Manual Scavenging

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Source: The post “Manual Scavenging” is based on the articleRs 30 lakh compensation to be paid to families of those who die while cleaning sewers: SCpublished in “Deccan Herald” on 25th October 2023

Why in the News?

The Supreme Court has directed the Union and state governments to ensure the complete eradication of manual scavenging.

What is Manual Scavenging?

Definition: Manual scavenging refers to the practice of manually cleaning, handling, and disposing of human excreta and other waste materials from dry latrines, open drains and sewers.

Banned in: In India, manual scavenging has been officially banned since 1993.

Deaths: Over the past five years, 347 people have lost their lives while cleaning sewers and septic tanks in India.Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Delhi accounted for 40% of these deaths.

What are the directives issued by the Supreme Court on Manual Scavenging?

1.Provide compensation of Rs 30 lakh to the families of individuals who lose their lives while cleaning sewers.

2.Those who suffer permanent disabilities during such work should receive a minimum compensation of Rs 20 lakh and 

3.Those with other disabilities caused by sewer cleaning should receive Rs 10 lakh as compensation.

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