Q. Consider the following statements regarding Fishing cats:
1. It is the state animal of West Bengal
2. It is listed as ‘vulnerable’ under IUCN red list
3. Shrinking of tropical forest due to Palm oil cultivation in tropical areas has emerged as biggest threat to fishing cats in South and Southeast Asia
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] All of the above

Answer: A
Notes:

About Fishing cats: 

  • The fishing cat is one of only two animals among the 40 odd members of the cat family which can survive in wet landscape 
  • It is the top predator of the wetland ecosystem 
  • Fishing cat has double layered coat which keeps its skin from getting wet 
  • The fishing cat is the state animal of West Bengal 
  • It is protected under Schedule 1 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 
  • IUCN status: It is listed as “vulnerable” under IUCN red list 
  • CITES status: The fishing cat is included on CITES Appendix II 
  • Habitat– It prefers wetland ecosystem and traditionally found in the South and Southeast Asia’s rivers such as Ganga, Brahmaputra, Godavari, Krishna, Irrawaddy and Chao Phraya 
  • Threat– Shrinking of wetland ecosystem, marshes, mangrove, and grassland has emerged as biggest threat 

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