[Answered] Elucidate the importance of the directives given by the Supreme Court to the Centre for sensitizing people regarding the rights of queer individuals and establishing a hotline for the queer community. How can these directives contribute to fostering a more inclusive society?

Introduction: Give brief context to the judgement.

Body: Highlight the importance of the guidelines issued & how they are helpful for an inclusive society.

Conclusion: Way forward

Recently, a five-judge Constitution Bench of the apex court headed by the Chief Justice of India ruled in a 3:2 verdict against giving constitutional validity to same-sex marriages & held that only the legislature can recognize or regulate same-sex marriage. The verdict called upon the Centre, States, and Union Territories to ensure that the queer community is not discriminated against because of gender identity or sexual orientation.

Importance of directives issued by SC regarding queer community

  • Social Acceptance: The direction issued are aimed at addressing the issue of discrimination towards same-sex couples including the creation of Garima Grehs or safe houses in all districts to provide shelter to members of the queer community who are facing violence or discrimination.
  • Promote equal rights: The top court has asked the Government to ensure that “treatments” offered by doctors or other persons, that aim to change gender identity or sexual orientation, are completely prohibited from contributing to a just and equitable society.
  • Mental health support: The establishment of a hotline specifically for the queer community provides a safe and confidential space for individuals to seek support, counseling, and guidance. This can be a lifeline for those facing discrimination, harassment, or struggling with their identity.

How do these directives contribute to a more inclusive society?

  • Enhanced Education and Awareness: Sensitization campaigns can aid in increasing public knowledge of the rights and difficulties experienced by LGBT people. By dispelling myths and preconceptions about the LGBTQ+ population, educational programs can increase compassion and understanding.
  • Lessening Stigma and Discrimination: Sensitization can assist in lessening the stigma and discrimination that LGBTQ+ people face in society. This is essential for their emotional and mental health as well as for their ability to fully engage in society.
  • Reducing Hate Crimes and Violence: Greater awareness and support for the LGBTQ+ community can contribute to a decrease in hate crimes and violence. A hotline can provide an avenue for reporting such incidents, ensuring that they are addressed promptly.


The directives of the top court address not only the legal rights of LGBTQ+ individuals but also the cultural, social, and emotional aspects of their lives. These efforts are pivotal in creating a society where everyone, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity, can live with dignity, respect, and equality.

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