GS 3

Indian Economy

On Innovation in India – Rework the risk-reward matrix for innovation gains |

RBI’s Cloud Facility for Financial Sector |

On Benefits of Cryptocurrency for India: Bitcoin gains acceptance India needs clear rules on cryptos |

Supreme Court’s observations on the PMLA – Questionable searches under the Money Laundering Act |

IMF’s annual report on India’s Economy |

IMF’s annual report on India’s Economy |

On Renewable Energy Storage |

Planning and mobilization of resources

On India’s Forex Reserves – Decoding the fall and rise of India’s forex reserves 

Improving GST Regime-Creating certainty |

On India’s inclusion in Global Bond Index – Caution: The watch word for bond index inclusion |

International Agreements vs domestic laws – In international law, government cannot override Parliament |

Exchange rate flexibility is a key shock absorber for India: IMF |

Issue related to Credit rating – CEA’s concerns apart, India needs better data |

Positive outlook – High public debt remains a risk |

On Private Investment – Crowd-in must not start crowding investors out |


On demands for reservation – Maratha reservation: Why everyone wants a ‘sarkari naukri’ |

Labour mobility |

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it

On An Alternate Model of Development – The quest for ‘happiness’ in the Viksit Bharat odyssey |

India’s informal sector |

Inclusive Growth

Government Budgeting.

Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country

Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems

Marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints

e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Agriculture – Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies

On Fertiliser subsidies – Farm dos and don’ts 

No appetite for food safety |

Minimum support prices

Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping;

Food security

Food Security and Nutrition Report 2023: 74% Indians could not afford healthy diet in 2021 |

Technology missions

Economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- scope, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Significance of Food processing and related industries in India Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization on the economy

On Effective Use of Public Procurement – Public procurement for Make in India |

China’s economic slowdown, its ripple effect

Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth

Sustainability of Rural Enterprises

Social Capital Challenges faced by MSMEs in Accessing finances – We must bank on social capital |

Green Industrial strategy – No alternative to green industrial strategy |


Grey Infrastructure |

The fall and fall of the country’s logistics cost |

Financing cities: G20 infrastructure agenda

Investment models

Developments in science and technology

On India’s nuclear history lessons for AI development – Why India cannot afford to repeat its nuclear weapons mistakes with AI |

Novel therapeutic formulation developed for improved treatment of Indian red scorpion sting 

Application of science and technology and effects in everyday life

Regulation of AI- Explained Pointwise |

On the Challenges of the AI Revolution – Navigating AI’s dystopian realities |

New Delhi Declaration on Artificial Intelligence Adopted |

Lyfgenia and Casgevy: U.S FDA approves gene therapies for sickle cell disease |

Ecological Impact of Biofortified Seeds |

Wolbachia Method |

Achievements of Indians in science & technology

Jio Space Fiber |

Indigenization of technology and developing new technology

Awareness in the fields of IT


Concerns related to generative AI-Al generates real worries of privacy and accuracy |

Space Technology

Technology beyond space – Encouraging private sector will increase opportunities





Issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Patent Regime In India

Environment and Bio-diversity Conservation

Scientists Have Discovered ‘White Hydrogen’ Beneath France |

On Sustainable Aviation Fuel and Synthetic Petrol – Flight to sustainability |

On Phasing Out Coal – Honest reckoning |

Benefits of Underground Mining in India |

On the Challenges of Reducing Emissions – Why climate efforts fail to cut emissions |

Common But Differentiated Responsibilities- Explained Pointwise 

Circular economy |

Global River Cities Alliance (GRCA) Launched at COP28 |

COP 28 Outcomes and Shortcomings

Amrit Technology for Arsenic Removal From Water |

Olive Ridley Sea Turtles: Missile testing paused in Odisha to save sea turtles |

Dodo De-extinction Project: Why scientists are planning to bring back the bird to Mauritius |

Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary: Eastern Ghats Nature Interpretation Centre in Visakhapatnam |

Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary: Tiger spotted at record high elevation of 3,640m in Sikkim |

Amrit Dharohar Scheme training conducted in Indore |

On the importance of Biosphere Reserves – Biosphere reserves are evolving as pockets of hope |

Environmental pollution and degradation

The UN Treaty on Plastic Pollution

On Emissions by the Military |

Environmental impact assessment (EIA)


Disaster management

On Cyclone Michaung – Shared blame

Cyclone disaster management in India

Turbulence in south – India must ensure better cohesion among agencies during disasters |

Are natural disasters man-made?

Internal security

National Security Strategy of India

Supreme Court’s observations on the PMLA – Questionable searches under the Money Laundering Act |

Drone attack on merchant ship in the Indian Ocean |

Cost of IAF’s lesson: 50 squadrons lost

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks

On Apple’s spyware attack notification – Why government’s defence on Apple spyware advisory is weak – and in bad faith 

Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges

Basics of cyber security

Operation Storm Makers II: Cases of human trafficking victims being forced to commit cybercrimes on the rise |

Money-laundering and its prevention.

Security challenges and their management in border areas

UNLF Peace Accord |

On Maritime Security Challenges – The challenge of maritime security in the Global South |

VINBAX-2023: Joint Military Exercise |

Linkages of organized crime with terrorism


Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

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