Indian Economy Current Affairs Updates For UPSC IAS Mains 2024 Examination

Indian Economy Current Affairs Updates For UPSC IAS Mains 2024 Examination

On this page you will find articles that falls under subject Indian Economy for UPSC IAS Mains 2024 examination

Impacts of PDS on household spending

Source: The post Impacts of PDS on household spending has been created, based on the article “The PDS impact on household expenditure” published in “The Hindu” on 13th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Economy-Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security. Context: The article discusses the impact… Continue reading Impacts of PDS on household spending

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Challenges faced by the new Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare in India

Source: The post challenges faced by the new Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare in India has been created, based on the article “What India’s new agriculture policy must focus on” published in “Indian express” on 12th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3-Indian economy-agriculture Context: The article discusses the challenges faced by Shivraj… Continue reading Challenges faced by the new Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare in India

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Factors that contributed to the stability of India’s banking sector

Source: The post factors that contributed to the stability of India’s banking sector has been created, based on the article “Banking sector continues to confound” published in “Business standard” on 12th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3 -Indian Economy -Indian Economy and issues relating to mobilization of resources. Context: The article discusses the strong… Continue reading Factors that contributed to the stability of India’s banking sector

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Key Findings of the ASUSE 2022-23

Source: The post Key Findings of the ASUSE 2022-23 has been created, based on the article “The unorganized sector needs a revival to tackle unemployment” published in “Live mints” on 12th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Indian Economy- Issues relating to growth, development and employment. Context: The article discusses the challenges faced by… Continue reading Key Findings of the ASUSE 2022-23

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Factors affecting food production and its price outlook

Source: The post factors affecting food production and its price outlook has been created, based on the article “The stubborn food inflation problem” published in “Indian express” on 11th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3-Indian Economy-Inflation Context: The article discusses how India’s high food prices keep overall inflation high, making it hard for the… Continue reading Factors affecting food production and its price outlook

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India’s GST system needs further reform

Source: The post India’s GST system needs further reform has been created, based on the article “Towards a good and simple tax” published in “Business standard” on 11th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Indian Economy – Issues relating to mobilization of resources. Context: The article discusses the need for further reforms in India’s… Continue reading India’s GST system needs further reform

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India Need to Improve its Manufacturing Sector

Source: The post India need to improve its manufacturing sector has been created, based on the article “The shape of manufacturing 3.0 for Modi 3.0” published in “The Hindu” on 10th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment. Context: The article… Continue reading India Need to Improve its Manufacturing Sector

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Implications of Angel Tax for Startups and Investment

Source-This post on Implications of Angel Tax for Startups and Investment has been created based on the article “Drop the angel tax: Stop taxing startup investments as income” published in “Live Mint” on 10 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus-GS Paper-3- Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment. Context– The… Continue reading Implications of Angel Tax for Startups and Investment

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India’s urgent need for good-quality jobs

Source: The post India’s urgent need for good-quality jobs has been created, based on the article “Welfarism is not the solution for India’s job problem, skill creation is” published in “Indian express” on 9th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Economy -employment Context: The article discusses India’s urgent need for good-quality jobs. It highlights… Continue reading India’s urgent need for good-quality jobs

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India’s Stance on Expanding the WTO’s Agenda and Its Impacts

Source: The post India’s stance on expanding the WTO’s agenda and its impacts has been created, based on the article “Why India needs to reset its trade policy” published in “Indian express” on 9th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Economy Context: The article discusses India’s resistance to expand the WTO’s agenda, highlighting the… Continue reading India’s Stance on Expanding the WTO’s Agenda and Its Impacts

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Fiscal Prudence and Economic Reforms

Source-This post on Fiscal Prudence and Economic Reforms has been created based on the article “Budget: Balance fiscal prudence with support for GDP expansion” published in “Live Mint” on 9 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus- GS Paper-3– Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment. Context- The government aims to… Continue reading Fiscal Prudence and Economic Reforms

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Monetization Opportunities for the Government

Source-This post on Monetization Opportunities for the Government has been created based on the article “The government’s stake-selling agenda: If not now, then when?” published in “LiveMint” on 9 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus-GS Paper-3– Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment. Context– Stock markets have consistently hit new… Continue reading Monetization Opportunities for the Government

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India needs skill development to transform its demographic potential into economic growth.

Source: The post India needs skill development to transform its demographic potential into economic growth has been created, based on the article “We need a data-driven strategy to plug our skill gaps” published in “Live mints” on 8th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3- Economy- Employment Context: The article discusses India’s young population,… Continue reading India needs skill development to transform its demographic potential into economic growth.

