spot fish production.

About Pearl Spot Fish

Karimeen or pearl spot fish etroplus suratensis Kerala India Stock ...
Source: alamy

1. It is commonly known as “Karimeen” in Kerala. Pearl spot fish is indigenous to the east and southwest coasts of Peninsular India.

2. It is an important species for aquaculture, thriving in both brackish and freshwater ponds.

3. The fish has an elevated, laterally compressed body and a small cleft mouth, and in its natural habitat, it appears light green with eight vertical bands.

4. Pearl spot seed is available year-round along the east and southwest coasts of India, with peak abundance in May-July and November-February.

5. This fish variety is widely found in the South, especially in the Kerala backwaters, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh.

6. Pearl spot is low-fat, high-protein food rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which promote heart and brain health.

7. It is also rich in Vitamin D, riboflavin, and minerals such as calcium and phosphorus.

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