Q. Consider the following statements regarding Emigration Act
1. The Act sets up a mechanism for hiring Indians seeking employment in abroad
2. The Act establishes a government review of workers travel and employment documents to all countries.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

Labour migration is governed by the Emigration Act, 1983. 

  • The Act sets up a mechanism for hiring through government-certified recruiting agents – individuals or public or private agencies. 
  • The Act outlines obligations for agents to conduct due diligence of prospective employers. 
  • It also sets up a cap on service fees and establishes a government review of worker travel and employment documents (known as emigration clearances) to 18 countries. These include mainly in West Asian states and South-East Asian countries. 

SourceThe Hindu