[Answered] Analyze the shift in India’s multilateral approach from being a rule-taker to a potential rule-maker. What are the key factors driving this change?

Introduction: Give brief introduction related to question.

Body: What are key factors driving India’s shift in multilateral approach?

Conclusion: Way forward.

India being chair of the G20 summit this year showcases that India has leaped to be a rule-maker rather than a rule-taker in multilateral diplomacy. This also reflects the country’s evolving role on the global stage.

Some of the key factors driving this change:

  • Economic Growth: India’s rapid economic growth, along with its large and youthful population, has enhanced its geopolitical significance. India is well on track to become the third largest economy in the world in the coming years, which will lead to high per capita income of the population & better quality of life.
  • Geopolitical influence: India has positioned itself major Asian power that enjoys primacy in South Asia & Indo-Pacific & moving past the NAM grouping & inching towards alliance with the US, and ASEAN to expand its role in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Establishing alliances with diverse groups: India has positioned itself as a reliable security & economic partner which has led to a deepening of relations with groups like QUAD, AUKUS, ASEAN, AU, etc. It has sought to assert itself as a key player in regional security and stability, and its growing military capabilities have contributed to this effort.
  • Global concerns: India has been a foremost voice in raising concerns about global challenges such as climate change, cybersecurity, and pandemics, which require collective action and rule-setting. For eg, India has taken the lead in establishing forums like the International Solar Alliance & Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure.
  • UNSC Aspirations: India has long sought a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). To enhance its credibility and chances of securing this seat, India has engaged more actively in UN initiatives and peacekeeping missions. It seeks to play a pivotal role in shaping global security and peacekeeping policies.
  • Soft Power: India’s cultural and soft power, including Bollywood, yoga, and its rich history, have contributed to its global appeal. By leveraging its soft power, India can exert influence in shaping cultural and educational exchanges and international norms.
  • Development Assistance: India has expanded its development assistance and humanitarian aid to other countries, particularly in South Asia and Africa. By doing so, it aims to establish itself as a responsible and influential player in the international development landscape.


Finally, as India continues to assert itself on the global stage, its ability to shape international rules and norms in accordance with its interests is likely to grow, making it an increasingly influential player in global affairs.

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