Q. Consider the following statements regarding Classical Languages in India
1. There are six languages that are given Classical language status by the government of India.
2. A language used in the body of ancient texts, which is considered a valuable heritage by generations can be declared as a classical language.
3. Eminent scholars in classical Indian languages are provided with two major international awards annually.
How many of the above-given statements are correct?

[A] Only one

[B] Only two

[C] All three

[D] None

Answer: C
Notes:

Exp) Option c is the correct answer.

Statement 1 is correct. The six languages in India enjoy the ‘Classical Languages in India’ status namely Tamil (declared in 2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008), Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013), and Odia (2014).

Statement 2 is correct. Any language can be declared as a Classical language if it fulfils the given criteria: – (i) The language must have high antiquity of its early texts/ recorded history over a period of 1500-2000 years; (ii) A language used in the body of ancient literature/texts, which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers. (iii) The literary tradition of the language must be original and not borrowed from another speech community; (iv) The classical language and literature being distinct from modern can have discontinuity between the classical language and its later forms or its offshoots.

Statement 3 is correct. Once a language is notified as a Classical language, the Human Resource and Development Ministry provides certain benefits to promote it: 1. Two major annual international awards for scholars of eminence in classical Indian languages. 2. A Centre of Excellence for studies in Classical Languages is set up. 3. The University Grants Commission is requested to create, to start with at least in the Central Universities, a certain number of Professional Chairs for the Classical Languages so declared.

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