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India’s Balance of Payments (BoP)

Source: The post India’s Balance of Payments has been created, based on the article “How to read India’s Balance of Payments” published in “Indian express” on 6th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3-Economy Context: The article discusses India’s Balance of Payments, which records financial transactions with other countries. It notes a recent surplus in… Continue reading India’s Balance of Payments (BoP)

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Challenges and Opportunities in Indian Economy

Source: The post challenges and opportunities in Indian economy has been created, based on the article “The road ahead to Viksit Bharat” published in “Business standard” on 6th July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Economy Context: The article discusses India’s economic condition and policy strategies in response to global challenges like inflation and geostrategic… Continue reading Challenges and Opportunities in Indian Economy

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India’s Skimmed Milk Powder Surplus

Source-This post on India’s Skimmed Milk Powder Surplus has been created based on the article “How surplus milk powder is dairy industry’s new problem” published in “The Indian Express” on 5 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus-GS Paper-3- Economics of Animal-Rearing. Context- Indian dairy farmers are grappling with challenges in disposing of unproductive cattle due to stringent… Continue reading India’s Skimmed Milk Powder Surplus

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Critical Minerals in the 21st Century

Source-This post on Critical Minerals in the 21st Century has been created based on the article “Breaking the minerals monopoly” published in “Business Standard” on 4 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus–GS Paper-3- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Context-The article highlights the geo-economic and geo-strategic significance of Critical Minerals In the 21st century. Critical minerals… Continue reading Critical Minerals in the 21st Century

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Changes Expected from Upcoming Budget

Source-This post on Changes Expected from Upcoming Budget has been created based on the article “Budget must signal change” published in “Business Standards” on 4 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus-GS Paper-3- Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment Context– The article highlights the importance of the upcoming Budget to… Continue reading Changes Expected from Upcoming Budget

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Fiscal Management and the Upcoming Union Budget

Source-This post on Fiscal Management and the Upcoming Union Budget has been created based on the article “RBI’s surplus: To spend or not to spend” published in “The Indian Express” on 4 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus-GS Paper-3– Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment Context- The article discusses… Continue reading Fiscal Management and the Upcoming Union Budget

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Impacts of Heatwaves on India’s Core Industrial Sectors

Source: The post impacts of heatwaves on India’s core industrial sectors has been created, based on the article “Mixed signals: India needs to strengthen momentum in the key industrial sectors” published in “The Hindu” on 3rd July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Economy Context: The article discusses how India’s core industrial sectors slowed down… Continue reading Impacts of Heatwaves on India’s Core Industrial Sectors

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Need for De-dollarization

Source-This post on Need for De-dollarization has been created based on the article“Uncle Sam’s dollar Ponzi scheme” published in “Business Standards” on 3 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus- GS Paper-3- Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment. Context- The article critically examines India’s dollar-denominated economic targets and advocates for… Continue reading Need for De-dollarization

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Issues in Indian Labor Market

Source-This post on Issues in Indian Labor Market has been created based on the article “A digital public platform could boost labour market efficiency” published in “Livemint” on 3 July 2024. UPSC Syllabus–GS Paper-3– Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment. Context– The article discusses India’s labor market… Continue reading Issues in Indian Labor Market

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Risks according to the 29th RBI Financial Stability Report

Source: The post risks according to the 29th RBI Financial Stability Report has been created, based on the article “Improving financial stability: Some areas of concern remain” published in “Business standard” on 2nd July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Economy Context: The latest 29th RBI Financial Stability Report shows that India’s financial system is… Continue reading Risks according to the 29th RBI Financial Stability Report

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Challenges of India’s Shift to Green Energy

Source: The post challenges of India’s Shift to Green Energy has been created, based on the article “The complexity of green transition” published in “Business standard” on 2nd July 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3-economy-infrastructure-energy Context: The article discusses the challenges India faces as it moves away from fossil fuels to greener energy sources. It… Continue reading Challenges of India’s Shift to Green Energy

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Concerns related to the “Washington Consensus” approach

Source: The post concerns related to the “Washington Consensus” approach has been created, based on the article “A new paradigm for creating jobs” published in “Business standard” on 29th June 2024 UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3- Economy Context: The article discusses the need for India to shift its focus from solely aiming for GDP growth… Continue reading Concerns related to the “Washington Consensus” approach

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How to read Indian Economy for UPSC

In UPSC IAS preparation, one subject which most of the students find very difficult to start with and understand is Indian Economy. They mostly struggle with the approach, textbooks to follow and how to read Indian Economy related news in the newspaper.

Indian Economy consists of both static as well current affairs. In this subject, textbook will build your basic understanding and help you to solve around 3-5 % of the total questions asked in the UPSC Prelims exam. Students need to refer multiple sources to better understand Indian Economy and fetch good marks in both UPSC Prelims and Mains. Every year around 10-15% questions are asked in UPSC Prelims exam from static portion, current affairs (schemes) and India Year Book. It has even increased up to 30 % in 2018 and 2019 UPSC Prelims exam. So, in any case students cannot avoid this subject as it is as important as History, Polity and Geography.

