[Answered] Analyze the intersection of disability with social, economic, and gender vulnerabilities in India. How does this intersectionality impact the formulation of policies for the disabled?

Introduction: Briefly describe the context of the question

Body: Analyse the intersectionality of disability with various factors and their impact

Conclusion: Way forward

Disability refers to a condition or impairment—physical, cognitive, sensory, emotional, or a combination thereof—that significantly limits an individual’s ability to perform one or more major life activities. Approximately 1.3 billion individuals worldwide, or almost the whole population of India, are living with some form of disability. Individuals with disabilities have greater rates of poverty, limited access to opportunities and education, informality, and other forms of social and economic discrimination.

Analysis of the intersectionality and its impact on policy formulation

  • Social Intersectionality: Individuals with disabilities frequently experience discrimination and social stigma, which makes them ineligible for jobs, education, and community involvement, among other facets of society. People with disabilities experience social isolation due to limited accessibility and unfavourable societal attitudes, which has an impact on their mental health and general well-being.
  • Economic Intersectionality: Because of discrimination, inaccessible workplaces, and a lack of accommodations, people with disabilities frequently face obstacles while trying to get employment prospects. The absence of inclusive policies makes disabled people more economically vulnerable and makes it more difficult for them to become financially independent.
  • Gender Intersectionality: Due to double discrimination based on both gender and disability, women with impairments are less able to access resources and are more susceptible to societal biases. Access to reproductive healthcare may be a barrier for women with impairments, which can create further issues with family planning and maternal health.

Impact on Policy Formulation

  • Inclusive Education: To guarantee that people with disabilities have equitable access to education, policies must promote inclusive practices, accessible infrastructure, and the appropriate support services.
  • Employment Policies: To improve the employability of people with disabilities, governments should create and put into place policies that support inclusive hiring practices, appropriate workplace accommodations, and skill development initiatives.
  • Healthcare Accessibility: To ensure that people with disabilities, particularly women, have access to adequate and inclusive healthcare services, policies must concentrate on reducing healthcare inequities.
  • Initiatives for Social Inclusion: To counteract social stigma and promote an inclusive society, it is imperative to implement initiatives that raise awareness, increase sensitivity, and facilitate community integration.


The goal of social justice cannot be achieved without the inclusion of persons with disabilities in all spheres of development, starting with rural areas and rural resilience. Projects like SPARK, unique ID for persons with disabilities (UDID) card, robust legal framework, and engaging the private sector are some of the ways to promote inclusive development for the disabled.

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