[Answered] India’s energy distribution is skewed towards coal. This dependence on coal may impact India’s commitments under the Paris Accord. Analyse.

Introduction: Give a brief description of India’s commitment to the Paris Agreement.

Body: Highlight concerns and challenges in meeting international commitments.

Conclusion: Way forward

India’s significant reliance on coal for energy production has several ramifications, particularly in light of its obligations under the Paris Agreement. With attempts to keep the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius, the 2015 Paris Agreement seeks to keep global warming far below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Like many other nations, India has committed to lowering its greenhouse gas emissions and moving toward a low-carbon, more sustainable economy.

Several concerns and challenges in meeting International commitments

  • High Carbon Emissions: Burning coal emits a considerable amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere, making it a fossil fuel with high emissions. India’s high reliance on coal for electricity generation raises the country’s carbon footprint considerably. To fulfill the targets outlined in the Paris Agreement, reducing emissions from the energy sector is essential.
  • Impact on Air Quality and Health: Burning coal releases air pollutants such as particulate matter, Sulphur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) that are hazardous to human health in addition to being a key cause of climate change. In addition to being a local environmental issue, addressing air quality concerns supports more general sustainable development objectives.
  • Economic and Energy Security: By lowering reliance on a single energy source, diversifying the energy mix can improve energy security. India’s high reliance on coal exposes it to changes in the price of the commodity as well as interruptions in supply. A more secure and robust energy system can benefit from having a diverse energy portfolio that includes renewable energy sources.
  • International Cooperation and Reputation: To combat climate change collectively, the Paris Agreement promotes international cooperation. India’s standing in the international world depends on its commitment to cutting emissions and moving away from coal. India can enhance its standing and make a valuable contribution towards a more sustainable future by harmonizing its energy policies with the worldwide climate goals.
  • Policy and Regulatory Framework: Robust policy measures and regulatory frameworks are necessary to achieve the shift away from coal. India must put laws into place and uphold them that encourage the use of renewable energy sources, increase energy efficiency, and progressively phase out the production of electricity from coal.


India’s reliance on coal as a source of energy has a big impact on its obligations under the Paris Agreement. Making the switch to greener, more sustainable energy sources is crucial for achieving climate goals as well as for improving energy security, addressing regional environmental and health concerns, and promoting global collaboration in the fight against climate change.

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