Q. Consider the following statements regarding Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)
1. It is transmitted by mosquitoes and is characterized by high fever and inflammation of the brain.
2. Japanese Encephalitis virus (JEV) is the major cause of AES in India
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has provided tap water supply to more than 97 lakh households in five JE-AES (Japanese Encephalitis-Acute Encephalitis Syndrome) affected states. The five states with priority districts are Assam, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. 

About Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES): 

  • Acute Encephalitis Syndrome(AES) also known as ‘Chamki Fever’ or Litchi Virus is an umbrella term used for infections that causes inflammation irritation or swelling on the brain. 
  • Cause: Viruses, bacteria, fungi and a range of agents.However, Japanese encephalitis(JE) virus is the most common cause of AES in India 
  • Symptoms: Acute onset of fever, change in mental status (mental confusion, disorientation, delirium, or coma) and new-onset of seizures. 

Read more: Acute Encephalitis Syndrome 

Source: PIB