[Answered] Analyze the challenges faced by Indian seafarers in the context of global maritime security. Discuss the role of international cooperation in addressing these challenges.

Introduction: Contextual introduction

Body: Highlight challenges faced by Indian seafarers and the role of international cooperation.

Conclusion: Way forward

The recent submissions by India to the 111th Session of the International Maritime Organization’s Legal Committee (IMO LEG) highlight the multifaceted nature of the challenges confronting Indian seafarers.


  • Piracy Resurgence: Recent attacks off the coast of Somalia signal a resurgence of piracy, posing significant threats to Indian seafarers and global maritime security.
  • Maritime Terrorism: The risk of terrorist attacks targeting ships and seafarers further exacerbates safety concerns, necessitating proactive measures and international cooperation.
  • Unlawful Recruitment Practices: Indian seafarers face exploitation due to unlawful recruitment practices, highlighting the need for coordinated efforts to uphold seafarers’ rights under the Maritime Labour Convention, of 2006.
  • Human Rights Violations: Cases of seafarers being held in foreign jails and subjected to illegal detentions underscore the importance of protecting seafarers’ human rights in the maritime industry.
  • Vulnerabilities and Exploitation: Despite representing a significant portion of the global seafaring population, Indian seafarers often face vulnerabilities and exploitation, necessitating enhanced protection measures and international cooperation.

Role of International Cooperation

  • Combatting Piracy: Collaborative efforts among nations are essential to combat piracy and ensure the safety of seafarers navigating piracy-prone waters, following international frameworks like UNCLOS.
  • Protecting Human Rights: Initiatives such as the “human rights at sea” initiative underscore the importance of proactive cooperation among stakeholders to protect seafarers’ human rights and address violations effectively.
  • Enhancing Maritime Security: By promoting information sharing, joint patrols, and capacity building, international cooperation strengthens maritime security efforts and fosters a conducive environment for sustainable growth in the maritime industry.


In conclusion, the challenges faced by Indian seafarers in the context of global maritime security underscore the critical importance of international cooperation. Addressing piracy resurgence, combating maritime terrorism, tackling unlawful recruitment practices, and protecting seafarers’ human rights require concerted efforts and collaborative initiatives on a global scale. By advocating for improved contractual conditions, combatting piracy, and promoting human rights at sea, India emphasizes the need for collective action to safeguard seafarers and secure the maritime domain for uninterrupted navigation and sustainable growth.

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