[Answered] Analyze the impact of the military coup in Myanmar on the country’s internal political stability and its relations with neighboring countries, particularly India.

Introduction: Give a brief context to the question

Body: Highlight the implications of the coup on India and Myanmar.

Conclusion: Way forward

Three years have passed since the army seized power in Myanmar, overthrowing a democratically elected government headed by Aung San Suu Kyi. The coup prompted a massive civil disobedience movement. The deposed members of parliament formed a National Unity Government that constituted the People’s Defence Forces (PDFs) and called for an armed uprising. This has led to instability in internal political stability in Myanmar and impacted relations with border countries, particularly India.

Impact of military coup on internal political stability

  • Political Unrest and Repression: Military takeovers frequently result in political unrest and instability across the nation. When the armed forces take over, civil freedoms are usually suppressed, political figures are arrested, and democratic institutions as a whole suffer.
  • Protests and Resistance: As seen by earlier revolutions, the people of Myanmar have a history of resisting the military government. A coup would probably spark large-scale demonstrations and campaigns of civil disobedience, which might put the military’s hold on power in jeopardy and cause internal conflict.
  • Ethnic Tensions: Due to the country’s heterogeneous ethnic makeup, historical conflicts between various ethnic groups and the central authority have frequently arisen. These tensions could be raised by a military coup, which might result in further fighting in different areas.

Impact on Relations with Neighbouring Countries, Particularly India

  • Security and Refugee Concerns: Political unrest in Myanmar may lead to a cross-border refugee crisis that affects neighbouring nations including India.
  • Regional Stability: A military coup in Myanmar can have implications for regional stability, as neighbouring countries may be concerned about the spillover effects of political turmoil. Stability in Myanmar is crucial for the overall security and economic well-being of the region.
  • Bilateral Relations with India: India shares a long border with Myanmar and has strategic interests in maintaining stability in the region. A military coup may affect India’s diplomatic relations with Myanmar, as New Delhi may have to reassess its engagement with the Myanmar government based on principles of democracy and stability.


Union Government is also considering a proposal to fence the 1,643 km border between India and Myanmar, and will consider ending its free movement regime (FMR) agreement with the neighbouring country to stop the unauthorized entry of people into India, a major concern for the northeastern States. The response of the international community and regional actors like ASEAN will also play a crucial role in shaping Myanmar’s future.

Print Friendly and PDF