Q. Consider the following statements regarding Kendu Leaf
1. It is native to India and Sri Lanka.
2. Odisha is the top producer of Kendu leaves in India
3. These are used to treat malaria, diarrhoea, and dysentery
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 2 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C

Recently, several children were seen collecting kendu leaves in the Joradobra Phadi (kendu leaf collection center) in Odisha’s Kalahandi district. This was a clear violation of child rights and also a reflection of the shoddy state of affairs across the state. 

About Kendu Leaf: 

  • Kendu Leaf is a species of flowering tree in the family Ebenaceae. It is native to India and Sri Lanka. 
  • The states producing Kendu leaves in India comprise mainly Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. 

Kendu Leaf in Odisha: 

  • Kendu leaf is called the green gold of Odisha. It is a nationalized product, like bamboo and the sal seed. It is one of the most important non-wood forest products in Odisha. 
  • Odisha is the third-largest producer of kendu leaf, after Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. 

Uses of Kendu Leaf: 

  • The Kendu leaves are used to wrap bidis, a popular smoke among the locals. 
  • Tribals living in remote forests, pluck the Kendu leaves and sell them in the market to earn their livelihood. 
  • Traditional medical practitioners use Kendu Leaves to treat malaria, diarrhoea, and dysentery. Due to their antimicrobial properties, the leaves are applied to cuts and bruises as well. 

Read more: Kendu leaf trade: Stringent laws needed to keep children out