Green Ammonia Production

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Source-This post on Green Ammonia Production has been created based on the article “Competitive Bidding initiated for total available capacity of 5.39 Lakh MT/annum of Green Ammonia intended for production and supply” published in “PIB” on 8 June 2024.

Why in News?

Recently, Solar Energy Corporation of India initiated Competitive Bidding for Green Ammonia Production.

About Green Ammonia Production

1. As part of India’s National Green Hydrogen Mission, the Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) has launched a Request for Selection (RfS) to identify producers of Green Ammonia.

2. This move is under the Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition (SIGHT) Programme, managed by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE).

3. SECI aims to allocate a total of 5.39 lakh metric tonnes per annum of Green Ammonia production capacity through this initiative.

4. The selection process involves e-bidding followed by an e-Reverse Auction to ensure cost-effectiveness and transparency.

5. The Green Ammonia produced under this initiative is designated for supply to fertilizer companies, supporting sustainable agriculture practices.

About SIGHT Programme Details

1. SECI is the appointed agency to implement the Green Ammonia Production incentive under Mode 2A of the SIGHT Programme.

2. Under the same programme, MNRE has already allocated 4.12 lakh metric tonnes per annum of Green Hydrogen production capacity and 1.5 GW per annum of Electrolyzer manufacturing capacity.

About National Green Hydrogen Mission

1. It was launched on January 4, 2023.

2. It aims to make India self-reliant in clean energy.

3. The mission is designed to reduce carbon emissions, lessen dependency on fossil fuel imports, and position India as a leader in Green Hydrogen technology and markets globally.

About Green Ammonia

1.  Green ammonia is synthesized using hydrogen obtained from water electrolysis and nitrogen extracted from the air. These components are combined in the Haber process, which is powered by renewable energy sources.

2. The Haber Process: In the Haber process, hydrogen and nitrogen react at high temperatures and pressures to form ammonia (NH3).

3. The key to green ammonia is that the entire process, including the energy for the Haber process, is sourced from 100% renewable and carbon-free options.

Uses of Green Ammonia

1.  Green ammonia serves as a cleaner fuel alternative for engines in locomotives and ships, aiming to replace traditional diesel and marine fuel oils.

2.  It can be used as a fuel source for generating electricity.

3.  As a primary component in fertilizer production, it supports sustainable agricultural practices.

4. Green ammonia is a versatile feedstock used in various applications, including water purification and pharmaceutical manufacturing.

UPSC Syllabus: Environment

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