In this article, we will discuss in detail about the study approach of Indian Economy. This article would be very helpful for those who are scared of this subject and always try to run away from this. Once you will understand the basic concepts of Indian Economy, you will start enjoying this subject and eventually you will have a good command over this subject.

Before starting any subject in UPSC IAS preparation, it is advisable for all the students to see the past year trend of both UPSC Prelims and Mains questions. Indian Economy is part of both UPSC IAS Prelims Syllabus  and UPSC Mains Syllabus. Hence, it becomes very important for the students to study this subject with right approach and have a good understanding over the topics asked in the exam.

In the following table, we will see the total number of questions asked in the UPSC Prelims exam in last 6 years from Indian Economy:

prelims 2021 – 14

2022 – 18

2023 – 12

YearTotal number of questions asked
2020

 

14

 

2019

 

28

 

2018

 

29

 

2017

 

14

 

2016

 

15

 

2015

 

21

 

 Overview of the UPSC IAS syllabus for Indian Economy:

PhaseSyllabus
UPSC Prelims- General Studies (Paper I)

 

Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

 

UPSC Mains- General Studies (Paper III)

 

Economic Development

 

Study approach of Indian Economy subject for UPSC IAS: 

  • Read the syllabus: Students need to go through the syllabus of Indian Economy for both UPSC Prelims and Mains. It will give them a detailed guideline about what they have to read and what they have to leave. Print the syllabus and stick that in that in your study table.

 

  • Start with the basic NCERT textbooks: To understand the basic concepts. One should start the preparation of Indian Economy with NCERT textbooks. One simply read the book, highlight the important point and revise them. Notes making is not much important here. Following are the NCERT textbooks which one need to read:
  • Class IX NCERT textbook ‘Economics’
  • Class X NCERT textbook ‘Understanding Economic Development’.
  • class XI NCERT textbook ‘Indian Economic Development’.
  • Class XII NCERT textbook ‘Introductory Microeconomics’.
  • class XII NCERT textbook ‘Introductory Macroeconomics’ (Most important).
  • Take a step forward with advance book: To cover each topic thoroughly and understand everything in detail, students need to refer one advance book for Indian Polity. ‘Indian Economy’ by Ramesh Singh is simple and good book to understand the topics. Here also, one should not run behind taking notes of each topic. Highlighting the things and multiple revision would be helpful for students.
    • Current Affairs: Indian Economy is totally linked with current affairs. Topics like SLR, RR, GDP are current based. One must refer monthly current affairs magazine to cover current based issues. One thing is very important to note that, no current affairs magazine can substitute the Newspapers. To cover Indian Economy related news, “Economic Times or Business Standards” would be recommendable.
    • Refer other miscellaneous materials: After reading Economic Survey and Budget, your preparation will be complete. Economy Survey and Budget will give you basic idea about How our country is developing. What is growth, what is the expenditure and revenue? This will help you in both UPSC Prelims and Mains. One can also refer Economic and Political Weekly (EPW) magazine. This is completely optional and will only be helpful when you have completed and revised the other things.
  • Focus more on Government Schemes and some important topics of Indian Economy: UPSC every year ask lots of questions on Government Schemes related to Indian Economy. Students must cover every schemes thoroughly and they can also make short notes on them and revise them. Some important topics of Indian Economy on which students need to focus more are:
  • National income accounting, GDP, GNP, inflation, balance of payment, fiscal policy, monetary policy, RBI, PSL, NBFC.
  • Finance commission – terms of references, themes.
  • International organizations – World Bank, IMF, WTO, UNCTAD, WEF and their reports. Bodies like G-15, G-7, G-33, etc.
  • Basic economic terms, demographic dividend, inclusive growth.
  • Taking help of online sources: Students should utilize the benefits of integration of technology in education. Topics which they find difficult to understand, can easily get command over those topics with the help of You tube, online classes etc. On these platforms, they can read and revise the topics multiple times.
  • Refer Previous year UPSC Prelims and Mains questions: Analyzing the past year papers will help students to have a clear understanding of which types of questions are asked by UPSC. On these lines, students should give the second reading to the advance book and NCERTs.
  • Practice mock tests: After completing the syllabus once, students need to give mock tests. Firstly, they can solve MCQs topic wise. After that, weekly they can solve MCQs based on complete syllabus of Indian Economy. It will help them to reduce their fear and also build their logic on solving MCQS.
  • Answer writing practice: After completing the whole syllabus once, students must start answer writing practice on Previous Years Question of UPSC Mains. They should also practice daily/weekly answer writing based on their capacity.
  • Revision is the key: Revision is the key to Success. Students need to revise each and every topic multiple times. Revision will boost their preparation and help to make a blueprint of everything in the back of the mind. It will reduce the time taken in the final exam (Prelims and Mains) to solve the questions.

Indian Economy is an interesting and concept-based subject. One cannot understand the subject if will try to simply mug up the things like in History they do. Understanding the things and solving MCQs with logic will help them a lot.

 

 

 

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