[Answered] Evaluate the need for procedural reforms in the Indian Parliament to balance the need for discipline with the necessity of robust debate and opposition. How can Parliament ensure effective functioning while accommodating diverse viewpoints?

Introduction: Give a brief context to the question

Body: Why there is a need for procedural reforms in the functioning of Parliament?

Conclusion: Way forward

The recent suspension of 141 MPs from Parliament has raised concern about the functioning of Parliament which is India’s highest legislature and deliberative body, embodying the spirit of the Constitution. It also raises concern about the representative role of MPs which is a cardinal principle of parliamentary democracy.

Need for Procedural Reforms in Parliament

  • Enhancing Efficiency: Procedural reforms are necessary to streamline legislative processes and reduce procedural bottlenecks. This can lead to more efficient decision-making and timely passage of legislation.
  • Curbing Disruptions: The Indian Parliament often faces disruptions, leading to adjournments and the stalling of proceedings. Procedural reforms can introduce mechanisms to curb disruptions, ensuring a more disciplined and focused parliamentary environment.
  • Strengthening Committee System: Reforms can focus on empowering and strengthening parliamentary committees. These committees play a crucial role in scrutinizing legislation, and reforms can enhance their effectiveness in conducting in-depth examinations.
  • Role of Speaker: The Speaker should act impartially, ensuring that all voices are heard while maintaining order during debates.

Ensuring Effective Functioning

  • Clear Rule of Conduct: Create and implement a clear rule of conduct that forbids personal attacks and encourages polite discourse. This keeps discussions from devolving into hostilities and keeps them on topic.
  • Dedication to Pluralism: Promote an environment that honours a range of viewpoints, making sure that every participant feels appreciated and heard regardless of their ideas, political beliefs, or background.
  • Sensitization and Training: Offer lawmakers courses on effective negotiation, communication, and dispute resolution. Sensitization training sessions help foster a more cooperative atmosphere and improve comprehension of differing points of view.
  • Frequent discussions: Holding regular, informal discussions outside of formal sessions between the opposition and the ruling party can promote mutual understanding and collaboration. Inclusion is promoted by actively involving all political parties and making sure that the opinions of minorities are heard during the decision-making process.


Achieving a balance between discipline and lively debate should be the goal of procedural improvements in the Indian Parliament. By putting these ideas into practice, the legislative process can become more inclusive and successful, allowing for a range of opinions and maintaining the democratic system’s integrity.

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