[Answered] Critically examine the role of local governance and community participation in enhancing the resilience of WASH services against climate-induced challenges. Suggest measures to improve the effectiveness of existing policies and programs in India.

Introduction: What is the WASH initiative?

Body: Highlight the role of local governance in WASH and measures to improve effectiveness

Conclusion: Way forward

The term “WASH in health care facilities” refers to the provision of water, sanitation, health care waste management, hygiene and environmental cleaning infrastructure, and services across all parts of a facility.

Role of Governance in enhancing the resilience of WASH services

  • Decentralized Decision-Making: Decisions can be made locally with greater responsiveness and context. When it comes to Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) services, local government officials are better able to comprehend the unique problems that communities confront and design solutions that address those needs.
  • Community Ownership: A sense of ownership is fostered when communities are involved in the design, execution, and upkeep of WASH services. If communities actively contribute to the development of these services, there is a greater chance that they will be preserved and protected.
  • Timely Response: Local authorities can respond more promptly to emerging challenges, such as extreme weather events or changing precipitation patterns. This agility is crucial for maintaining the functionality of WASH services during and after climate-induced shocks.
  • Customization of Solutions: Local governance allows for the customization of WASH solutions based on local knowledge, cultural practices, and environmental conditions. This ensures that interventions are contextually appropriate and more likely to succeed.

Measures to Improve Effectiveness

  • Community Education and Awareness: Run initiatives to inform locals about how climate change is affecting WASH services. Give them the know-how and abilities they need to adjust to these changes and maintain their infrastructure for water and sanitation.
  • Participatory Planning: Make sure local communities are actively involved in WASH planning processes. This entails determining community needs, carrying out vulnerability assessments, and working together to create WASH programs that are climate resilient.
  • Technology Integration: Investigate how using suitable and sustainable technologies might improve the WASH services’ resilience. Rainwater harvesting systems, decentralized wastewater treatment, and climate-resilient water sources are a few examples of this.
  • Integration with Disaster Risk Reduction: At the local level, incorporate WASH resilience initiatives into more comprehensive disaster risk reduction plans. This guarantees a comprehensive strategy to increase resilience against obstacles brought on by climate change.


Governments can further strengthen people’s initiatives by strengthening their capacity to sustain safe sanitation and incentivizing them to revive alternative water sources, store water to cope with supply irregularities, and conduct regular water testing for a resilient and sustainable future.

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