[Answered] Discuss the role of ESG frameworks in shaping geopolitical alliances. How do national interests influence the adoption of ESG principles?

Introduction: Define the ESG framework

Body: Role of ESG in geopolitical alliances and how national security influences them

Conclusion: Way forward

ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) frameworks are playing an increasingly important role in shaping geopolitical alliances and international relations. ESG principles encompass a set of non-financial factors that are used to evaluate the sustainability and ethical impact of investments or business practices.

Role of ESG framework in shaping geopolitical alliances

  • Soft Power: ESG criteria are often seen as a form of “soft power” in international relations. Countries that promote ESG principles can use them to influence and shape diplomatic and economic relationships with other nations. This can further be used to forge diplomatic alliances, trade agreements, and direct foreign investment.
  • Geopolitical Influence: ESG issues, especially those related to the environment and climate change, can significantly impact a country’s geopolitical standing. Nations that are leaders in addressing climate change and other ESG concerns can gain influence and attract allies.

How does national interest influence ESG adoption

  • Economic Interests: If a country sees financial benefits from sustainable practices, like the development of green technology or access to investments with an ESG focus, it may be more likely to embrace ESG principles.
  • Security Interests: National security may be impacted by ESG issues. For example, resource scarcity and conflict are two outcomes of climate change that many countries find concerning.
  • International Reputation: A nation’s standing abroad can affect its domestic policies. Adoption of ESG principles may be influenced by upholding a favourable reputation and acting responsibly on a global scale.
  • Market Access: ESG compliance may be a requirement for capital and market access abroad. It is in a country’s best interest to follow ESG principles because a lot of investors and trading partners now take them into account.
  • Domestic Politics: The political landscape within a country can influence the adoption of ESG principles. Public pressure, advocacy groups, and political ideology can all sway national interests.


Robust ESG framework and responsible ESG investing are very important for an emerging economy like India as they provide an opportunity for all stakeholders to build an economy that is financially, socially, and environmentally sustainable

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